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Publication numberCN1561194 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 02819196
PCT numberPCT/US2002/031667
Publication date5 Jan 2005
Filing date3 Oct 2002
Priority date3 Oct 2001
Also published asEP1432387A1, US20030095944, WO2003028680A1
Publication number02819196.X, CN 02819196, CN 1561194 A, CN 1561194A, CN-A-1561194, CN02819196, CN02819196.X, CN1561194 A, CN1561194A, PCT/2002/31667, PCT/US/2/031667, PCT/US/2/31667, PCT/US/2002/031667, PCT/US/2002/31667, PCT/US2/031667, PCT/US2/31667, PCT/US2002/031667, PCT/US2002/31667, PCT/US2002031667, PCT/US200231667, PCT/US2031667, PCT/US231667
Inventors桑吉夫·米达
Applicant宝洁公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Conditioner containing particles
CN 1561194 A
Abstract  translated from Chinese
本发明的组合物涉及改善的护发组合物,所述组合物按重量计包括约0.1%至约10%的、熔点为30℃或更低的低熔点脂肪醇;约0.01%至约10%的颗粒;按重量计约0.1%至约10%的环氧乙烷、氧化丙烯以及它们的混合物的聚合物,所述聚合物具有上式(I),其中R选自H、甲基以及它们的混合物;n的平均值为约2,000至约14,000;按重量计0%至约20%的调理剂,所述调理剂选自阳离子表面活性剂、阳离子聚合物、非挥发性的硅氧烷、非挥发性的烃、饱和的C The composition of the present invention relates to an improved hair care compositions, the composition comprising by weight, from about 0.1% to about 10%, the melting point is 30 ℃ or less of the low melting point fatty alcohol; from about 0.01% to about 10% particles; polymer by weight, from about 0.1% to about 10% ethylene oxide, propylene oxide and mixtures thereof, said polymer having the formula (I), wherein R is selected from H, methyl, and their The mixture; average of n is from about 2,000 to about 14,000; from 0% by weight to about 20% of the conditioning agent, the conditioning agent is selected from cationic surfactants, cationic polymers, nonvolatile silicones, nonvolatile hydrocarbons, saturated C
Claims(10)  translated from Chinese
1.护发组合物,所述护发组合物包括:(a)按重量计约0.1%至约10%的、熔点为30℃或更低的低熔点脂肪醇;(b)约0.01%至约10%的颗粒;(c)按重量计约0.1%至约10%的环氧乙烷、氧化丙烯以及它们的混合物的聚合物,其具有下式: 1. The hair care composition of the hair care composition comprising: (a) from about 0.1% by weight to about 10%, the melting point is 30 ℃ or less of the low melting point fatty alcohol; (b) from about 0.01% to about 10% of the particles; (c) from about 0.1% by weight to about 10% ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, and polymer mixtures thereof, having the formula: 其中R选自H、甲基以及它们的混合物;n的平均值为约2,000至约14,000;(d)按重量计0%至约20%的调理剂,所述调理剂选自阳离子表面活性剂、阳离子聚合物、非挥发性的硅氧烷、非挥发性的烃、饱和的C14至C22直链脂肪醇、非挥发性的烃酯,以及它们的混合物;和(e)按重量计约50%至约99.8%的水。 Wherein R is selected from H, methyl, and mixtures thereof; n is an average value from about 2,000 to about 14,000; (d) from 0% by weight to about 20% of the conditioning agent, the conditioning agent is selected from cationic surfactants , cationic polymers, nonvolatile silicones, nonvolatile hydrocarbons, saturated C14 to C22 straight chain fatty alcohols, nonvolatile hydrocarbon esters, and mixtures thereof; and (e) from about 50 by weight % to about 99.8% water.
2.如权利要求1所述的组合物,其中所述低熔点脂肪醇选自不饱和的C8-C22直链脂肪醇、饱和的C12-C18支链脂肪醇、饱和的C8-C12直链脂肪醇,以及它们的混合物。 2. The composition according to claim 1, wherein said low melting point fatty alcohol is selected from unsaturated C8-C22 straight chain fatty alcohols, saturated C12-C18 branched chain fatty alcohols, saturated C8-C12 straight chain fatty alcohol, and mixtures thereof.
3.如前述任一项权利要求所述的组合物,其中所述低熔点脂肪醇的熔点为25℃或更低。 3. The composition according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the melting point of the low melting point fatty alcohol is 25 ℃ or less.
4.如前述任一项权利要求所述的组合物,其中所述脂肪醇选自不饱和的C16-C18直链脂肪醇、C14-C18支链脂肪醇,以及它们的混合物。 4. A composition according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the fatty alcohol is selected from unsaturated C16-C18 straight chain fatty alcohols, C14-C18 branched chain fatty alcohols, and mixtures thereof.
5.如前述任一项权利要求所述的组合物,其中所述脂肪醇为油醇。 5. A composition according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the fatty alcohol is oleyl alcohol.
6.如前述任一项权利要求所述的组合物,其中n的平均值为约5,000至约9,000。 6. The composition as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the average value of n is from about 5,000 to about 9,000.
7.如前述任一项权利要求所述的组合物,其中所述低熔点脂肪醇选自不饱和的C8-C22直链脂肪醇、饱和的C12-C18支链脂肪醇、饱和的C8-C12直链脂肪醇,以及它们的混合物。 7. A composition as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the low melting point fatty alcohol is selected from unsaturated C8-C22 straight chain fatty alcohols, saturated C12-C18 branched chain fatty alcohols, saturated C8-C12 straight chain fatty alcohols, and mixtures thereof.
8.如前述任一项权利要求所述的组合物,其中存在至少约0.1重量百分比的所述颗粒。 8. A composition according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the presence of said particles is at least about 0.1 weight percent.
9.如前述任一项权利要求所述的组合物,其中存在至少约0.5重量百分比的所述颗粒。 9. A composition according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the presence of said particles of at least about 0.5 weight percent.
10.通过将有效量的前述任一项权利要求的组合物应用到毛发上来调理毛发的方法。 10. A method of conditioning hair hair up by composition of any preceding effective amount of applications to.
Description  translated from Chinese
包含颗粒的调理剂 It contains particles of a conditioning agent

发明领域本发明涉及包含颗粒的毛发调理剂。 Field of the Invention The present invention relates to compositions comprising particles of hair conditioner. 更具体地讲,本发明涉及将颗粒沉积在毛发上的洗去型调理剂。 More specifically, the present invention relates to particles are deposited on the hair rinse-off conditioners.

发明背景已知固体颗粒在许多制剂和个人护理组合物中用作有益剂。 Background of the Invention Known solid particles are used as beneficial agents in many formulations and personal care compositions. 固体颗粒可对包含它们的组合物或应用该组合物的表面赋予有益效果。 Solid particles containing their surface composition or use of the composition imparting benefits. 固体颗粒可被用作诸如颜料或着色剂、遮光剂、珠光剂、感觉调节剂、油吸收剂、皮肤保护剂、消光剂、摩擦增强剂、增滑剂、调理剂、剥脱剂、气味吸收剂或清洁增强剂。 The solid particles can be used as pigments or colorants, opacifiers, pearlescent agents, feel modifiers, oil absorbents, skin protection agents, matting agents, friction enhancers, slip agents, conditioning agents, stripping agents, odor absorbers or cleaning enhancers. 另外,许多活性成分可用作处理剂以治疗各种病症或用于令人尴尬的社交场合,它们是市售的,并典型地以固体颗粒形式使用,所述固体形式包括止汗剂、除屑剂、抗微生物剂、抗生素和防晒剂。 Additionally, many active ingredients can be used as the agent for the treatment of various disorders or embarrassing social situations, which are commercially available, and are typically used in solid particulate form, said antiperspirant solid forms include, in addition to crumbs agents, antimicrobial agents, antibiotics, and sunscreen.

典型地,当希望通过应用颗粒来改变表面性质时,颗粒通过免洗型制剂被施用,所述免洗型制剂被摩擦、喷射或直接涂敷到所要作用的表面上。 Typically, when you want to change through the application of the surface properties of the particles, the particles leave-on formulation is administered by the leave-on formulation is friction, sprayed or applied directly onto the desired surface effects. 适于将固体颗粒递送至毛发或皮肤表面的典型个人护理肤制剂包括例如润湿剂、洗剂、霜膏、松散或压紧的粉末、棒剂、滋补剂、凝胶和各种喷雾剂如气溶胶或泵式喷雾剂。 Adapted for delivering solid particles to the surface of the skin, hair or skin typical personal care formulations include wetting agents, for example, lotions, creams, loose or compacted powder, stick agents, tonics, gels and sprays, such as various aerosol or pump sprays. 这些产品典型地直接应用到表面上,在蒸发和干燥之后,通过组合物本身或通过组合物的残余非挥发组分,颗粒被沉积和保留在所述表面上。 These products are typically applied directly to the surface, after evaporation and drying, the residue itself, or by a non-volatile components of the composition, particles are deposited and retained on the surface by the composition.

还已知,可将固体颗粒有益剂配制为洗去型或清洗组合物如毛发漂洗剂、洗发香波、液体和条状香皂、调理剂或着色剂。 It is also known, the benefit agent may be formulated as solids or rinse-off cleansing compositions, such as hair rinses, shampoos, liquid soaps and strip, conditioning agents, or coloring agents. 固体颗粒有益剂常常被用来影响组合物本身的整体外观、稳定性或美观性。 Solid particle benefit agent is often used to affect the overall appearance of the composition itself, stability or aesthetics. 例如,众所周知,通过向组合物中加入着色剂颗粒、颜料或珠光剂能提高产品对潜在顾客的合意性和吸引力。 For example, it is known to the composition by adding a coloring agent particles, pigment or pearlescent agent to improve the product to potential customers desirability and attractiveness. 也已知加入颗粒有益剂能影响组合物的应用性能、外观或美学性质,或为使用者提供触觉信号。 Is also known to add particulate benefit agent can affect the application properties of the composition, appearance or aesthetic properties, or to provide a tactile signal to the user. 例如,剥落剂颗粒常被用于清洁组合物中,以改善磨损性和从洗涤表面除掉油和粉尘,并给使用者产生可察觉到的“擦洗”感觉。 For example, peeling agent particles often used in cleaning compositions in order to improve the wear resistance and remove oil and dust from the washing surface, and to user-generated appreciable "scrub" feel. 典型地,这些固体颗粒剂不旨在或不希望沉积到基质上,而是在组合物的稀释和漂洗过程中从它们所应用的表面上除去。 Typically, these solid granules are not intended or do not want to deposit onto the substrate, but is removed from the surface to which they are applied in the process of dilution and rinsing compositions.

但是,考虑到通过在表面应用和保留固体颗粒所递送的许多有益效果,非常希望使洗去型组合物能够将有效量的固体颗粒沉积到表面上,该表面用包含所需的固体颗粒有益剂的组合物处理过。 However, considering the surface by the application and retention of solid particles delivered many beneficial effects, is very desirable to rinse-off composition is capable of an effective amount of the solid particles are deposited onto the surface, the surface of solid particles containing the desired beneficial agent compositions processed. 用于将固体颗粒有益剂沉积到毛发或皮肤表面的组合物是已知的;然而沉积效率至今还不能令人满意,这需要在组合物中使用过量固体颗粒剂来影响递送,否则将得到轻微的或不可接受程度的有益效果。 The composition for solid particles depositing hair benefit agent or the surface of the skin is known; however, still unsatisfactory deposition efficiency, which requires delivery of the compositions used in excess to influence the solid granules, or will be slightly or unacceptable level of beneficial effect. 从用来清洁或洗涤表面的组合物中将固体颗粒有益剂有效沉积和保留到该表面上是特别困难的,所述组合物为例如香波或其它个人清洁产品,其包含表面活性剂和其它成分,所述其它成分用于从其处理过的表面溶解、悬浮和去除颗粒和油性物质。 From surface cleaning or washing compositions used in the solid particle benefit agent effective deposition and retention to the surface is particularly difficult, the composition, for example, shampoos or other personal cleansing products containing surfactants and other ingredients , the other components from the treated surface for dissolution and removal of suspended particles and oily substances. 虽然如此,仍非常希望通过使用简单的洗涤组合物来沉积固体颗粒有益剂,从而提供有益效果和方便性。 Nevertheless, still very much hope that by using a simple detergent composition benefit agent to deposit solid particles, thereby providing a beneficial effect and convenience.

已知包含阳离子聚合物以提高某些调理油如硅氧烷油的沉积性的清洁组合物,它们能给其处理过的表面赋予调理性或滑动特性。 It is known to contain certain cationic polymers to enhance deposition of the conditioning oil cleaning composition of silicone oil, which will give its treated surface conditioning or impart sliding properties. 然而这些调理油受限于它们提供的物理、光学和美学有益效果范围。 However, these conditioning oils is limited to physical, optical and aesthetic range of beneficial effects they provide. 另外,已知粘度、粒径和其它与调理油相关的因素能够显著影响它们从清洁组分中沉积的能力。 Further, it is known viscosity, particle size and other factors associated with conditioning oils can significantly affect their ability to deposition from the cleaning component. 还已知,可以将固体颗粒包含到含有阳离子聚合物的组合物中;然而,通常加入这些颗粒是为了改变组合物本身的外观或稳定性,并且这些颗粒不随同调理油或阳离子聚合物一起沉积到其处理过的表面。 It is also known, solid particles may be incorporated into compositions containing cationic polymer; however, these particles are typically added to change the composition itself or the stability of the appearance, and these particles are not deposited together along with oil, or cationic conditioning polymers its treated surface. 当固体颗粒有益剂从洗涤组合物中沉积时,目前可利用的组合物具有无效沉积的缺陷,这需要使用过量的颗粒剂,或该组合物具有无效的效果递送。 When the benefit agent deposition of solid particles from the detergent compositions, the compositions currently available with an invalid deposition defects, which requires the use of an excessive amount of granules, or the composition has an invalid effect delivery. 还已经尝试对固体颗粒有益剂作特殊的改进,以改善其从洗去型组合物中的沉积效率或保留;然而,这种方法不利地影响所使用的固体颗粒有益剂的内在特性、可获得性、使用性和成本。 It has also been attempting to solid particle benefit agent for a special enhancements to improve the efficiency of its deposit composition from a rinse-off or retention; however, this approach adversely affects the inherent characteristics of the solid particles of beneficial agents used, can be obtained , the use and cost.

因此,一直高度希望获得一种洗去型组合物,优选清洁组合物,其能够在其处理过的表面包含、有效沉积和保留固体颗粒有益剂。 Thus, it has been highly desirable to obtain a rinse-off composition, preferably cleaning composition, which can contain its treated surface, effective deposition and retention of the solid beneficial agent particles. 现已发现,当精选的阳离子聚合物用于本发明的清洁组合物时,它们能令人惊奇地提高固体颗粒有益剂在用其处理过的表面上的沉积和保留。 It has been found that when a cationic polymer selected for cleaning compositions of the present invention, they can be surprisingly beneficial agent to improve the solid particles on their surfaces treated with the deposition and retention.

发明概述本发明的第一实施方案涉及护发组合物,所述组合物包括: SUMMARY The present invention relates to a first embodiment of the hair care composition, said composition comprising:

(a)按重量计约0.1%至约10%的低熔点脂肪醇,其熔点为30℃或更低;(b)约0.01%至约10%的颗粒;(c)按重量计约0.1%至约10%的环氧乙烷、氧化丙烯以及它们的混合物的聚合物,其具有下式: (A) from about 0.1% by weight to about 10% of the low melting point fatty alcohol having a melting point of 30 ℃ or less; (b) from about 0.01% to about 10% of the particles; (c) from about 0.1% by weight to about 10% ethylene oxide, propylene oxide and polymer mixtures thereof, having the formula: 其中R选自H、甲基以及它们的混合物;n的平均值为约2,000至约14,000;(d)按重量计约0%至约20%的调理剂,其选自阳离子表面活性剂、阳离子聚合物、非挥发性硅氧烷、非挥发性烃、饱和C14至C22直链脂肪醇、非挥发性烃酯及其混和物;和(e)按重量计约50%至约99.8%的水。 Wherein R is selected from H, methyl, and mixtures thereof; n is an average value from about 2,000 to about 14,000; (d) from about 0% by weight to about 20% of a conditioning agent selected from cationic surfactants, cationic and (e) from about 50% by weight to about 99.8% water; polymers, nonvolatile silicones, nonvolatile hydrocarbons, saturated C14 to C22 straight chain fatty alcohols, nonvolatile hydrocarbon esters, and mixtures thereof .

本发明的第二实施方案涉及护发组合物,所述组合物按重量计包括:(a)约0.1%至约10.0%的酰氨基胺,其具有下式:R1CONH(CH2)mN(R2)2其中R1为具有约11至约24个碳原子的脂肪酸残基,R2为含有1至约4个碳原子的烷基,m为1至约4的整数;(b)约0.01%至约10.0%的酸;(c)约0.05%至约20%的高熔点化合物,其熔点为至少约25℃,选自脂肪醇、脂肪酸、脂肪醇衍生物、脂肪酸衍生物、烃、甾体化合物及其混和物;(d)约0.01%至约10%的颗粒;和(e)水;其中酰氨基胺与酸的摩尔比为约1∶0.3至约1∶1,且其中组合物基本上不含季铵化合物。 The second embodiment of the present invention relates to a hair care composition, said composition comprising by weight: (a) from about 0.1% to about 10.0% of amidoamines having the following formula: R1CONH (CH2) mN (R2) 2 wherein R1 is a fatty acid residues from about 11 to about 24 carbon atom number, R2 is an alkyl group containing from 1 to about 4 carbon atoms, m is an integer from 1 to about 4; (b) from about 0.01% to about 10.0 % of an acid; (c) from about 0.05% to about 20% of the high melting point compound having a melting point of at least about 25 ℃, selected from fatty alcohols, fatty acids, fatty alcohol derivatives, fatty acid derivatives, hydrocarbons, steroids and mixture; (d) from about 0.01% to about 10% of the particles; and (e) water; wherein the molar ratio of amidoamine to acid is from about 1:0.3 to about 1, and wherein the composition is substantially free quaternary ammonium compounds.

本发明的第三实施方案涉及护发组合物,所述组合物按重量计包括:a)约0.01%至约10%的中空颗粒; The third embodiment of the present invention relates to a hair care composition, said composition comprising by weight: a) from about 0.01% to about 10% of the hollow particles;

b)约0.1%至约10%的阳离子表面活性剂;和c)水。 b) from about 0.1% to about 10% of a cationic surfactant; and c) water.

本发明另外涉及使用调理剂组合物的方法。 The present invention additionally relates to a method conditioner compositions.

对于本领域技术人员来说,通过阅读本说明书的公开内容,本发明的这些和其它特征、方面和优点将变得显而易见。 For skilled in the art upon a reading of the disclosure of this specification, these and other features, aspects, and advantages of the invention will become apparent.

发明详述虽然本说明书通过特别指出并清楚地要求保护本发明的权利要求作出结论,但应该相信由下列说明可更好地理解本发明。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION While the specification particularly pointing out and distinctly claiming the claims of the present invention to make conclusions, but it is believed from the following description of the present invention will be better understood.

在第一实施方案中,本发明的调理剂组合物包括低熔点脂肪醇;颗粒;环氧乙烷、氧化丙烯以及它们的混合物的聚合物;调理剂和水。 In a first embodiment, the conditioner compositions of the present invention comprises a low melting point fatty alcohols; particles; polymers of ethylene oxide, propylene oxide and mixtures thereof; and water conditioning agents. 在第二实施方案中,本发明的调理剂组合物包括酰氨基胺、酸、高熔点化合物、颗粒和水。 In a second embodiment, the conditioning composition of the present invention include amidoamines, acid, high melting point compounds, particles and water. 在第三实施方案中,本发明的调理剂组合物包括颗粒、阳离子表面活性剂和水。 In a third embodiment, the conditioning composition of the present invention comprises particles, a cationic surfactant and water. 这些组分中的每一种,以及优选的或任选的组分在下面进行详细描述。 Each of these components, as well as preferred or optional components described in detail below.

除非另外指明,所有的百分比、份数和比率均以本发明的组合物的总重量计。 Unless otherwise specified, all composition percentages, parts and ratios are based on the total weight of the present invention. 关于所列成分的所有重量均是基于活性物质的含量,因此,除非另外指明,它们不包括可能包括在市售材料中的溶剂或副产物。 All ingredients are listed on weight are based on the active level and, therefore, unless otherwise indicated, they are not included in commercially available materials may include solvents or by-products.

除非另外指明,如本发明使用的所有分子量均是重均分子量,以克/摩尔表示。 Unless otherwise indicated, as used herein, all molecular weights are weight average molecular weight in grams / mole.

本文中,“包括”是指可加入不影响最终结果的其它步骤和其它成分。 Herein, "comprising" means that other steps may be added without affecting the final results, and other ingredients. 该术语包括“由...组成”和“基本上由...组成”。 The term includes "composed by a ..." and "... consisting essentially of." 本发明的组合物和方法可包括、由或基本上由基本成分和本发明所述的限制条件以及任何附加的或任选的成分、组分、步骤或所描述的限制条件组成。 The compositions and methods of the present invention may include, or consist essentially of the basic ingredients and limitations described herein and any additional or optional ingredients, components, steps, or limitations described components.

如本发明使用的术语“流体(fluid)”是指液体或气体,其易于以其容器的形状存在,容器即所述柔韧的中空颗粒的壁。 As used herein, the term "fluid (fluid)" refers to a liquid or gas, which is easy to shape of the container in its presence, i.e. the flexible container wall hollow particles.

本发明使用的术语“柔韧的(flexible)”是指本发明的中空颗粒易于压缩,但是当压力下降时所述中空颗粒将重新获得它们的原始体积。 The term as used herein, "flexible (flexible)" refers to hollow particles of the present invention is easy to compress, but when the pressure drop of the hollow particles will regain their original volume.

如本发明使用的术语“包封的流体(fluid-encapsulated)”是指本发明的中空颗粒在结构上是中空的。 As used herein, the term "enclosed fluid (fluid-encapsulated)" refers to hollow particles of the present invention are structurally hollow. 虽然如此,依照本发明,术语“结构上的中空”也允许中空颗粒中包含至少一种附加材料。 Nonetheless, according to the present invention, the term "structurally hollow" also allows the hollow particles comprise at least one additional material.

本发明使用的术语“中空的(hollow)”是指具有包封的区域的颗粒,所述区域基本上不含固体物质,包封的区域占颗粒总体积的10%至99.8%。 The term used herein "a hollow (hollow)" refers to particles having encapsulated region, the region is substantially free of solid matter, the encapsulated region accounts for 10 to 99.8% of the total volume of the particles.

如本发明使用的术语“可渗透的(permeable)”是指在给定条件下允许液体或气体通过的物质。 As used herein, the term "permeable (permeable)" refers to a liquid or gaseous substance allowed by under given conditions.

如本发明使用的术语“聚合物(polymer)”包括由一种类型的单体或两种类型的单体(即,共聚物)或更多种类型的单体聚合制得的物质。 As used herein, the term "polymer (polymer)" includes two types of monomer or monomers of one type (i.e., copolymers) or more types of monomers prepared substance.

如本发明使用的术语“固体(solid)”是指基本上没有空隙的颗粒。 As used herein, the term "a solid (solid)" refers to particles substantially without voids.

如本发明使用的术语“球体(sphere)”是指球状主体,其是在度量空间的点集,这些点到固定点的距离是近似恒定的。 As used herein, the term "spheres (sphere)" refers to the spherical body, which is the set of points in a metric space, the distance between the point to fixed point is approximately constant. 在此,“近似”是指所述固定点在±15%的距离之内。 Here, "approximately" means that the fixed points within ± 15% of the distance.

如本发明使用的术语适于应用于人类毛发是指所述组合物或如此描述的其组分适于用于与人类毛发和头皮和皮肤接触而没有不适当的毒性、不相容性、不稳定性、变应性反应等。 As used herein, the term means adapted to apply to human hair toxicity of the composition or components thereof so described is suitable for use with human hair and scalp and skin contact without undue, incompatibility, instability, allergic reactions.

如本发明使用的术语“水溶性的(water soluble)”是指所述聚合物在本发明组合物中的水中是溶解的。 As used herein, the term "water soluble (water soluble)" means that the polymer in the compositions of the present invention is water soluble. 一般而言,所述聚合物应当在25℃下,以按水溶剂重量计0.1%的浓度、优选1%的浓度、更优选5%的浓度、最优选15%的浓度溶解。 In general, the polymer should be at 25 ℃, to press the aqueous solvent concentration of 0.1% by weight, preferably 1% concentration, more preferably 5% concentration, most preferably 15% concentration dissolved.

所有引用的参考文献均全文引入本文以供参考。 All cited references are incorporated herein by reference. 任何文献的引用并不是对其作为要求保护的本发明的现有技术的可获得性的认可。 Citation of any document is not it as prior art to the claimed invention, the availability of recognition.

非挥发性低熔点脂肪醇在一个实施方案中,本发明组合物包括按重量计约0.1%至约10%、优选约0.1%至约5%、更优选约0.25%至约1%的非挥发性低熔点脂肪醇。 Nonvolatile low melting point fatty alcohol in one embodiment, the compositions of the present invention comprises from about 0.1% by weight to about 10%, preferably from about 0.1% to about 5%, and more preferably a non-volatile about 0.25% to about 1% low melting fatty alcohols.

该脂肪醇熔点为30℃或更低、优选约25℃或更低、更优选约22℃或更低。 The melting point is 30 ℃ fatty alcohol or less, preferably about 25 ℃ or less, more preferably about 22 ℃ or lower.

该不饱和脂肪醇还是不挥发的。 The unsaturated fatty alcohol or non-volatile. 不挥发是指在1.0个大气压下,它们的沸点为至少约260℃、优选至少约275℃、更优选至少约300℃。 Non-volatile means that at 1.0 atmospheres, their boiling points of at least about 260 ℃, preferably at least about 275 ℃, more preferably at least about 300 ℃.

合适的脂肪醇包括包括不饱和一元直链脂肪醇、饱和支链脂肪醇、饱和C8-C12直链脂肪醇及其混和物。 Suitable fatty alcohols include unsaturated monocarboxylic include straight chain fatty alcohols, saturated branched chain fatty alcohols, saturated C8-C12 straight chain fatty alcohols, and mixtures thereof. 不饱和直链脂肪醇典型地具有一个不饱和度。 Unsaturated straight chain fatty alcohols will typically have one degree of unsaturation. 二和三不饱和烯基链可能少量存在,其含量按不饱和直链脂肪醇总重量计优选小于约5%、更优选小于约2%、最优选小于约1%。 Di- and tri-unsaturated alkenyl chains may be present in small amounts, at levels of unsaturated straight chain aliphatic total weight of preferably less than about 5%, more preferably less than about 2%, most preferably less than about 1%.

优选地,不饱和直链脂肪醇的脂肪链长度为C12-C22、更优选C12-C18、最优选C16-C18。 Preferably, the unsaturated straight chain fatty alcohols of the aliphatic chain length C12-C22, more preferably C12-C18, most preferably C16-C18. 尤其优选的这类醇包括油醇和棕榈油醇。 Particularly preferred such alcohols include oleyl alcohol, and palmitoleic alcohol.

典型地,支链醇的脂肪链长度为C12-C22、优选C14-C20、更优选C16-C18。 Typically, the branched fatty alcohol chain length of C12-C22, preferably C14-C20, more preferably C16-C18. 本发明所用的示例性支链醇包括异硬脂醇、辛基十二烷醇和辛基癸醇。 Exemplary branched chain alcohols in the present invention include isostearyl alcohol, octyl dodecanol, and octyl decanol.

饱和C8-C12支链醇的实例包括辛醇、辛醇、癸醇和月桂醇。 Examples of saturated C8-C12 branched alcohols include octanol, octanol, decanol and lauryl alcohol.

本发明的低熔点脂肪醇的用量按组合物重量计为约0.1%至约10%、更优选约0.1%至约5%、最优选约0.25%至约1%。 Low melting point fatty alcohols of the present invention in an amount by weight of the composition is from about 0.1% to about 10%, more preferably from about 0.1% to about 5%, most preferably from about 0.25% to about 1%.

本发明组合物优选限制一元饱和直链脂肪醇的含量,所述醇为例如鲸蜡醇和硬脂醇,和其它熔点高于45℃的蜡状脂肪醇,所述含量按组合物重量计不大于约5%、优选不大于约4%,因为这样的蜡状脂肪醇的存在会不利地影响本发明的光泽效果。 The composition of the present invention preferably limits monohydric saturated straight chain fatty alcohol content of the alcohol, for example, cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol, and other waxy fatty alcohols is higher than a melting point of 45 ℃, the content by weight of the composition is not greater than about 5%, preferably no more than about 4%, because of the presence of such waxy fatty alcohols can adversely affect the gloss effect of the present invention. 然而,为了调理效果,可能希望使用蜡状脂肪醇。 However, for the conditioning effect, it may be desirable to use waxy fatty alcohols.

颗粒本发明组合物包括颗粒。 Composite particles comprising particles of the present invention. 各种形状和密度的水不溶解的固体颗粒是有用的。 Of various shapes and densities of water insoluble solid particles are useful. 在优选实施方案中,颗粒趋向于为球状、椭圆的、不规则的或任意其它形状,其中最大尺寸与最小尺寸的比率(定义为纵横比)小于10。 In a preferred embodiment, the particles tend to be spherical, elliptical, irregular, or any other shape, wherein the largest dimension and the smallest dimension ratio (defined as the aspect ratio) is less than 10. 更优选地,颗粒的纵横比小于8。 More preferably aspect, the particles is less than 8. 还更优选地,颗粒的纵横比小于5。 Aspect Still more preferably, the particle is less than 5.

然而,已发现纵横比大于10的颗粒也是有用的,只要它们在包括于含水调理剂组合物中时保持为聚集的颗粒堆叠或单独颗粒的堆叠。 However, it has been found useful in the aspect ratio is larger than the particles 10, as long as they remain at conditioner included in the aqueous composition as aggregated particles stack or stack of individual particles. 这些颗粒的非限制性实例有Laponite SCPX-2549和Gelwhite H NF,得自Southern ClayProducts Inc.;Flamenco Ultra Silk 2500和Timica Silkwhite 110W,得自Engelehard Corp。 Non-limiting examples of these particles are Laponite SCPX-2549 and Gelwhite H NF, available from Southern ClayProducts Inc.; Flamenco Ultra Silk 2500 and Timica Silkwhite 110W, available from Engelehard Corp.

组合物中可用于本发明的颗粒可以是天然的、合成的或半合成的。 Granular compositions useful in the present invention may be natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic. 混合颗粒也是有用的。 Hybrid particles are also useful. 合成颗粒可由或交联的或非交联的聚合物制得。 Or synthetic particles may be crosslinked or non-crosslinked polymers, too. 本发明的颗粒可具有表面电荷,或它们的表面可用有机或无机材料如表面活性剂、聚合物和无机材料改性。 Particles of the present invention can have surface charges or their surface can be organic or inorganic materials such as surfactants, polymers and inorganic modified material. 颗粒复合物也是有用的。 Composite particles are also useful.

天然颗粒的非限制性实例包括各种亲水或疏水形式的沉淀二氧化硅颗粒,以商品名Sipernet得自Degussa-Huls。 Non-limiting examples of natural particles include various forms of hydrophilic or hydrophobic precipitated silica particles, under the trade name Sipernet available from Degussa-Huls.

Snowtex胶态二氧化硅颗粒得自Nissan Chemical America Corporation。 Snowtex colloidal silica particles available from Nissan Chemical America Corporation.

合成颗粒的实例包括尼龙、硅氧烷树脂、聚(甲基)丙烯酸酯、聚乙烯、聚酯、聚丙烯、聚苯乙烯、聚氨酯、聚酰胺、环氧树脂、脲醛树脂和丙烯酸粉末。 Examples of synthetic particles include nylon, silicone resins, poly (meth) acrylates, polyethylene, polyester, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyurethane, polyamide, epoxy resins, urea resins, and acrylic powders. 有用的颗粒的非限制性实例是Microease 110S、114S、116(微粉化合成蜡),Micropoly 210、250S(微粉化聚乙烯),Microslip(微粉化聚四氟乙烯),和Microsilk(聚乙烯和聚四氟乙烯的组合),所有这些物质都得自MicroPowder,Inc.。 Non-limiting examples of useful particles are Microease 110S, 114S, 116 (micronized synthetic waxes), Micropoly 210,250S (micronized polyethylene), Microslip (micronized polytetrafluoroethylene), and Microsilk (polyethylene and combination tetrafluoroethylene), all of which were obtained from MicroPowder, Inc .. 其它实施例包括Luna(光滑二氧化硅颗粒)颗粒,得自Phenomenex;MP-2200(聚异丁烯酸甲酯)、EA-209(乙烯/丙烯酸酯共聚物)、SP-501(尼龙-12)、ES-830(聚异丁烯酸甲酯)、BPD-800、BPD-500(聚氨酯)颗粒,得自Kobo Products,Inc.;和以商品名Tospearl颗粒得自GE Silicones的硅氧烷树脂。 Other embodiments include Luna (smooth silica particles) particles available from Phenomenex; MP-2200 (polymethyl methacrylate), EA-209 (ethylene / acrylate copolymer), SP-501 (nylon-12), ES-830 (polymethyl methacrylate), BPD-800, BPD-500 (polyurethane) particles available from Kobo Products, Inc .; and trade name Tospearl particles from GE Silicones silicone resin. Ganzpearl GS-0605交联的聚苯乙烯(得自Presperse)也是有用的。 Ganzpearl GS-0605 crosslinked polystyrene (available from Presperse) is also useful.

混合颗粒的非限制性实例包括Ganzpearl GSC-30SR(绢云母和交联聚苯乙烯混合粉末),和SM-1000、SM-200(云母和二氧化硅混合粉末,得自Presperse)。 Non-limiting examples of hybrid particles include Ganzpearl GSC-30SR (Sericite and crosslinked polystyrene hybrid powder), and SM-1000, SM-200 (mica and silica hybrid powder available from Presperse).

在本发明的一个实施方案中,可用于调理剂组合物中的颗粒是中空颗粒。 In one embodiment of the present invention can be used in conditioning composition of the particles are hollow particles. 在优选的实施方案中,中空颗粒为包封流体的柔韧的微球体。 In a preferred embodiment, the hollow particles are flexible fluid encapsulated microspheres. 该微球体是在结构上是中空的,然而,它们也可包括各种流体,其包括液体和气体以及它们的异构体。 The microspheres are structurally hollow, however, they may also include various fluids, including liquids and gases and their isomers. 气体包括但不限于丁烷、戊烷、空气、氮、氧、二氧化碳和二甲基醚。 Gases include, but are not limited to butane, pentane, air, nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and dimethyl ether. 如果使用了液体,液体也仅是部分地填充微球体。 If a liquid which is only partially filled microspheres. 液体包括水和任何相容的溶剂。 Liquids include water and any compatible solvent. 液体也可包含维生素、氨基酸、蛋白质和蛋白质衍生物、草本植物提取物、颜料、染料、抗微生物剂、螯合剂、紫外线吸收剂、荧光增白剂、硅氧烷化合物、香料、通常是水溶性的湿润剂、通常是水不溶解的附加的调理剂以及它们的混合物。 Liquid may also comprise vitamins, amino acids, proteins and protein derivatives, herbal extracts, pigments, dyes, anti-microbial agents, chelating agents, UV absorbers, optical brighteners, silicone compounds, perfumes, typically a water-soluble humectants, usually water insoluble additional conditioning agents, and mixtures thereof. 在一个实施方案中,水溶性组分为优选的被包裹物质。 In one embodiment, the water-soluble component is preferably wrapped material. 在另一个实施方案中,选自维生素、氨基酸、蛋白质、蛋白质衍生物、草本植物提取物以及它们的混合物的组分为优选的被包裹物质。 In another embodiment, is selected from the group of vitamins, amino acids, proteins, protein derivatives, herbal extracts, and mixtures thereof into the preferred material is wrapped. 在另一个实施方案中,选自维生素E、泛基乙基醚、泛醇、何首乌提取物以及它们的混合物的组分为优选的被包裹物质。 In another embodiment, selected from vitamin E, the Pan-ethyl ether, panthenol, Polygonum extract group thereof, and mixtures thereof into the preferred material is wrapped.

本发明的颗粒可具有表面电荷,或它们的表面可被有机或无机材料如表面活性剂、聚合物和无机材料改性。 Particles of the present invention can have surface charges or their surface can be organic or inorganic materials such as surfactants, polymers and inorganic modified material. 颗粒复合物也是有用的。 Composite particles are also useful. 包封气体的微球体复合物的非限制性实例是DSPCS-I2TM(二氧化硅改性的乙烯/异丁烯酸酯共聚物微球体)和SPCAT-I2TM(滑石改性的乙烯/异丁烯酸酯共聚物微球体)。 Non-limiting examples of encapsulated gas microspheres composite is DSPCS-I2TM (silica-modified ethylene / methacrylate copolymer microsphere) and SPCAT-I2TM (talc-modified ethylene / methacrylate copolymer microspheres). 这两种物质都得自Kobo Products,Inc.。 These two substances were obtained from Kobo Products, Inc ..

颗粒的表面可以通过静电发展而荷电,或以各种直接地或通过短的、长的或支链烷基基团连接的离子基团的连接而荷电。 Surface of the particles can be charged by an electrostatic development, or in various directly or through a short connecting long or branched alkyl group attached ionic groups and charged. 表面电荷性质上可以是阴离子的、阳离子的、两性离子的或两性的。 On the nature of the surface charge can be anionic, cationic, zwitterionic or amphoteric.

本发明颗粒的壁可由热塑性材料制得。 Particles of this invention may be a thermoplastic material prepared wall. 该热塑性材料可以是选自如下物质的至少一种单体的聚合物或共聚物:丙烯酸酯、异丁烯酸酯、苯乙烯、取代苯乙烯、不饱和二卤化物、丙烯腈、异丁烯腈。 The thermoplastic material may be a material selected from at least one monomer of a polymer or copolymer of: acrylates, methacrylates, styrene, substituted styrenes, unsaturated dicarboxylic halides, acrylonitrile, methacrylonitrile. 该热塑性材料可包含酰胺、酯、尿烷、脲、醚、碳酸酯、缩醛、硫化物、磷酸酯、膦酸酯和硅氧烷连接物。 The thermoplastic material may comprise an amide, ester, urethane, urea, ether, carbonate, acetal, sulfide, phosphate, phosphonate and silicone linker. 中空颗粒可包括1%至60%的得自1,1-二氯乙烯的重复结构单元、20%至90%的得自丙烯腈的重复结构单元和1%至50%的得自(甲基)丙烯酸单体的重复结构单元,其百分比总和(按重量计)等于100。 Hollow particles may comprise 1-60% was obtained from 1,1-dichloroethylene repeating structural units, 20-90% of the repeating structural units obtained from acrylonitrile and 1-50% obtained from (meth ) repeating structural units of acrylic monomer, the sum of the percentage (by weight) equal to 100. (甲基)丙烯酸单体是例如丙烯酸甲酯或异丁烯酸甲酯,尤其是异丁烯酸甲酯。 (Meth) acrylic monomer, for example, methyl acrylate or methyl methacrylate, especially methyl methacrylate. 优选地,颗粒由至少一种选自扩展的或非扩展的1,1-二氯乙烯、丙烯酸、苯乙烯和(甲基)丙烯腈的单体的聚合物或共聚物组成。 Preferably, the polymer or copolymer particles selected from at least one extension or expansion of vinylidene chloride, acrylic acid, styrene and (meth) acrylonitrile monomer composition. 更优选地,该颗粒由丙烯腈和异丁烯腈的共聚物组成。 More preferably, the particles are composed of acrylonitrile and methacrylonitrile copolymer.

也可以使用由得自酯例如乙酸乙烯酯或乳酸乙烯酯,或酸例如衣康酸、柠康酸、马来酸或富马酸的聚合物和共聚物组成的颗粒。 You can also use particles made from esters such as vinyl acetate or lactate, vinyl ester, or an acid such as itaconic acid, citraconic acid, maleic acid or fumaric acid polymers and copolymers. 在这方面,参见日本专利申请JP-A-2-112304,其全部公开内容引入本发明以供参考。 In this regard, see Japanese Patent Application JP-A-2-112304, the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.

市售的合适的颗粒的非限制性实例是551DE(粒径范围为约30至50μm和密度为约42kg/m3、551DE 20(粒径范围为约15至25μm和密度为约60kg/m3)、461DE(粒径范围为约20至40μm和密度为60kg/m3)、551DE 80(粒径为约50至80μm和密度为约42kg/m3)、091DE(粒径范围为约35至55μm和密度为约30kg/m3),所有这些物质均由Akzo Nobel以商品名EXPANCELTM出售。其它适用于本发明的颗粒的实施例是以商标DUALITE和MICROPEARLTM系列微球体出售的,得自Pierce & Stevens Corporation。尤其优选的中空颗粒是091DE和551DE 50。本发明的中空颗粒或以干燥的或是水合物状态存在。前述颗粒是无毒的和对皮肤无刺激。 Non-limiting examples of suitable commercially available particles is 551DE (particle size range of about 30 to 50μm and a density of approximately 42kg / m3,551DE 20 (particle size range of about 15 to 25μm and a density of approximately 60kg / m3), 461DE (particle size range of about 20 to 40μm and a density of 60kg / m3), 551DE 80 (particle size of about 50 to 80μm and a density of approximately 42kg / m3), 091DE (particle size range of about 35 to 55μm and density approximately 30kg / m3), all of these substances by Akzo Nobel sold under the trade name EXPANCELTM other embodiments are applicable to particles of the present invention is a trademark DUALITE and MICROPEARLTM series microspheres sold from Pierce & amp;. Stevens Corporation. Particularly preferred hollow particles and hollow particles are 091DE 551DE 50. The present invention or a dry or hydrate state. aforementioned particles are non-toxic and non-irritating to the skin.

有用于本发明的中空颗粒可通过,例如,描述于EP-56,219、EP-348,372、EP-486,080、EP-320,473、EP-112,807和美国专利3,615,972中的方法制备,所有这些文献均引入本发明以供参考。 Hollow particles used in the present invention can be produced by, for example, EP-56,219, EP-348,372, EP-486,080, EP-320,473, EP-112,807 Preparation of U.S. Patent 3,615,972 and are described, all of which are incorporated herein for reference.

可供选择地,有用于本发明的中空颗粒的壁可由无机材料形成。 Alternatively, there is a wall for the hollow particles of the present invention may be an inorganic material. 该无机材料可以是二氧化硅、碱石灰硼硅酸盐玻璃、二氧化硅-矾土陶瓷或碱性硅铝酸盐陶瓷。 The inorganic material may be silica, soda lime borosilicate glass, silica - alumina alkali aluminosilicate ceramic, or ceramic. 市售的合适的低密度无机颗粒的非限制性实例是H50/10,000EPX(粒径范围为约20至60μm)、S38(粒径范围为约15至65μm)、W-210(粒径范围为约1至12μm)、W-410(粒径范围为约1至24μm)、W-610(粒径范围为约1至40μm)、G-200(粒径范围为约1至12μm)、G-400(粒径范围为约1至24μm)、G-600(粒径范围为约1至40μm),所有这些物质以商标3MTMScotchliteTMGlass Bubbles、3MTMZeeospheresTM陶瓷微球体和3MTMZ-LightSpheresTM陶瓷微球体出售。 Non-limiting examples of suitable commercially available low density inorganic particles is H50 / 10,000EPX (particle size range of from about 20 to 60μm), S38 (particle size range of from about 15 to 65μm), W-210 (particle size range from about 1 to 12μm), W-410 (particle size range of from about 1 to 24μm), W-610 (particle size range of from about 1 to 40μm), G-200 (particle size range of from about 1 to 12μm), G- 400 (particle size range from about 1 to 24μm), G-600 (particle size range from about 1 to 40μm), all of which the trademark 3MTMScotchliteTMGlass Bubbles, 3MTMZeeospheresTM ceramic microspheres and 3MTMZ-LightSpheresTM ceramic microspheres sold. 还有用的是Silica shells(平均粒径3μm),得自KOBO Products,和LUXSILTM(3-13μm平均直径),得自PQ Corporation。 Also useful are Silica shells (average particle size 3μm), available from KOBO Products, and LUXSILTM (3-13μm mean diameter), available from PQ Corporation.

优选地,本发明颗粒的粒径小于100μm。 Preferably, the particle diameter of the particles of the present invention is less than 100μm. 更优选地,本发明颗粒的粒径小于80μm。 More preferably, the particle diameter of the particles of the present invention is less than 80μm. 还更优选地,本发明颗粒的粒径小于60μm。 Still more preferably, the particle diameter of the particles of the present invention is less than 60μm.

本发明颗粒的粒径优选为0.1μm或更大。 The present invention is preferably 0.1μm particle diameter or greater. 优选地,颗粒的粒径大于约0.5μm。 Preferably, the particle size of greater than about 0.5μm. 更优选地,本发明颗粒的粒径大于1μm。 More preferably, the particle diameter of the particles of the present invention is greater than 1μm. 还更优选地,本发明颗粒的粒径大于2μm。 Still more preferably, the particle diameter of the particles of the present invention is greater than 2μm. 甚至更优选地,本发明颗粒的粒径大于约3μm。 Even more preferably, the particle size, the particles of the present invention is greater than about 3μm. 还更优选地,本发明颗粒的粒径大于约4μm。 Still more preferably, the particle diameter of the particles of the present invention is greater than about 4μm.

优选地,颗粒直径范围为约1μm至约70μm、还更优选约2μm至约65μm、甚至更优选约2μm至约60μm。 Preferably, the particle diameter in the range of about 1μm to about 70μm, still more preferably from about 2μm to about 65μm, and even more preferably from about 2μm to about 60μm.

优选地,有以于本发明的中空颗粒的壁是柔韧的。 Preferably, there are particles in the hollow walls of the present invention is flexible. 本发明所使用的“柔韧的”是指中空颗粒易于压缩。 "Flexible" means hollow particles used in the present invention is easy to compress. 当压力下降时,中空颗粒将重新恢复它们的原始体积。 When the pressure drops, the hollow particles will regain their original volume. 柔韧的中空颗粒能在应用的压力下或由于温度改变导致的热膨胀和收缩而改变它们的形状。 Flexible hollow particles can be applied under pressure or due to temperature changes due to thermal expansion and contraction change their shape. 因此,颗粒能在热作用下膨胀。 Thus, the particles can swell under heat.

本发明的颗粒可以是可渗透的或不可渗透的。 Particles of the present invention may be permeable or impermeable. 如本发明使用的“可渗透的”是指它们允许液体或气体在给定条件下通过。 As used herein, "permeable" means that they allow liquid or gas under the given conditions by. 优选地,本发明颗粒中的大部分在调理剂组合物的正常使用过程中将保持结构完整性。 Preferably, the particles of the present invention will be most maintain structural integrity during normal use in conditioner compositions. 更优选地,在调理剂组合物的正常使用过程中基本上所有的颗粒保持结构完整性。 More preferably, in the normal course of conditioning composition of substantially all of the particles maintain structural integrity.

优选的颗粒也将具有物理性质,所述性质不被组合物的典型加工显著影响。 Preferred particles will also have physical properties, the properties are not significantly affected by typical processing of the composition. 优选地,使用熔点大于约70℃的颗粒。 Preferably, the melting point of particles larger than about 70 ℃. 还更优选地,使用熔点大于80℃、优选大于约95℃的颗粒。 Still more preferably, a melting point of greater than 80 ℃, preferably greater than about 95 ℃ of particles. 如本发明使用,熔点将是指颗粒转变成液体或流体状态或发生显著变形或物理性质改变时的温度。 As used herein, the melting point is the temperature will change the particles into a liquid or fluid state or a significant change in the physical properties of deformed or when. 此外,许多本发明的颗粒是交联的或具有交联的表面膜。 In addition, many particles of the present invention is cross-linked or having a crosslinked surface film. 这些颗粒不具有清楚的熔点。 These particles do not have a clear melting point. 只要交联颗粒在用于制造组合物的加工和储存条件下是稳定的,它们也是有用的。 Just crosslinked particles in the composition used in the manufacture, processing and storage conditions are stable, they are also useful.

本发明组合物按重量计包括至少0.01%的颗粒。 The composition according to the present invention comprises at least 0.01% by weight of the particles. 优选地,本发明组合物按重量计包括至少0.025%的颗粒、更优选至少0.1%、还更优选至少0.2%、甚至更优选至少0.5%的中空颗粒。 Preferably, the compositions of the present invention comprises, by weight, of particles of at least 0.025%, more preferably at least 0.1%, still more preferably at least 0.2%, even more preferably at least 0.5% of the hollow particles. 在本发明的组合物中,优选地掺入按重量计不多于约20%、更优选不多于约10%、还更优选不多于5%、甚至更优选不多于2%的颗粒。 In the compositions of the present invention, preferably incorporated, by weight more than about 20%, more preferably not more than about 10%, still more preferably not more than 5%, even more preferably not more than 2% of the particles .

环氧乙烷和氧化丙烯的水溶性非离子聚合物在一个实施方案中,本发明组合物包括约0.1%至约10%、更优选约0.2%至约5%、最优选约0.5%至约3%的环氧乙烷和/或氧化丙烯的聚合物。 Ethylene oxide and propylene oxide water-soluble nonionic polymer in one embodiment, the composition of the present invention comprises from about 0.1% to about 10%, more preferably from about 0.2% to about 5%, most preferably from about 0.5% to about 3% of the ethylene oxide and / or propylene oxide polymer.

本发明聚合物的特征在于下式: Polymers of the present invention is characterized in that the following formula: 其中R选自H、甲基以及它们的混合物。 Wherein R is selected from H, methyl, and mixtures thereof. 当R为H时,这些物质为环氧乙烷的聚合物,也被称为聚环氧乙烷、聚氧乙烯和聚乙二醇。 When R is H, these materials are polymers of ethylene oxide, also known as polyethylene oxide, polypropylene oxide and polyethylene glycol.

当R为甲基时,这些物质为氧化丙烯的聚合物,也被称为聚氧化丙烯、聚氧丙烯和聚丙二醇。 When R is methyl, these materials are polymers of propylene oxide, also known as polypropylene oxide, polypropylene oxide and polypropylene glycol. 当R为甲基时,还应理解可存在所得聚合物的各种位置异构体。 When R is methyl, but also various positional isomers of the resulting polymers may be present understanding.

在上述结构中,n的平均值为约2,000至约14,000、优选约5,000至约9,000、更优选约6,000至约8,000。 In the above structure, the average value of n is from about 2,000 to about 14,000, preferably from about 5,000 to about 9,000, more preferably from about 6,000 to about 8,000.

可用于本发明的聚乙二醇聚合物尤其优选是PEG-2M,其中R为H,n的平均值为约2,000(PEG 2-M也被称为Polyox WSRN-10,得自UnionCarbide,也被称为PEG-2,000);PEG-5M,其中R为H,n的平均值为约5,000(PEG 5-M也被称为Polyox WSRN-35和Polyox WSRN-80,都得自Union Carbide,也被称为PEG-5,000和Polyethylene Glycol 300,000);PEG-7M,其中R为H,n的平均值为约7,000(PEG 7-M也被称为Polyox WSRN-750,得自Union Carbide);PEG-9M,其中R为H,n的平均值为约9,000(PEG9-M也被称为Polyox WSRN-3333,得自Union Carbide);PEG-14M,其中R为H,n的平均值为约14,000(PEG 14-M也被称为Polyox WSRN-3000,得自Union Carbide)。 Polyethylene glycol polymers useful in the present invention is particularly preferably PEG-2M, wherein R is H, n is an average value of about 2,000 (PEG 2-M is also known as Polyox WSRN-10, available from UnionCarbide, also known as PEG-2,000); PEG-5M, wherein R is H, n is an average value of about 5,000 (PEG 5-M is also known as Polyox WSRN-35 and Polyox WSRN-80, had from Union Carbide, also known as PEG-5,000 and Polyethylene Glycol 300,000); PEG-7M, wherein R is H, n is an average value of about 7,000 (PEG 7-M is also known as Polyox WSRN-750, to give from Union Carbide); PEG-9M, wherein R is H, n is an average value of about 9,000 (PEG9-M is also known as Polyox WSRN-3333, available from Union Carbide); PEG-14M, wherein R is H , average of n is from about 14,000 (PEG 14-M is also known as Polyox WSRN-3000, available from Union Carbide).

其它有用的聚合物包括聚丙二醇和混合的聚乙二醇/聚丙二醇。 Other useful polymers include polyethylene glycol and mixed polyethylene / polypropylene glycol.

在本说明书的这一部分所述的所有百分比都是按重量计,除非另外指明。 In this part of the specification of all percentages are by weight, unless otherwise indicated.

水本发明组合物包括水。 Composition of the water of the present invention comprises water. 优选地,它们按重量计包括约50%至约99.8%的水。 Preferably, they comprise, by weight, from about 50% to about 99.8% water. 水相可任选地包括其它液体、水可混溶的或水溶性的溶剂如低级烷基醇,例如C1-C5烷基一元醇、优选C2-C3烷基醇。 The aqueous phase may optionally include other liquid, water-soluble or water-miscible solvents such as lower alkyl alcohols, e.g., C1-C5 alkyl monohydric alcohols, preferably C2-C3 alkyl alcohols. 但是,液体脂肪醇必须在组合物的水相内可混溶。 However, the liquid must be miscible alcohols in the aqueous phase of the composition. 所述脂肪醇在水相中为天然混溶的,或通过使用共溶剂或表面活性剂而具有混溶性。 By the use of co-solvents or fatty alcohol surfactant having a miscibility in the aqueous phase of a natural miscible, or.

本发明的组合物为乳液,其粘度在25℃时为至少约5,000cP、优选约8,000cP至约50,000cP、更优选约15,000cP至约35,000cP。 The compositions of the invention is an emulsion, the viscosity at 25 ℃ as at least about 5,000cP, preferably from about 8,000cP to about 50,000cP, more preferably from about 15,000cP to about 35,000cP. 粘度是由Brookfield RVT在转速为20RPM时测定的。 Brookfield RVT viscosity is measured at the speed of 20RPM.

本发明组合物的pH优选为约2.5至约7、更优选约3至约6.8、最优选约3.5至约6.5。 The composition of the present invention preferably has a pH of about 2.5 to about 7, more preferably from about 3 to about 6.8, and most preferably from about 3.5 to about 6.5. 可以使用较高的pH,只要组合物的粘度在25℃时保持为至少约8,000cP。 You can use a higher pH, as long as the viscosity of the composition is maintained at at least about 25 ℃, 8,000cP.

酰氨基胺在另一个实施方案中,本发明组合物包括按重量计约0.1%至约10.0%、优选约0.4%至约5.0%、更优选约1.0%至约3.0%的酰氨基胺,其具有下式:R1CONH(CH2)mN(R2)2其中R1为具有约11至约24个碳原子的脂肪酸残基,R2为具有1至约4个碳原子的烷基,m为1至约4的整数。 Amidoamine In another embodiment, the compositions of the present invention comprises from about 0.1% by weight to about 10.0%, preferably from about 0.4% to about 5.0%, more preferably from about 1.0% to about 3.0% of the amidoamine, which having the formula: R1CONH (CH2) mN (R2) 2 wherein R1 having from about 11 to about 24 carbon atoms, a fatty acid residue, R2 is an alkyl group having 1 to about 4 carbon atoms, m is 1 to about 4 integer.

可用于本发明的优选酰氨基胺包括硬脂酰氨基丙基二甲胺、硬脂酰氨基丙基二乙基胺、硬脂酰氨基乙基二乙基胺、硬脂酰氨基乙基二甲基胺、棕榈酰氨基丙基二甲基胺、棕榈酰氨基丙基二乙基胺、棕榈酰氨基乙基二乙基胺、棕榈酰氨基乙基二甲基胺、二十二烷酰氨基丙基二甲基胺、二十二烷酰氨基丙基二乙基胺、二十二烷酰氨基乙基二乙基胺、二十二烷酰氨基乙基二甲基胺、二十烷酰氨基丙基二甲基胺、二十烷酰氨基丙基二乙基胺、二十烷酰氨基乙基二乙基胺、二十烷酰氨基乙基二甲基胺,以及它们的混合物;更优选硬脂酰氨基丙基二甲胺、硬脂酰氨基乙基二乙基胺,以及它们的混合物。 Can be used in the present invention is preferably amido amines include stearyl amidopropyl dimethylamine, diethyl stearyl amido propyl amine, stearyl amido ethyl-diethyl amine, dimethyl stearyl amido ethyl- amine, palmityl amido propyl dimethyl amine, palmityl amido propyl dimethyl ethyl amine, palmityl amido ethyl-diethyl amine, palmityl amido ethyl dimethyl amine, behenic amido propyl dimethyl amine, behenic amido propyl diethylamine, behenic amido ethyl-diethylamine, behenic amido ethyl dimethyl amine, eicosyl amido propyl dimethyl amine, eicosyl diethyl amido propyl amine, eicosyl amido ethyl dihydroxy ethyl amine, eicosyl amido ethyl dimethyl amine, and mixtures thereof; more preferably stearyl amidopropyl dimethylamine, stearyl amido ethyl-diethyl amine, and mixtures thereof.

适用于本发明的市售酰氨基胺包括:硬脂酰氨基丙基二甲胺,商品名为LEXAMINE S-13,得自Inolex(Philadelphia Pennsylvania,USA);和AMIDOAMINE MSP,得自Nikko(Tokyo,Japan);硬脂酰氨基乙基二乙基胺,商品名为AMIDOAMINE S,得自Nikko;二十二烷酰氨基丙基二甲基胺,商品名为INCROMINE BB,得自Croda(North Humberside,England);和各种酰氨基胺,其商品名为SCHERCODINE系列,得自Scher(Clfiton NewJersey,USA)。 Useful in the present invention are commercially available amidoamines include: stearyl amidopropyl dimethylamine, tradename LEXAMINE S-13, available from Inolex (Philadelphia Pennsylvania, USA); and AMIDOAMINE MSP, available from Nikko (Tokyo, Japan); stearyl amido ethyl-diethylamine, tradename AMIDOAMINE S, available from Nikko; behenic amido propyl dimethyl amine, tradename INCROMINE BB, available from Croda (North Humberside, England); and various amidoamines, under the trade name SCHERCODINE series available from Scher (Clfiton NewJersey, USA).

酸在另一个实施方案中,本发明组合物包括按重量计约0.01%至约10.0%、优选约0.05%至约2.0%、更优选约0.2%至约1.5%、还更优选约0.3%至约1.0%的酸。 Acid In another embodiment, the compositions of the present invention comprises from about 0.01% by weight to about 10.0%, preferably from about 0.05% to about 2.0%, more preferably from about 0.2% to about 1.5%, still more preferably from about 0.3% to about 1.0% of the acid. 所包括的酸的含量还可使得酰氨基胺与酸的摩尔比为约1∶0.3至约1∶1,优选约1∶0.5至约1∶0.9。 Acid content is also included so that amidoamine to acid molar ratio of about 0.3 to about 1, preferably from about 0.5 to about 0.9.

可用于本发明的酸可以是本发明技术人员使用的任意酸,包括有机酸和无机酸。 The acid can be used in the present invention may be any acid of the present invention used in the art, including organic and inorganic acids. 酸的非限制性实例包括L-谷氨酸、乳酸、盐酸、苹果酸、琥珀酸、乙酸、富马酸、L-谷氨酸盐酸盐、酒石酸,以及它们的混合物;优选L-谷氨酸、乳酸、盐酸,以及它们的混合物。 Non-limiting examples include acids L- glutamic acid, lactic acid, hydrochloric acid, malic acid, succinic acid, acetic acid, fumaric acid, L- glutamic acid hydrochloride, tartaric acid, and mixtures thereof; preferably L- glutamine acid, lactic acid, hydrochloric acid, and mixtures thereof.

可用于本发明的市售酸为那些具有与其化合物名称相同的商品名的酸,其包括:L-GLUTAMIC ACID(化妆品级),得自Ajinomoto(Tokyo,Japan);CITRIC ACID(USP),得自Roche(Nutley New Jersey,USA);ANHYDROUSCITRIC ACID,得自Harrmann & Reimer(Springfield New Jersey,USA);MALIC ACID,得自Kyowa Hakko(Tokyo,Japan)和Fuso Kagaku(Osaka,Japan);和乳酸,商品名为UNICHEM LACA,得自UPI。 Can be used in the present invention are commercially available acid to the same trade name of acid compound that has its name, which include: L-GLUTAMIC ACID (cosmetic grade), available from Ajinomoto (Tokyo, Japan); CITRIC ACID (USP), from Roche (Nutley New Jersey, USA); ANHYDROUSCITRIC ACID, from Harrmann & amp; Reimer (Springfield New Jersey, USA); MALIC ACID, available from Kyowa Hakko (Tokyo, Japan) and Fuso Kagaku (Osaka, Japan); and lactic acid, tradename UNICHEM LACA, from UPI.

高熔点化合物在另一个实施方案中,本发明组合物包括按重量计约0.05%至约20%、优选约1%至约15%、更优选约1.4%至约10%、还更优选约3%至约8%的熔点为至少约25℃的高熔点化合物,其选自脂肪醇、脂肪酸、脂肪醇衍生物、脂肪酸衍生物、烃、甾体化合物,以及它们的混合物。 In another embodiment, the high melting point compounds, compositions of the present invention comprises from about 0.05% by weight to about 20%, preferably from about 1% to about 15%, more preferably from about 1.4% to about 10%, still more preferably from about 3 % to about 8% of a high melting point compound having a melting point of at least about 25 ℃, which is selected from fatty alcohols, fatty acids, fatty alcohol derivatives, fatty acid derivatives, hydrocarbons, steroids, and mixtures thereof. 不受理论的限制,据信这些高熔点化合物可覆盖毛发表面并减少摩擦,从而提供毛发的光滑感和易梳理性。 Without being bound by theory, it is believed that these high melting point compounds cover the hair surface and reduce friction, thereby providing the hair smooth feel and ease of combing. 本领域专业人员应该理解,在说明书的这一部分中公开的化合物在某些情况下可能属于一个以上的类别,例如某些脂肪醇衍生物还可以归类为脂肪酸衍生物。 Skilled in the art should be understood that in this part of the description of the compounds disclosed may belong to more than one category, in some cases, for example, some fatty alcohol derivatives can also be classified as fatty acid derivatives. 但是,指定的类并不旨在对特定化合物进行限制,而是为了便于分类和命名。 However, the specified class is not intended to be limited to a particular compound, but for convenience of classification and nomenclature. 此外,本领域专业人员应该理解,根据双键的数目和位置以及支链的长度和位置,具有某些所需碳原子的某些化合物可以具有低于约25℃的熔点。 In addition, it should be understood skilled, number and position of double bonds according to the length and position as well as branched, certain compounds having certain required carbon atoms may have a melting point below about 25 ℃. 这些低熔点化合物不包括在这一部分中。 These low-melting compound are not included in this section. 高熔点化合物的非限制性实例可参见International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary,FifthEdition,1993和CTFA Cosmetic Ingredient Handbook,Second Edition,1992,这两篇文献均全文引入本文以供参考。 Non-limiting examples of high melting point compounds can be found in International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary, FifthEdition, 1993, and CTFA Cosmetic Ingredient Handbook, Second Edition, 1992, both of which are incorporated herein by reference.

可用于本发明的脂肪醇是那些具有约14至约30个碳原子、优选具有约16至约22个碳原子的脂肪醇。 Fatty alcohols useful in the present invention are those fatty alcohols having from about 14 to about 30 carbon atoms, preferably from about 16 to about 22 carbon atoms. 这些脂肪醇可以是直链或支链醇,并且可以是饱和或不饱和的。 These fatty alcohols may be straight-chain or branched-chain alcohols and may be saturated or unsaturated. 脂肪醇的非限制性实例包括鲸蜡醇、硬脂醇、二十二醇以及它们的混合物。 Non-limiting examples of fatty alcohols include cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, behenyl alcohol, and mixtures thereof.

适用于本发明的脂肪酸是具有约10至约30个、优选具有约12至约22个、更优选具有约16至约22个碳原子的脂肪酸。 Suitable for the present invention is a fatty acid having from about 10 to about 30, preferably about 12 to about 22, more preferably from fatty acids having from about 16 to about 22 carbon atoms. 这些脂肪酸可以是直链或支链酸,并且可以是饱和或不饱和的。 These fatty acids may be straight or branched chain acids and can be saturated or unsaturated. 还包括满足本发明要求的二元酸、三元酸和其它多元酸。 Also it includes meeting dibasic acids, tribasic acid and other polycarboxylic acids of the invention claimed. 本发明还包括这些脂肪酸的盐。 The present invention also includes salts of these fatty acids. 脂肪酸的非限制性实例包括月桂酸、棕榈酸、硬脂酸、二十二烷酸、癸二酸,以及它们的混合物。 Non-limiting examples of fatty acids include lauric acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, behenic acid, sebacic acid, and mixtures thereof.

可用于本发明的脂肪醇衍生物和脂肪酸衍生物包括脂肪醇的烷基醚、烷氧基化脂肪醇、烷氧基化脂肪醇的烷基醚、脂肪醇的酯、具有可酯化羟基的化合物的脂肪酸酯、羟基取代的脂肪酸,以及它们的混合物。 Fatty alcohol derivatives and fatty acid derivatives can be used in the present invention include alkyl ethers of fatty alcohols, alkoxylated fatty alcohols, alkoxylated fatty alcohols, alkyl ethers, fatty alcohols, having the esterified hydroxy fatty acid ester compound, a hydroxyl-substituted fatty acids, and mixtures thereof. 脂肪醇衍生物和脂肪酸衍生物的非限制性实例包括以下物质,例如甲基硬脂基醚;十六烷基聚氧乙烯醚系列化合物,如十六烷基聚氧乙烯醚-1至十六烷基聚氧乙烯醚-45,它们是鲸蜡醇的乙二醇醚,其中数字记号表示所存在的乙二醇部分的数量;硬脂基聚氧乙烯醚系列化合物,如硬脂基聚氧乙烯醚-1至硬脂基聚氧乙烯醚-10,它们是硬脂醇的乙二醇醚,其中数字记号表示所存在的乙二醇部分的数量;鲸蜡硬脂基聚氧乙烯醚-1至鲸蜡硬脂基聚氧乙烯醚-10,它们是鲸蜡硬脂醇(即含有主要是鲸蜡醇和硬脂醇的脂肪醇混合物)的乙二醇醚,其中数字记号表示所存在的乙二醇部分的数量;上述十六烷基聚氧乙烯醚、硬脂基聚氧乙烯醚和鲸蜡硬脂基聚氧乙烯醚化合物的C1-C30烷基醚;二十二醇的聚氧化乙烯醚;硬脂酸乙酯、硬脂酸鲸蜡基酯、十六烷酸鲸蜡基酯、硬脂酸硬脂醇酯、肉豆蔻酸十四烷基酯、聚氧化乙烯鲸蜡基醚硬脂酸酯、聚氧化乙烯硬脂基醚硬脂酸酯、聚氧化乙烯月桂基醚硬脂酸酯、一硬脂酸乙二醇酯、一硬脂酸聚氧化乙烯酯、二硬脂酸聚氧化乙烯酯、一硬脂酸丙二醇酯、二硬脂酸丙二醇酯、二硬脂酸三羟甲基丙烷酯、脱水山梨糖醇硬脂酸酯、硬脂酸聚甘油酯、一硬脂酸甘油酯、二硬脂酸甘油酯、三硬脂酸甘油酯,以及它们的混合物。 Non-limiting examples of fatty alcohol derivatives and fatty acid derivatives include the following substances, such as methyl stearyl ether; polyoxyethylene cetyl ether series compounds such as polyoxyethylene cetyl ether to sixteen -1 -45 polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers, which are ethylene glycol ethers of cetyl alcohol, wherein the number of ethylene glycol moieties present in digital notation; polyoxyethylene stearyl ether series compounds such as polyoxyethylene stearyl stearyl vinyl ether -1 to -10 polyoxyethylene ethers, which are ethylene glycol ethers of stearyl alcohol, wherein the number of ethylene glycol moieties present in digital notation; cetyl stearyl polyoxyethylene ether - 1 to cetyl stearyl ether polyoxyethylene-10, which is cetylstearyl alcohol (i.e. a mixture of fatty alcohols containing primarily cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol) glycol ether, where the number of symbols representing the presence of the number of ethylene glycol moieties; C1-C30 alkyl ethers of the above polyoxyethylene cetyl ether, polyoxyethylene stearyl ether and polyoxyethylene cetyl stearyl vinyl ether compound; docosanol polyethylene oxide vinyl ethers; ethyl stearate, cetyl stearate, cetyl palmitate ester, stearyl stearate, myristyl myristate, polyoxyethylene cetyl ether stearate, polyoxyethylene stearyl ether stearates, polyoxyethylene lauryl ether stearate, ethylene glycol monostearate, polyoxyethylene monostearate ester, distearate polyoxyethylene esters, propylene glycol monostearate, propylene glycol distearate, trimethylolpropane distearate ester, sorbitan stearate alcohol, stearic acid polyglycerol esters, monostearate glycerol, glyceryl distearate, glyceryl tristearate, and mixtures thereof.

适用于本发明的烃包括具有至少约20个碳原子的化合物。 Useful in the present invention comprises a hydrocarbon compound having at least about 20 carbon atoms.

适用于本发明的甾体化合物包括例如胆固醇的化合物。 Useful in the present invention include steroids such as cholesterol compounds.

作为高纯度单一化合物的高熔点化合物是优选的。 As a single compound of high purity high melting point compounds are preferred. 高度优选为选自纯鲸蜡醇、硬脂醇和二十二醇的纯脂肪醇的单一化合物。 Highly preferred is cetyl alcohol selected from a pure, single compound pure behenyl alcohol and stearyl fatty alcohols. 本文中的“纯”是指化合物的纯度为至少约90%、优选为至少约95%。 In this context "pure" refers to purity of the compound is at least about 90%, preferably at least about 95%. 在消费者漂洗本发明组合物时,这些高纯度单一化合物可提供良好的从毛发上的可洗除性。 When consumers rinse composition of the present invention, these high purity single compound provides good from the hair can be washed of.

适用于本发明的市售高熔点化合物包括:鲸蜡醇、硬脂醇和二十二醇,其商品为为KONOL系列,得自New Japan Chemical(Osaka,Japan),和NAA系列,得自NOF(Tokyo,Japan);纯二十二醇,商品名为1-DOCOSANOL,得自WAKO(Osaka,Japan);商品名为NEO-FAT,得自Akzo(Chicago Illinois,USA),HYSTRENE,得自Witco Corp.(Dublin,Ohio,USA)、和以商品名DERMA得自Vevy(Genova,Italy)的各种脂肪酸;以及以商品名NIKKOLAGUASOME LA购自Nikko的胆固醇。 Useful in the present invention are commercially available high melting point compounds include: cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, behenyl, the commodity is KONOL series, available from New Japan Chemical (Osaka, Japan), and NAA series available from NOF ( Tokyo, Japan); pure behenyl tradename 1-DOCOSANOL, available from WAKO (Osaka, Japan); Witco Corp under the trade name NEO-FAT, available from Akzo (Chicago Illinois, USA), HYSTRENE, from . (Dublin, Ohio, USA), and the trade name DERMA available from Vevy (Genova, Italy) of various fatty acids; cholesterol and tradename NIKKOLAGUASOME LA available from Nikko's.

油性化合物在另一个实施方案中,本发明组合物可任选地包括按重量计约0.02%至约2%、优选约0.2%至约1.5%的熔点不超过约25℃的油性化合物,其选自第一油性化合物、第二油性化合物,以及它们的混合物。 In another embodiment, the oily compounds, the compositions of the present invention may optionally comprise from about 0.02% by weight to about 2%, preferably from about 0.2% to about 1.5% of a melting point of not more than about 25 ℃ oily compound selected from the group from the first oily compound, a second oily compound, and mixtures thereof. 可用于本发明的油性化合物可以是挥发性的或非挥发性的。 Oily compounds useful in the present invention can be volatile or non-volatile. 不受理论的限制,据信,油性化合物可渗入毛发以改性毛发的羟基键,从而给毛发提供柔软性和柔韧性。 Without being bound by theory, it is believed, oily compounds may penetrate the hair with hair modified hydroxyl bond, giving the hair to provide softness and flexibility. 油性化合物可包括本文所述的第一油性化合物或第二油性化合物。 Oily compounds herein may include a first oily compound or the second oily compound claimed. 优选地,使用第一油性化合物和第二油性化合物的混合物。 Preferably, the first compound and the second oily compound oily mixture. 这部分的油性化合物不同于上述的高熔点化合物。 Oily compounds of this section are different from the high melting point compounds. 油性化合物的非限制性实例参见“InternationalCosmetic Ingredient Dictionary”,Fifth Edition,1993和“CTFA CosmeticIngredient Handbook”,Second Edition,1992,这两篇文献均全文引入本文以供参考。 Non-limiting examples of oily compounds, see "InternationalCosmetic Ingredient Dictionary", Fifth Edition, 1993 and "CTFA CosmeticIngredient Handbook", Second Edition, 1992, both of which are incorporated herein by reference.

第一油性化合物第一油性化合物可包括在本发明组合物内。 A first oily compound may comprise a first oily compounds within the composition of the present invention. 优选地,本发明组合物包括按重量计约0.1%至0.75%的第一油性化合物。 Preferably, the compositions of the present invention comprises a first oily compound by weight from about 0.1 to 0.75% of the. 可用于本发明的第一油性化合物选自脂肪醇、脂肪酸、脂肪醇衍生物、脂肪酸衍生物,以及它们的混合物。 A first oily compounds useful in the present invention is selected from fatty alcohols, fatty acids, fatty alcohol derivatives, fatty acid derivatives, and mixtures thereof.

可用于本发明的脂肪醇包括具有约10至约30个碳原子、优选约12至约22个碳原子、更优选约16至约22个碳原子的那些脂肪醇。 Fatty alcohols useful in the present invention include those having from about 10 to about 30 carbon atoms, preferably about 12 to about 22 carbon atoms, more preferably those alcohols from about 16 to about 22 carbon atoms. 这些脂肪醇可以是直链或支链醇,且可以是饱和的或不饱和的醇,优选不饱和的醇。 These fatty alcohols may be straight-chain or branched-chain alcohols and may be saturated or unsaturated alcohols, preferably unsaturated alcohols. 这些化合物的非限制性实例包括油醇、棕榈油醇、异硬脂醇、异十六烷基醇、十一醇、辛基十二烷醇、辛基癸醇、辛醇、辛醇、癸醇和月桂醇。 Non-limiting examples of these compounds include oleyl alcohol, palm alcohol, isostearyl alcohol, cetyl alcohol, isopropyl, eleven alcohol, octyldodecanol, octyl decanol, octanol, octanol, decanol alcohol and lauryl alcohol.

可用于本发明的脂肪酸包括包含约10至约30个碳原子、优选约12至约22个碳原子、更优选约16至约22个碳原子的那些脂肪酸。 Fatty acids useful in the present invention include comprises about 10 to about 30 carbon atoms, preferably about 12 to about 22 carbon atoms, more preferably those of fatty acids from about 16 to about 22 carbon atoms. 这些脂肪酸可以是直链或支链酸,并且可以是饱和或不饱和的。 These fatty acids may be straight or branched chain acids and can be saturated or unsaturated. 合适的脂肪酸包括例如油酸、亚油酸、异硬脂酸、亚麻酸、乙基亚麻酸、乙基亚麻酸、花生四烯酸和蓖麻油酸。 Suitable fatty acids include, for example, oleic acid, linoleic acid, isostearic acid, linolenic acid, ethyl linolenic acid, ethyl linolenic acid, arachidonic acid and castor oil.

本文中,脂肪酸衍生物和脂肪醇衍生物是指包括例如脂肪醇酯、烷氧基化脂肪醇、脂肪醇的烷基醚、烷氧基化脂肪醇的烷基醚,以及它们的混合物。 Herein, fatty acid derivatives and fatty alcohol derivatives are meant to include for example, fatty alcohol esters, alkoxylated fatty alcohols, alkyl ethers of fatty alcohols, alkoxylated fatty alcohols, alkyl ethers, and mixtures thereof. 脂肪酸衍生物和脂肪醇衍生物的非限制性实例包括例如亚油酸甲酯、亚油酸乙酯、亚油酸异丙酯、油酸异癸酯、油酸异丙酯、油酸乙酯、油酸辛基十二烷基酯、油酸油醇酯、油酸癸酯、油酸丁酯、油酸甲酯、硬脂酸辛基十二烷基酯、异硬脂酸辛基十二烷基酯、异棕榈酸辛基十二烷基酯、异壬酸辛酯、壬酸辛酯、异硬脂酸己酯、异硬脂异丙酯、异壬酸异癸酯、油基聚氧乙烯醚-2、季戊四醇四油酸酯、季戊四醇四异硬脂酸酯、三羟甲基丙烷三油酸酯和三羟甲基丙烷三异硬脂酸酯。 Non-limiting examples of fatty acid derivatives and fatty alcohol derivatives include, for example, methyl linoleate, ethyl, isopropyl linoleate, isodecyl oleate, oleic acid, isopropyl oleate , octyldodecyl oleate, oleyl oleate, decyl oleate, butyl oleate, methyl oleate, octyldodecyl stearate, octyldodecyl isostearate ester, iso-octyldodecyl palmitate, isononyl octyl, nonyl octyl isostearate, hexyl acrylate, isostearyl isopropyl, isononyl, isodecyl oleyl polyoxyethylene ether -2 pentaerythritol tetraoleate, pentaerythritol Tetraisostearate, trimethylolpropane trioleate and trimethylolpropane triisostearate.

可用于本发明的市售第一油性化合物包括:油醇,其商品名为UNJECOL90BHR,得自New Japan Chemical;季戊四醇四异硬脂酸酯和三羟甲基丙烷三异硬脂酸脂,商品名为KAKPTI和KAKTTI,得自Kokyu Alcohol(Chiba,Japan);季戊四醇四油酸酯,具有与化合物名称相同的商品名,得自New JapanChemical;三羟甲基丙烷三油酸酯,商品名为ENUJERUBU TP3SO,得自New Japan Chemical;各种液体酯,商品名为SCHERCEMOL系列,得自Scher;和异硬脂酸己酯,商品名为HIS;和异硬脂酸异丙酯,商品名为ZPIS,得自Kokyu Alcohol。 Commercially available first oily compounds of this invention include: oleyl alcohol, under the trade name UNJECOL90BHR, available from New Japan Chemical; pentaerythritol Tetraisostearate and trimethylolpropane triisostearate fat, tradename as KAKPTI and KAKTTI, from Kokyu Alcohol (Chiba, Japan); pentaerythritol tetraoleate, the compound has the same name as a trade name, available from New JapanChemical; trimethylolpropane trioleate, tradename ENUJERUBU TP3SO available from New Japan Chemical; various liquid esters, trade name SCHERCEMOL series available from Scher; and isostearate hexyl acrylate, tradename HIS; and isopropyl isostearate, trade name ZPIS, too Since Kokyu Alcohol.

第二油性化合物第二油性化合物可包括在本发明组合物中。 Second Oily Compound The second oily compounds may be included in the compositions of the present invention. 优选本发明组合物包括按重量计约0.1%至约0.75%的第二油性化合物。 Preferably, the composition of the present invention comprises a second oily compounds by weight of about 0.1% to about 0.75%. 可用于本发明的第二油性化合物包括直链、环状的和支链的烃,其可以是饱和或饱和的,只要它们的熔点不大于约25℃。 The second oily compounds useful in the present invention include straight-chain, branched-chain and cyclic hydrocarbons, which may be saturated or unsaturated, as long as their melting point of not greater than about 25 ℃. 这些烃具有约12至约40个碳原子、优选约12至约30个碳原子、更优选约12至约22个碳原子。 These hydrocarbons have from about 12 to about 40 carbon atoms, preferably about 12 to about 30 carbon atoms, more preferably from about 12 to about 22 carbon atoms. 还包括在本发明中的物质是链烯基单体的聚合烃,如C2-C6链烯基单体的聚合物。 Also included in the present invention are polymeric substances hydrocarbons of alkenyl monomers, such as a polymer C2-C6 alkenyl monomers. 这些聚合物可以是直链或支链聚合物。 These polymers can be straight or branched chain polymers. 直链聚合物的链长通常较短,具有如上所述的总碳原子数目。 Chain length linear polymer is generally short, with the total number of carbon atoms as described above. 支链聚合物可具有实质更高的链长。 Branched polymer substance may have a higher chain length. 这样的物质的数均分子量可在宽的范围内变化,但是通常最高达约500,优选为约200至约400,更优选为约300至约350。 Such a number average molecular weight substances can vary over a wide range, but generally up to about 500, preferably from about 200 to about 400, more preferably from about 300 to about 350. 还可用于本发明的是各种等级的矿物油。 Can also be used in the present invention are various grades of mineral oils. 矿物油为得自石油的烃的液体混合物。 Mineral oil is obtained from a mixture of liquid petroleum hydrocarbons. 合适的烃类物质的具体实例包括石蜡油、矿物油、十二烷、异十二烷、十六烷、异十六烷、二十碳烯、异二十碳烯、十三烷、十四烷、聚丁烯、聚异丁烯和它们的混合物。 Specific examples of suitable hydrocarbon materials include paraffin oil, mineral oil, dodecane, isododecane, hexadecane, isohexadecane, eicosene, isoeicosene, tridecane, tetradecane alkoxy, polybutene, polyisobutylene, and mixtures thereof. 优选用于本发明的烃选自矿物油、异十二烷、异十六烷、聚丁烯、聚异丁烯以及它们的混合物。 Preferably used in the present invention are selected from hydrocarbon mineral oil, isododecane, isohexadecane, polybutene, polyisobutylene, and mixtures thereof.

可用于本发明的市售第二油性化合物包括异十二烷、异十六烷和异二十碳烯,其商品名为PERMETHYL 99A、PERMETHYL 101A和PERMETHYL1082,得自Presperse(South Plainfield New Jersey,USA);异丁烯和正丁烯的共聚物,其商品名为INDOPOL H-100,得自Amoco Chemicals(ChicagoIllinois,USA);矿物油,其商品名为BENOL,得自Witco;和异链烷烃,其商品名为ISOPAR,得自Exxon Chemical Co.(Houston Texas,USA)。 Commercially available second oily compounds of this invention include isododecane, isohexadecane and isoeicosene tradename PERMETHYL 99A, PERMETHYL 101A and PERMETHYL1082, from Presperse (South Plainfield New Jersey, USA ); isobutene and n-butene copolymer, under the trade name INDOPOL H-100, available from Amoco Chemicals (ChicagoIllinois, USA); mineral oil, under the trade name BENOL, available from Witco; and iso-paraffins, under the trade name as ISOPAR, available from Exxon Chemical Co. (Houston Texas, USA).

不含季铵化合物在另一个实施方案中,本发明组合物基本上不含季铵化合物,所述季铵化合物是本领域中常用的。 No quaternary ammonium compounds In another embodiment, the compositions of the present invention is substantially free of quaternary ammonium compound, the quaternary ammonium compound is commonly used in the art. 季铵化合物的实施例为那些具有下式的物质: Example quaternary ammonium compounds are those having the formula:

其中R1、R2、R3和R4中的至少一个选自具有8至30个碳原子的脂族基团,或具有最高达约22个碳原子的芳族基团、烷氧基、聚氧化烯、烷基酰氨基、羟基烷基、芳基或烷基芳基;R1、R2、R3和R4中的其余基团独立地为约1至约22个碳原子的脂族基团,或具有约1至约22个碳原子的芳族基团、烷氧基、聚氧化烯、烷基酰氨基、羟基烷基、芳基或烷基芳基;X为成盐阴离子,如选自卤离子(例如氯离子、溴离子)、乙酸根、柠檬酸根、乳酸根、甘醇酸根、磷酸根、硝酸根、硫酸根和烷基硫酸根的那些。 Wherein R1, R2, R3 and R4 at least one selected from 8-30 carbon atoms, aliphatic groups, or with up to about 22 carbon atoms, an aromatic group, alkoxy, polyoxyalkylene, alkylamido, hydroxyalkyl, aryl or alkyl aryl; R1, R2, R3 and R4 in the remaining groups are independently from about 1 to about 22 carbon atoms, an aliphatic group, or having about 1 to about 22 carbon atoms, aromatic groups, alkoxy, polyoxyalkylene, alkylamido, hydroxyalkyl, aryl or alkylaryl group; X is a salt-forming anion selected from halogen ions such as (e.g. Those chloride, bromide), acetate, citrate, lactate, glycolate, phosphate, nitrate, sulfate and alkyl sulfate radical. 脂族基团除了碳和氢原子之外,还可以含有醚键和其它基团,例如氨基。 Aliphatic group in addition to carbon and hydrogen atoms, may contain ether linkages, and other groups such as amino groups.

附加的调理剂本发明组合物还可包括一种或多种附加的调理剂,如那些选自阳离子表面活性剂、阳离子聚合物、非挥发性硅氧烷(包括溶解的和不溶解的硅氧烷)、非挥发性的烃、饱和的C14至C22直链脂肪醇、非挥发性的烃酯,以及它们的混合物的物质。 Additional conditioning composition of the present invention may further comprise one or more additional conditioning agents, such as those selected from cationic surfactants, cationic polymers, nonvolatile silicones (including soluble and insoluble silicone alkyl), non-volatile hydrocarbons, saturated C14 to C22 straight chain fatty alcohols, nonvolatile hydrocarbon esters, and substance mixtures thereof. 优选的调理剂为阳离子表面活性剂、阳离子聚合物、饱和的C14至C22直链脂肪醇和硅氧烷(尤其是不溶解的硅氧烷)。 Preferred conditioning agents are cationic surfactants, cationic polymers, saturated C14 to C22 straight chain fatty alcohols, and silicones (especially insoluble silicones). 本发明的组分可包括0%至约20%、优选约0.1%至约20%、更优选约0.5%至约10%的附加调理剂。 Components of the present invention may comprise from 0% to about 20%, preferably from about 0.1% to about 20%, more preferably from about 0.5% to about 10% of the additional conditioning agent.

阳离子表面活性剂可用于本发明组合物的阳离子表面活性剂包含氨基或季铵部分。 Cationic surfactants useful in the compositions of the present invention is a cationic surfactant comprising amino or quaternary ammonium moieties. 阳离子表面活性剂优选地,但不是必须,不溶于本发明组合物。 Cationic surfactants are preferably, but not necessarily, is insoluble in the compositions of the present invention. 其中可用于本发明的阳离子表面活性剂公开在下面的文献中,其全部引入本文以供参考:MC出版公司,McCutcheon′s,Detergents & Emulsifiers,(Detergents &Emulsifiers),(北美版,1979);Schwartz等;Surface Active Agents,TheirChemistry and Technology,纽约:Interscience Publishers,1949;美国专利3,155,591,Hilfer,公布于1964年11月3日;美国专利3,929,678,Laughlin等人,公布于1975年12月30日;美国专利3,959,461,Bailey等,公布于1976年5月25日;和美国专利4,387,090,Bolich,Jr.,公布于1983年6月7日。 Which can be used cationic surfactants of the present invention are disclosed in the following documents, which are all incorporated herein by reference: MC Publishing Co., McCutcheon's, Detergents & amp; Emulsifiers, (Detergents & amp; Emulsifiers), (North American Edition, 1979 ); Schwartz, etc; Surface Active Agents, TheirChemistry and Technology, New York: Interscience Publishers, 1949; US Patent No. 3,155,591, Hilfer, published in the November 3, 1964; U.S. Patent 3,929,678, Laughlin et al., published December 30, 1975 Japan; US Patent 3,959,461, Bailey et al., published in the May 25, 1976; and U.S. Patent No. 4,387,090, Bolich, Jr, announced on June 7, 1983.

在含季铵的阳离子表面活性剂中,适用于本发明的是具有下式的那些物质: Containing quaternary ammonium cationic surfactants for use in the present invention are those having the formula:

其中R1-R4独立地为具有约1至约22个碳原子的脂族基团或具有约1至约22个碳原子的芳族基团、烷氧基、聚氧化烯、烷基酰氨基、羟基烷基、芳基或烷基芳基;X为成盐阴离子,如选自卤离子(例如氯离子、溴离子)、乙酸根、柠檬酸根、乳酸根、甘醇酸根、磷酸根、硝酸根、硫酸根和烷基硫酸根的那些。 Wherein R1-R4 independently an aliphatic group of from about 1 to about 22 carbon atoms or an aromatic group from about 1 to about 22 carbon atoms, alkoxy, polyoxyalkylene, alkylamido, hydroxyalkyl, aryl or alkylaryl group; X is a salt-forming anion selected from halogen ions such as (e.g. chloride, bromide), acetate, citrate, lactate, glycolate, phosphate, nitrate , sulfate and alkyl sulfate of those. 脂族基团除了碳和氢原子之外,还可以含有醚键和其它基团,例如氨基。 Aliphatic group in addition to carbon and hydrogen atoms, may contain ether linkages, and other groups such as amino groups. 长链脂族基团例如具有约12个碳原子或更高级的那些基团可以是饱和或不饱和的。 Long chain aliphatic group such as having about 12 carbon atoms or higher to those groups may be saturated or unsaturated. 尤其优选的是二长链(例如二C12-C22、优选C16-C18的脂族,优选烷基)、二短链(例如,C1-C3烷基,优选C1-C2烷基)季铵盐。 Especially preferred are di-long chain (e.g., two C12-C22, preferably C16-C18, aliphatic, preferably alkyl), di-short chain (e.g., C1-C3 alkyl, preferably C1-C2 alkyl) quaternary ammonium salts.

伯、仲和叔脂肪胺的盐也是适宜的阳离子表面活性剂物质。 Salts of primary, secondary and tertiary fatty amines are also suitable cationic surfactant materials. 该胺的烷基优选具有约12至约22个碳原子,并且可以是被取代或未被取代的。 The amine is preferably an alkyl group having from about 12 to about 22 carbon atoms and may be substituted or unsubstituted. 适用于本发明的上述胺包括硬脂酰氨基丙基二甲基胺、二乙基氨基乙基硬脂酰胺、二甲基硬脂胺、二甲基大豆胺、大豆胺、十四烷基胺、十三烷基胺、乙基硬脂胺、N-牛油丙二胺、乙氧基化(具有5摩尔环氧乙烷)硬脂胺、二羟乙基硬脂胺和二十烷基二十二烷基胺。 Useful in the present invention, the above-mentioned amines include stearyl amido propyl dimethyl amine, diethyl amino ethyl stearamide, dimethyl stearyl amine, dimethyl soyamine, soyamine, myristyl amine , tridecyl amine, ethyl stearylamine, N- tallow propylene diamine, ethoxylated (with 5 moles of ethylene oxide) stearylamine, dihydroxy ethyl stearylamine and eicosyl behenyl amine. 合适的胺盐包括卤化物、乙酸盐、磷酸盐、硝酸盐、柠檬酸盐、乳酸盐和烷基硫酸盐。 Suitable amine salts include the halogen, acetate, phosphate, nitrate, citrate, lactate and alkyl sulfate salts. 这些盐包括硬脂胺盐酸盐、大豆胺氯化物、硬脂胺甲酸盐、N-牛油丙二胺二氯化物和硬脂酰氨基丙基二甲胺柠檬酸盐。 Such salts include stearylamine hydrochloride, soyamine chloride, stearylamine formate, N- tallow propylene diamine dichloride and stearyl amidopropyl dimethylamine citrate. 可用于本发明的阳离子胺表面活性剂包括那些公开于1981年6月23日公布的Nachtigal等人的美国专利4,275,055中的物质,该文献引入本文以供参考。 Can be used for cationic amine surfactants of the present invention include those disclosed in Nachtigal, etc. June 23, 1981 issued U.S. patent 4,275,055 substance, which is incorporated herein by reference.

阳离子表面活性剂的用量按组合物重量计为优选约0.1%至约10%、更优选约0.25%至约5%、最优选约0.5%至约2%。 The amount of cationic surfactant by weight of the composition is preferably from about 0.1% to about 10%, more preferably from about 0.25% to about 5%, most preferably from about 0.5% to about 2%.

阳离子聚合物调理剂本发明组合物还可以含有一种或多种阳离子聚合物调理剂。 Cationic polymer conditioner composition of the present invention may also contain one or more cationic polymer conditioning agents. 阳离子聚合物调理剂优选是水溶性的。 Cationic polymeric conditioning agents are preferably water-soluble. 阳离子聚合物的使用范围典型地与上述公开的阳离子表面活性剂相同。 Use of cationic polymers typically disclosed in the above-described cationic surfactant same.

术语“水溶性阳离子聚合物”是指在水中具有足够溶解度,以在25℃时浓度为0.1%的水溶液(蒸馏水或等同物)条件下形成肉眼看上去基本上是澄清溶液的聚合物。 The term "water-soluble cationic polymer" means having sufficient solubility in water, at a concentration at 25 ℃ 0.1% aqueous solution (distilled or equivalent) is formed under the condition appears substantially visually clarified polymer solution. 优选地,聚合物充分溶解以形成基本上清澈的溶液,其浓度为0.5%、更优选1.0%。 Preferably, the polymer is sufficiently soluble to form a substantially clear solution at a concentration of 0.5%, more preferably 1.0%.

本文所用术语“聚合物”应该既包括由一种类型单体聚合产生的物质,也包括由两种类型单体聚合产生的物质(即共聚物)或由多种类型单体聚合产生的物质。 As used herein the term "polymer" shall include both substances produced from one type of monomer, but also includes substances (i.e., copolymers) or more types of substances produced by the polymerization of monomers produced by the two types of monomers.

本发明中的阳离子聚合物通常具有至少约5,000、典型的是至少约10,000,并且少于约1千万的重均分子量。 The cationic polymers of the present invention generally have at least about 5,000, typically at least about 10,000, and about 1 million less than the weight average molecular weight. 优选的是,其分子量为约100,000至约2百万。 Preferably, the molecular weight of about 100,000 to about 2 million. 阳离子聚合物通常具有含氮阳离子部分如季铵或氨基阳离子部分,以及它们的混合物。 Cationic polymers generally have cationic nitrogen-containing cationic moiety portion ammonium or amino, and mixtures thereof such as quaternary.

阳离子电荷密度为优选至少约0.1meq/克、更优选至少约1.5meq/克、甚至更优选至少约1.1meq/克、最优选至少约1.2meq/克。 The cationic charge density is preferably at least about 0.1meq / g, more preferably at least about 1.5meq / g, even more preferably at least about 1.1meq / g, most preferably at least about 1.2meq / g. 本发明所使用的术语,聚合物的阳离子电荷密度是指聚合物所包括的单体单元上的正电荷数量与所述单元的分子量的比率。 The term used in the present invention, the cationic charge density of the polymer refers to the number of positive charges on a monomeric unit of the polymer comprising units of the molecular weight ratio. 阳离子电荷密度乘以聚合物分子量决定了在给定聚合物链上的正电荷位置数。 The cationic charge density multiplied by the polymer molecular weight determines the number of positively charged positions on a given polymer chain. 这样的合适的阳离子聚合物的平均分子量将通常为在约10,000和1千万之间、优选在约50,000和约5百万之间、更优选在约100,000和约3百万之间。 Such suitable cationic polymers will generally be in an average molecular weight between about 10,000 and 10 million, preferably between about 50,000 and about 5 million, more preferably between about 100,000 and about 3 million. 本领域的技术人员将认识到,包含氨基的聚合物的电荷密度可根据氨基的pH和等电点而变化。 Those skilled in the art will recognize that the charge density of amino-containing polymers may vary according to the amino group and the isoelectric point of pH changes. 电荷密度应在上述将要使用的pH限制范围内。 Charge density should be above pH will be used within the limit.

任何阴离子抗衡离子只要其能够满足水溶解度标准即可用于该阳离子聚合物。 Any anionic counterions long as it can be used to meet the criteria of water solubility of the cationic polymer. 合适的抗衡离子包括卤素离子(例如CI、Br、I或F,优选Cl、Br或I)、硫酸根和甲基硫酸根。 Suitable counter ions include halogen ions (such as CI, Br, I, or F, preferably Cl, Br or I), sulfate and methyl sulfate. 该列表不是完整的,还可以使用其它抗衡离子。 This list is not complete, you can also use other counter ion.

含氮阳离子部分通常以取代基形式存在于阳离子毛发调理聚合物的总单体单元的一部分之上。 Nitrogen-containing cationic moiety generally above substituents form part of the cationic hair conditioning polymer of the total monomer units. 因此,阳离子聚合物包括季铵或阳离子胺取代的单体单元和其它非阳离子单元(在本文中称为间隔单体单元)的共聚物、三元共聚物等。 Thus, the cationic polymer include quaternary ammonium or cationic amine-substituted monomer units and other non-cationic units (referred to herein as spacer monomer units) copolymers, terpolymers and the like. 这些聚合物是本领域内已知的,并且在the CTFA Cosmetic IngredientDictionary,第三版,编者Estrin,Crosley和Haynes,(The Cosmetic,Toiletry,and Fragrance Association,Inc.,Washington,DC,1982)中可以找到其多种变体。 These polymers are known in the art, and in the CTFA Cosmetic IngredientDictionary, third edition, edited by Estrin, Crosley, and Haynes, (The Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association, Inc., Washington, DC, 1982) can be find its multiple variants.

合适的阳离子聚合物包括例如具有阳离子胺或季铵官能团的乙烯基单体与水溶性间隔单体的共聚物,所述水溶性间隔单体是例如丙烯酰胺、丁烯酰胺、烷基和二烷基丙烯酰胺、烷基和二烷基丁烯酰胺、丙烯酸烷基酯、异丁烯酸烷基酯、乙烯基己内酯和乙烯基吡咯烷酮。 Suitable cationic polymers include, for example, a copolymer of vinyl monomers with water soluble spacer monomers cationic amine or quaternary ammonium functional groups, the water soluble spacer monomers such as acrylamide, butene amide, alkyl and dialkyl acrylamide, alkyl and dialkyl-butene amide, alkyl acrylate, alkyl methacrylate, vinyl caprolactone, and vinyl pyrrolidone. 烷基和二烷基取代的单体优选具有C1-C7烷基、更优选C1-C3烷基。 The alkyl and dialkyl substituted monomers preferably have C1-C7 alkyl, more preferably C1-C3 alkyl. 其它合适的间隔单体包括乙烯基酯、乙烯醇(由聚乙酸乙烯酯水解制得)、马来酸酐、丙二醇和乙二醇。 Other suitable spacer monomers include vinyl esters, vinyl alcohol (produced by the hydrolysis of polyvinyl acetate obtained), maleic anhydride, propylene glycol and ethylene glycol.

根据组合物的具体种类和pH值,阳离子胺可以是伯、仲或叔胺。 Depending on the type and pH of the composition, the cationic amines can be primary, secondary or tertiary amines. 通常,优选仲胺和叔胺,尤其优选的是叔胺。 Typically, preferred secondary and tertiary amines, especially preferred is a tertiary amine.

胺取代的乙烯基单体能够以胺形式聚合,然后可任选地通过季铵化反应转化为铵。 Amine substituted vinyl monomers can be polymerized in the amine form, and then optionally converted by reaction quaternized ammonium. 胺也可以类似地季铵化,然后形成聚合物。 Amines can also be similarly quaternized, and then forming a polymer. 例如,叔胺官能团通过与式R′X的盐反应而被季铵化,其中R′为短链烷基,优选C1-C7烷基、更优选C1-C3烷基,X为阴离子,其与季铵形成水溶性盐。 For example, tertiary amine functional group by reaction with a salt of the formula R'X be quaternized, wherein R 'is a short chain alkyl, preferably C1-C7 alkyl, more preferably C1-C3 alkyl, X is an anion, with forming a water-soluble quaternary ammonium salts.

合适的阳离子氨基和季铵单体包括例如被丙烯酸二烷基氨基烷基酯、异丁烯酸二烷基氨基烷基酯、丙烯酸一烷基氨基烷基酯、异丁烯酸一烷基氨基烷基酯、三烷基异丁烯酰氧基烷基铵盐、三烷基丙烯酰氧基烷基铵盐、二烯丙基季铵盐取代的乙烯基化合物,和具有环状阳离子的含氮环如吡啶鎓、咪唑鎓和季铵化吡咯烷酮的乙烯基季铵单体,例如烷基乙烯基咪唑鎓、烷基乙烯基吡啶鎓、烷基乙烯基吡咯烷酮盐。 Suitable cationic amino and quaternary ammonium monomers include, for example, acrylate, dialkylaminoalkyl methacrylate, dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate, a dialkylaminoalkyl methacrylate, a dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate, methacryloyloxyethyl trialkyl ammonium salt, trialkyl acryloxy alkyl ammonium salt, diallyl quaternary ammonium-substituted vinyl compounds having cyclic cationic nitrogen-containing rings such as pyridinium, imidazolium, and quaternized pyrrolidone, vinyl quaternary ammonium monomers, e.g., alkyl vinyl imidazolium, alkyl vinyl pyridinium, alkyl vinyl pyrrolidone salts. 这些单体的烷基部分优选为低级烷基如C1-C3烷基、更优选C1和C2烷基。 These monomers are preferably alkyl moiety is a lower alkyl such as C1-C3 alkyl, more preferably C1 and C2 alkyl. 用于本发明的适合的胺-取代的乙烯基单体包括丙烯酸二烷基氨基烷基酯、异丁烯酸二烷基氨基烷基酯、二烷基氨基烷基丙烯酰胺和二烷基氨基烷基异丁烯酰胺,其中烷基优选为C1-C7烃基、更优选C1-C3烷基。 Suitable amines for the present invention - substituted vinyl monomers include dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate, methacrylate, dialkylaminoalkyl methacrylate, dialkylaminoalkyl acrylamide and dialkylaminoalkyl methacrylamide, wherein the alkyl group is preferably C1-C7 hydrocarbyl groups, more preferably C1-C3 alkyl.

本发明的阳离子聚合物可包括衍生自胺和/或季铵取代的单体和/或相容的间隔单体的单体单元混合物。 Cationic polymers of the present invention may comprise a mixture of monomer units derived from amine and / or quaternary ammonium-substituted monomer and / or compatible spacer monomers of.

合适的阳离子毛发调理聚合物包括例如:乙烯基-吡咯烷酮和乙烯基甲基咪唑鎓盐(例如,氯化物盐)的共聚物(在工业上,由CTFA命名为聚季铵-16),如那些由BASF Wyandotte Corp.(Parsippany,NJ,USA)销售的物质,商品名为LUVIQUAT(例如,LUVIQUAT FC 370);乙烯基-吡咯烷酮和异丁烯酸二甲基氨基乙基酯的共聚物(在工业上,CTFA命名为聚季铵-11),如由Gaf Corporation(Wayne,NJ,USA)销售的物质,商品名为GAFQUAT(例如,GAFQUAT 755N);包含阳离子二烯丙基季铵-的聚合物,其包括例如二甲基二烯丙基氯化铵均聚物、和丙烯酰胺与二甲基二烯丙基氯化铵的共聚物,在工业上(CTFA)分别命名为聚季铵6和聚季铵7;和具有3至5个碳原子的不饱和羧酸均聚物和共聚物的氨基烷基酯的矿物酸盐,它们描述于美国专利4,009,256中,该文献引入本文以供参考。 Suitable cationic hair conditioning polymers include, for example: vinyl - pyrrolidone and methyl vinyl imidazolium salt (e.g., chloride salt) (referred to in the industry by CTFA designation Polyquaternium-16), such as those by the BASF Wyandotte Corp. (Parsippany, NJ, USA) substances sold under the trade name LUVIQUAT (e.g., LUVIQUAT FC 370); vinyl - pyrrolidone and copolymers of dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate diethyl ester (in the industrial, CTFA designation Polyquaternium -11), as indicated by Gaf Corporation (Wayne, NJ, USA) materials marketed under the trade name GAFQUAT (e.g., GAFQUAT 755N); cationic diallyl quaternary ammonium comprising - polymer, including, for example dimethyldiallylammonium chloride homopolymer, and acrylamide and diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride copolymers, in industrial (CTFA) were named as Polyquaternium 6 and Polyquaternium ammonium 7; mineral salts and unsaturated carboxylic acids having 3 to 5 carbon atoms, homopolymers and copolymers of amino-alkyl esters, which are described in U.S. Patent No. 4,009,256, which is incorporated herein by reference.

其它适用的阳离子聚合物包括多糖聚合物,例如阳离子纤维素衍生物和阳离子淀粉衍生物。 Other suitable cationic polymers include polysaccharide polymers, such as cationic cellulose derivatives and cationic starch derivatives.

适用于本发明的阳离子多糖聚合物包括具有下式的聚合物: Useful in the present invention are cationic polysaccharide polymers include polymers having the formula: 其中:A是葡糖酐残基,例如淀粉或纤维素葡糖酐残基,R是亚烷基氧化烯、聚氧化烯或羟亚烷基或其组合,R1、R2和R3独立地为烷基、芳基、烷芳基、芳烷基、烷氧基烷基或烷氧基芳基,每一个基团含有最高达18个碳原子,并且每一个阳离子部分中的碳原子总数(即R1、R2和R3中碳原子总数)优选为约20或更少,并且X是如上所述的阴离子抗衡离子。 Wherein: A is an anhydroglucose residue such as starch or cellulose anhydroglucose residual, R is an alkylene oxyalkylene, polyoxyalkylene or hydroxyalkylene, or combination thereof, R1, R2 and R3 are independently an alkyl , aryl, alkaryl, aralkyl, alkoxyalkyl or alkoxyaryl groups, each group containing up to 18 carbon atoms, and the total number of carbon atoms in each cationic moiety (i.e., R1 The total number of carbon atoms) R2 and R3 are preferably about 20 or less, and X is an anionic counterion as described above.

阳离子纤维素可从Amerchol Corp.(Edison,NJ,USA)购得,其聚合物商品名为Polymer JR和LR系列,它们是羟乙基纤维素与三甲基铵取代的环氧化物反应生成的盐,在工业上(CTFA)称为聚季铵10。 Cationic cellulose is available from Amerchol Corp. (Edison, NJ, USA) purchased its polymer tradename Polymer JR and LR series, they are hydroxyethyl cellulose reacted with trimethyl ammonium substituted epoxide salts generated in industrial (CTFA) referred Polyquaternium 10. 另一类阳离子纤维素包括羟乙基纤维素与月桂基二甲基铵-取代的环氧化物反应生成的聚合季铵盐,在工业上(CTFA)称为聚季铵24。 Another type of cationic cellulose include hydroxyethyl cellulose reacted with lauryl dimethyl ammonium - substituted epoxide polymerization reaction of a quaternary ammonium salt, in industrial (CTFA) referred Polyquaternium 24. 这些物质得自AmercholCorp.(Edison,NJ,USA),商品名为Polymer LM-200。 These materials available from AmercholCorp. (Edison, NJ, USA), under the tradename Polymer LM-200.

可以使用的其它阳离子聚合物包括阳离子瓜耳胶衍生物,如瓜耳胶羟基丙基三甲基氯化铵(以Jaguar R系列名称购自Celanese Corp.)。 Other cationic polymers that can be used include cationic guar gum derivatives, such as guar gum hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (to name Jaguar R series available from Celanese Corp.). 其它物质包括四元-含氮纤维素醚(例如,那些描述于美国专利3,962,418中的物质该文献引入本文以供参考)、和醚化的纤维素和淀粉的共聚物(例如,那些描述于美国专利3,958,581的物质,该文献引入本文以供参考)。 Other materials include quaternary - nitrogen-containing cellulose ethers (for example, those described in U.S. Patent No. 3,962,418, incorporated herein substances by reference), and copolymers of etherified cellulose and starch (for example, those described in U.S. The substance patent 3,958,581, which is incorporated herein by reference).

如上所讨论,此处的阳离子聚合物是水溶性的。 As discussed above, the cationic polymers herein are water-soluble. 但是这不意味着它一定要溶解在组合物中。 But this does not mean that it must be dissolved in the composition. 但是,优选的是,该阳离子聚合物或能溶解于组合物中,或能溶解于由该阳离子聚合物与阴离子物质形成的组合物中的复合凝聚相中。 However, it is preferred that the cationic polymer or capable of dissolving in the composition, or the composition can be dissolved in the cationic polymer and the anionic species formed complex coacervate phase. 阳离子聚合物可以与任选加至组合物中的阴离子表面活性剂或阴离子聚合物(例如聚苯乙烯磺酸钠)形成的复合凝聚层。 Cationic polymer may be optionally added to the composite composition anionic surfactant or anionic polymers (e.g., polystyrene sulfonate) formed coacervate.

硅氧烷调理剂(silicone Conditioning Agents)本发明组合物还可包括非挥发性的溶解的或不溶解的硅氧烷调理剂。 Silicone conditioning agent (silicone Conditioning Agents) The compositions of the invention may further comprise a non-volatile soluble or insoluble silicone conditioning agents. “溶解的”是指硅氧烷调理剂与组合物的含水载体混溶,以成为相同相中的一部分。 "Dissolved" refers to silicone conditioning agent is miscible aqueous carrier composition, in order to become part of the same phase. “不溶解的”是指硅氧烷形成与含水载体独立的、不连续相,如为乳液或硅氧烷小滴的悬浮液。 "Insoluble" means that the silicone is formed with an aqueous carrier separate, discontinuous phase, such as an emulsion or a suspension of droplets of the silicone.

用于本发明组合物的硅氧烷毛发调理剂的含量按组合物重量计为约0.05%至约10%、优选约0.1%至约6%、更优选约0.5%至约5%、最优选约0.5%至约3%。 For the content of the composition of the present invention silicone hair conditioning agent by weight of the composition is from about 0.05% to about 10%, preferably from about 0.1% to about 6%, more preferably from about 0.5% to about 5%, most preferably from about 0.5% to about 3%.

溶解的硅氧烷包括硅氧烷共聚多元醇如聚二甲基硅氧烷共聚醇,例如聚醚硅氧烷改性的聚合物,如聚氧化丙烯、聚环氧乙烷改性的聚二甲基硅氧烷,其中氧化乙烯和/或氧化丙烯的含量足以提供其在组合物中的溶解度。 Soluble silicones include silicone copolyols, such as dimethicone copolyols, e.g. polyether siloxane-modified polymers, such as polypropylene oxide, polyethylene oxide-modified polydimethyl methyl siloxane, wherein the content of ethylene oxide and / or propylene oxide sufficient to provide solubility in the composition.

但是,优选不溶解的硅氧烷。 Preferably, however, insoluble silicone. 用于本发明的不溶解的硅氧烷毛发调理剂的粘度在25℃时优选为约1,000至约2,000,000厘沲、更优选约10,000至约1,800,000、甚至更优选约100,000至约1,500,000。 Viscosity silicone hair conditioning agent used in the present invention is insoluble at 25 ℃, preferably from about 1,000 to about 2,000,000 centistokes, more preferably from about 10,000 to about 1,800,000, even more preferably from about 100,000 to about 1,500,000. 粘度可通过玻璃毛细管粘度计测量,这描述于1970年7月20日的Dow Corning Corporate Test Method(道康宁公司试验方法)CTM0004。 Viscosity can be measured by a glass capillary viscometer, which is described in July 20, 1970 in Dow Corning Corporate Test Method (Dow Corning test method) CTM0004.

合适的不溶解的硅氧烷液体包括聚烷基硅氧烷、聚芳基硅氧烷、聚烷基芳基硅氧烷、聚醚硅氧烷共聚物,以及它们的混合物。 Suitable insoluble silicone fluids include polyalkyl siloxanes, polyaryl siloxanes, polyalkylaryl siloxanes, polyether siloxane copolymers, and mixtures thereof. 也可以使用其它具有毛发调理性质的不溶解的、非挥发性硅氧烷液体。 You can also use other non-soluble, non-volatile silicone fluids having hair conditioning properties. 本发明所使用的术语“非挥发性的”是指硅氧烷的沸点为至少约260℃、优选至少约275℃、更优选至少约300℃。 As used herein, the term "non-volatile" means that the silicone has a boiling point of at least about 260 ℃, preferably at least about 275 ℃, more preferably at least about 300 ℃. 这些物质在环境条件下具有非常低的或不太高的蒸气压。 These materials have very low or not too high vapor pressure at ambient conditions. 术语“聚硅氧烷流体”是指25℃时粘度小于约1,000,000厘沲的易流动的聚硅氧烷物质。 The term "silicone fluid" refers to silicone material 25 ℃, viscosity of less than about 1,000,000 centistokes flowable. 通常,流体的粘度在25℃时为约5至1,000,000厘沲、优选约10至约300,000厘沲。 Typically, the viscosity of the fluid at 25 ℃ about 5 to 1,000,000 centistokes, preferably about 10 to about 300,000 centistokes.

本发明中的硅氧烷流体还包括具有下列结构的聚烷基或聚芳基硅氧烷: The present invention also includes a silicone fluid having the following structure polyalkyl or polyaryl siloxanes:

其中R为烷基或芳基,x为约7至约8,000。 Wherein R is an alkyl group or an aryl group, x is from about 7 to about 8,000. “A”表示封闭该硅氧烷链末端的基团。 "A" represents the closed end of the siloxane chain groups.

在硅氧烷链(R)上或在硅氧烷链(A)的末端取代的烷基或芳基可具有任意结构,只要所得硅氧烷在室温下保持流动性,是疏水的,当施用到毛发上时没有刺激性,无毒,也无害,与组合物的其它组分相容,在正常使用情况下是化学稳定的,能沉积到毛发上并调理毛发。 Siloxane chain (R) or at the end of the siloxane chain (A) of the substituted alkyl or aryl group may have any structure as long as the resulting silicones remain fluidity at room temperature, are hydrophobic, when administered to the hair without irritating, non-toxic, harmless, compatible with the other components of the composition, in normal use, are chemically stable, can be deposited onto the hair and conditions the hair.

适合的A基团包括甲基、甲氧基、乙氧基、丙氧基和芳氧基。 Suitable A groups include methyl, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, and aryloxy. 在硅氧烷原子上的两个R基团可代表相同的基团或不同的基团。 The silicone atom two R groups can represent the same group or different groups. 优选地,两个R基团代表相同的基团。 Preferably, the two R groups represent the same group. 适合的R基团包括甲基、乙基、丙基、苯基、甲基苯基和苯基甲基。 Suitable R groups include methyl, ethyl, propyl, phenyl, methylphenyl and phenylmethyl. 优选的聚硅氧烷是聚二甲基硅氧烷、聚二乙基硅氧烷和聚甲基苯基硅氧烷。 Preferred polysiloxanes are polydimethylsiloxane, polydiethylsiloxane, and poly-methylphenylsiloxane. 尤其优选的是聚二甲基硅氧烷。 Particularly preferred is polydimethylsiloxane.

可以使用的非挥发性聚烷基硅氧烷液体包括例如聚二甲基硅氧烷。 May be used a liquid non-volatile polyalkyl siloxanes include, for example polydimethylsiloxanes. 这些硅氧烷可以例如以Viscasil R和SF 96系列购自General Electric Company,以Dow Corning 200系列购自Dow Corning。 These siloxanes are available, for example Viscasil R and SF 96 series available from General Electric Company, to Dow Corning 200 series available from Dow Corning.

可以使用的聚烷芳基硅氧烷液体还包括聚甲基苯基硅氧烷。 Poly alkylaryl siloxanes liquid may also be used include poly methylphenyl siloxanes. 这些硅氧烷可以例如以SF 1075甲基苯基流体购自General Electric Company,或以556化妆品级液体购自Dow Corning公司。 These siloxanes are available, for example SF 1075 methylphenyl fluid available from General Electric Company, or as 556 Cosmetic Grade Fluid available from Dow Corning Corporation.

为了增强的毛发的光泽性,尤其优选的是高度芳基化的硅氧烷,如高度苯基化聚乙基硅氧烷化合物,其折射率为约1.46或更高,尤其是约1.52或更高。 To enhance the glossiness of hair, particularly preferred are highly arylated silicones, such as highly phenylated poly ethyl siloxane compound having a refractive index of about 1.46 or higher, especially about 1.52 or more high. 当使用这些高折射率硅氧烷时,它们应与铺展剂混合,所述铺展剂为例如表面活性剂或如下文所述的硅氧烷树脂,以降低表面张力并增强物质的成膜性。 When these high refractive index silicones, they should be mixed with a spreading agent, a spreading agent, for example a surfactant or a silicone resin, as described below, in order to reduce the surface tension and enhance the film-forming material.

可使用的聚醚硅氧烷共聚物包括例如聚氧化丙烯改性的聚二甲基硅氧烷(例如,Dow Corning的DC-1248),也可以使用环氧乙烷或环氧乙烷和氧化丙烯的混合物。 Polyether siloxane copolymer that may be used include, for example polypropylene oxide modified polydimethylsiloxane (eg, Dow Corning's DC-1248), you can use ethylene oxide or propylene oxide and mixture of propylene. 环氧乙烷和聚氧化丙烯的含量应足够低,以防止在组合物中的溶解性。 The content of ethylene oxide and polypropylene oxide should be sufficiently low to prevent solubility in the composition.

公开了合适的聚硅氧烷液体的参考文献包括Geen的美国专利2,826,551;在1976年6月22日公布的Drakoff的美国专利3,964,500;Pader的美国专利4,364,837;和Woolston的英国专利849,433。 Disclosure of suitable silicone fluids include references Geen U.S. Patent 2,826,551; at June 22, 1976 published Drakoff U.S. Patent No. 3,964,500; US Patent 4,364,837, Pader's; and British Patent 849,433, Woolston. 所有这些专利均引入本文以供参考。 All of these patents are incorporated herein by reference. 另外作为参考而引入本文的是“硅氧烷化合物”(SiliconCompounds),它由Petrarch Systems,Inc.出版(1984)。 Also incorporated by reference herein as "silicone compound" (SiliconCompounds), which consists of Petrarch Systems, Inc. Publishing (1984). 该参考文献提供了大量(但不是排它性的)适用的硅氧烷液体。 This reference provides a large (but not exclusively) is suitable silicone fluids.

尤其可用于硅氧烷调理剂的其它硅氧烷毛发调理物质为不溶解的硅氧烷树胶。 In particular, other silicone hair conditioning material that can be used as the silicone conditioning agents is insoluble silicone gum. 术语“硅氧烷树胶”是指在25℃其粘度大于或等于1,000,000厘沲的聚有机硅氧烷。 The term "silicone gum" means a viscosity at 25 ℃ greater than or equal to 1,000,000 centistokes polyorganosiloxane. Petrarch以及其它文献,包括在1979年5月1日公布的Spitzer等人的美国专利4,152,416,以及Noll,Walter的“Chemistry and Technology ofSilicones”,New York:Academic Press 1968描述了硅氧烷树胶。 Petrarch, and other documents, including the May 1, 1979 announcement of Spitzer et al., US Patent 4,152,416, and Noll, Walter's "Chemistry and Technology ofSilicones", New York: Academic Press 1968 describes a silicone gum. 同样描述硅氧烷树胶的有General Electric Silicone Rubber Product Data Sheets SE 30,SE33,SE 54和SE 76。 Also described silicone gums are General Electric Silicone Rubber Product Data Sheets SE 30, SE33, SE 54 and SE 76. 所有这些参考文献聚均引入本文以供参考。 All of these references are incorporated herein by poly reference. “硅氧烷树胶”的重均分子量典型地为约200,000以上,通常在200,000至约1,000,000之间。 "Silicone gum" weight average molecular weight is typically about 200,000, generally between about 200,000 to 1,000,000. 具体实施例包括聚二甲基硅氧烷、聚(二甲基硅氧烷)(甲基乙烯基硅氧烷)共聚物、聚(二甲基硅氧烷)(二苯基硅氧烷)(甲基乙烯基硅氧烷)共聚物以及它们的混合物。 Specific examples include polydimethylsiloxane, poly (dimethyl siloxane) (methylvinylsiloxane) copolymer, poly (dimethylsiloxane) (diphenyl siloxane) (methylvinylsiloxane) copolymer and mixtures thereof.

优选地,硅氧烷毛发调理剂包含聚二甲基硅氧烷树胶和聚二甲基硅氧烷流体的混合物,其中树胶粘度大于约1,000,000厘沲,流体粘度为约10厘沲至约100,000厘沲,树胶与流体的比率为约30∶70至约70∶30、优选约40∶60至约60∶40。 Preferably, the silicone hair conditioning agent comprises a mixture of polydimethylsiloxane gum and polydimethylsiloxane fluid, wherein the gum a viscosity greater than about 1,000,000 centistokes, the fluid viscosity of about 10 centistokes to about 100,000 centistokes Duo ratio, gum and fluid is from about 30:70 to about 70:30, preferably from about 40:60 to about 60:40.

可包括在硅氧烷调理剂中的任选成分为硅氧烷树脂。 May be included in the silicone conditioning agent is silicone resin optional ingredients. 该硅氧烷树脂是高度交联的聚硅氧烷系统。 The silicone resin is a silicone system is highly crosslinked. 所述交联是通过在硅氧烷树脂生产期间将三官能和四官能硅烷与单官能或双官能硅烷或二者一起掺入来引入的。 The crosslinked by the silicone resin during production will be incorporated together trifunctional and tetrafunctional silanes with monofunctional or difunctional silanes, or both introduced. 正如本领域公知,为了得到硅氧烷树脂所需的交联程度将根据掺入硅氧烷树脂中的特定的硅烷单位而变化。 As it is known in the art, in order to obtain the desired degree of crosslinking incorporated into the silicone resin silicone resin according to the specific silane units varies. 通常,具有足够量的三官能和四官能硅氧烷单体单元(因此,具有足够的交联水平)的、从而在干燥时形成刚性或硬的膜的聚硅氧烷物质被认为是聚硅氧烷树脂。 Polysiloxane materials typically having a sufficient amount of trifunctional and tetrafunctional siloxane monomer units (and hence, has a sufficient level of crosslinking), thereby forming a rigid, or hard, film are considered dry when the polysilicate siloxane resin. 氧原子与硅原子的比例是具体的硅氧烷材料交联水平的指征。 The ratio of oxygen atoms to silicon atoms are crosslinked silicone materials specific level indications. 每一硅原子具有至少约1.1个氧原子的硅氧烷材料通常是本发明的硅氧烷树脂。 Silicone materials each silicon atom having at least about 1.1 oxygen atoms will generally be silicone resins herein. 优选地,氧原子:硅原子的比率为至少约1.2∶1.0。 Preferably, an oxygen atom: the ratio of silicon atoms is at least about 1.2:1.0. 可用于制备硅氧烷树脂的硅烷包括一甲基-、二甲基-、三甲基-、一苯-基、二苯基-、甲基苯基-、一乙烯基-和甲基乙烯基氯硅烷,以及四氯硅烷,其中甲基取代的硅烷是最常用的。 Silanes useful for preparing a silicone resin comprising methyl -, dimethyl -, trimethyl -, monophenyl - group, diphenyl -, methyl phenyl -, monovinyl -, and methylvinyl chlorosilanes, and tetrachlorosilane, wherein the methyl substituted silanes are the most commonly used. 优选的树脂是由General Electric供应的GE SS4230和SS4267。 Preferred resins supplied by General Electric GE SS4230 and SS4267. 市售硅氧烷树脂通常是以在低粘度的挥发性或非挥发性硅氧烷流体中的溶解形式提供。 Commercially available silicone resins usually in dissolved form in the volatile or nonvolatile silicone fluid of low viscosity provided. 适用于本发明的硅氧烷树脂应当以这样的溶解形式提供和掺入到本发明组合物中,这对于本领域技术人员来说是显而易见的。 Should be provided and incorporated into the compositions of the present invention is applicable to the silicone resin of the present invention in such a dissolved form, it will be apparent to the skilled artisan.

硅氧烷树脂可增强硅氧烷在毛发上的沉积性,并能增强具有高折射率体积的毛发的光泽度。 Silicone silicone resins can enhance deposition on hair and can enhance the glossiness of hair with high refractive index of the volume.

关于硅氧烷的背景材料包括讨论聚硅氧烷流体、树胶和树脂、以及硅氧烷制备的部分,可参见“Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering”,Volume 15,Second Edition,pp 204-308,John Wiley & Sons,Inc.,1989,该文献引入本文以供参考。 Background material on silicones including discussions fluids, gums and resins, as well as part of the preparation of silicone silicone, can be found in "Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering", Volume 15, Second Edition, pp 204-308, John Wiley & amp; Sons, Inc., 1989, which is incorporated herein by reference.

聚硅氧烷物质尤其是聚硅氧烷树脂可以方便地按照本领域专业人员公知的缩写命名法则,即“MDTQ”命名法识别。 Especially polysiloxane materials silicone resin can easily follow known to those skilled in the abbreviation nomenclature, i.e. "MDTQ" nomenclature identification. 在该体系下,根据所存在的组成聚硅氧烷的各种硅氧烷单体单元表示聚硅氧烷。 In this system, the composition according to the presence of various siloxane monomer polysiloxane units represented polysiloxane. 简要地说,符号M表示一官能单元(CH3)3SiO).5;D表示双功能单元(CH3)2SiO;T表示三官能单元(CH3)SiO1.5;Q表示--四官能单元SiO2。 Briefly, the symbol M denotes the monofunctional unit (CH3) 3SiO) .5; D represents a bifunctional unit (CH3) 2SiO; T represents the trifunctional unit (CH3) SiO1.5; Q represents - tetra-functional unit SiO2. 单元符号中的主要部分如M′、D′、T′和Q′表示除甲基以外的取代基,对每一种情况有特定定义。 The main part of the unit symbols eg M ', D', T ', and Q' denote substituents other than methyl, for each case there is a specific definition. 典型的其它取代基包括诸如乙烯基、苯基、氨基、羟基等的基团。 Other Typical substituents include such as vinyl, phenyl, amino, hydroxyl, etc. groups. 各单元的摩尔比,或以符号下标表示聚硅氧烷中每一类型单元的总数(或其平均数),或以具体表示的比例并结合分子量表示,从而完成了按照MDTQ系统对聚硅氧烷物质的描述。 The molar ratio of each unit, or to sign index indicates the total number of each type of silicone unit (or average), or represented by a ratio of specific and binding molecular representation, thus completing the system in accordance with MDTQ poly silicon Description siloxane material. 在硅氧烷树脂中,相对于D、D′、M和/或M′,较高摩尔量的T、Q、T′和/或Q′意味着较高水平的交联度。 Silicone resins, with respect to D, D ', M and / or M', the higher the molar amount of T, Q, T 'and / or Q' means a high level of cross-linking. 然而,如上所述,总的交联水平还可以通过氧与硅的比值来表示。 However, as mentioned above, the overall level of crosslinking can also be via the ratio of oxygen to silicon to represent.

可用于本发明的硅氧烷树脂优选是MQ、MT、MTQ、MQ和MDTQ树脂。 Can be used in the present invention are preferably silicone resins MQ, MT, MTQ, MQ and MDTQ resins. 因此,优选的硅氧烷取代基是甲基。 Thus, the preferred silicone substituent is methyl. 尤其优选的是MQ树脂,其中M∶Q比例为约0.5∶1.0至约1.5∶1.0,该树脂的平均分子量为约1000至约10,000。 Especially preferred are MQ resins wherein a ratio of from about 0.5 to 1.0 to M:Q about 1.5:1.0 average molecular weight of the resin is from about 1000 to about 10,000.

其它成分本发明组合物可以含有其它各种适于使该组合物在美容或审美上更易被接受或使其具有额外的使用益处的任选组分。 Other components of the compositions of the present invention may contain other various compositions adapted so that the cosmetically or aesthetically more acceptable or it has an additional optional components using benefits. 这些常规的任选成分是本领域专业人员公知的。 Such conventional optional ingredients are known to those skilled in the art.

可以将多种附加的成分配制在本发明组合物中。 A variety of additional ingredients may be formulated in the compositions of the present invention. 这些成分包括:其它调理剂;保持毛发的聚合物;去污表面活性剂如阴离子、非离子、两性和两性离子表面活性剂;附加的增稠剂和悬浮剂,如黄原胶、瓜耳胶、羟乙基纤维素、甲基纤维素、羟乙基纤维素、淀粉和淀粉衍生物;粘度改性剂,如长链脂肪酸的甲醇酰胺,如椰油一乙醇酰胺;结晶悬浮剂;珠光助剂如乙二醇二硬脂酸酯;防腐剂如苄基醇、对羟基苯甲酸甲酯、对羟基苯甲酸丙酯和咪唑烷基脲;聚乙烯醇;乙醇;pH调节剂,如柠檬酸、柠檬酸钠、琥珀酸、磷酸、氢氧化钠、碳酸钠;盐,一般如如乙酸钾和氯化钠;着色剂,如任意的FD&C或D&C染料;毛发氧化剂(漂白剂),如过氧化氢、过硼酸盐和过硫酸盐;毛发还原剂,如硫基乙酸盐;香料;螯合剂,如乙二胺四乙酸二钠;和高分子增塑剂,如甘油、己二酸二异丁酯、硬脂酸丁酯和丙二醇。 These components include: other conditioning agents; keeping hair polymer; detergent surfactants such as anionic, nonionic, amphoteric and zwitterionic surfactants; additional thickeners and suspending agents such as xanthan gum, guar gum , hydroxyethyl cellulose, methyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, starch and starch derivatives; viscosity modifiers, such as long-chain fatty acid amides of methanol, such as coconut monoethanolamide; crystalline suspending agents; pearlescent aids agents such as ethylene glycol distearate; preservatives such as benzyl alcohol, methyl paraben, propyl paraben and imidazolidinyl urea; polyvinyl alcohol; ethanol; pH adjusting agents, such as citric acid , sodium citrate, succinic acid, phosphoric acid, sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate; salts, in general such as potassium acetate and sodium chloride; coloring agents such as any of the FD & amp; C or D & amp; C dyes; hair oxidizing agent (bleaching agent) , such as hydrogen peroxide, perborates and persulfates; hair reducing agents, such as acetates thio; spices; chelating agents such as disodium edetate; and a polymeric plasticizer, such as glycerol, diisobutyladipate, butyl stearate, and propylene glycol. 这些任选成分单独的用量通常按组合物重量计为约0.01%至约10.0%、优选约0.05%至约5.0%。 These optional ingredients typically single dose of the composition by weight of about 0.01% to about 10.0%, preferably from about 0.05% to about 5.0%.

摩擦试验(Friction Test)在用本发明组合物处理后,毛发的摩擦系数优选为约1至约2。 Friction test (Friction Test) after treatment with the compositions of the present invention, the friction coefficient of the hair is preferably from about 1 to about 2. 更优选地,毛发的摩擦系数为约1.05至约1.8。 More preferably, the hair of the friction coefficient of about 1.05 to about 1.8. 还更优选地,毛发的摩擦系数为约1.1至约1.7。 Still more preferably, the hair of the friction coefficient of about 1.1 to about 1.7. 甚至更优选地,毛发的摩擦系数为约1.2至约1.6。 Even more preferably, hair friction coefficient of about 1.2 to about 1.6. 摩擦系数根据下述方法来测定:该方法测量未处理发簇与处理发簇的摩擦力变化。 Friction coefficient was measured according to the following method: This method of measuring changes in the untreated hair switch is treated hair friction cluster. 称过重的“滑车”(约4.6mm×3.1mm),重73g+/-5%,用约105微米孔径的尼龙网覆盖,其连接于测力装置,如Instron上,以恒定速度牵引通过20g的毛发簇(大约25cm(10英寸)长),其一端被夹住。 -Weighed "block" (about 4.6mm × 3.1mm), weight 73g +/- 5%, with approximately 105 micron pore size nylon mesh cover, which is connected to the force measuring device, such as the Instron, at a constant speed traction through 20g hair clusters (about 25cm (10 inches) long), one end of which is clamped.

所使用的毛发为白种人毛发,其被制成20克发簇,10英寸长,已被清洗干净以去除混杂的污垢。 The hair used was white hair, which hair switch was made 20 g, 10 inches long, it has been cleaned to remove dirt mixed. 然后使发簇在恒定温度为75℃,相对湿度(RH)为50%的房间内过夜。 Then make the hair switches at a constant temperature of 75 ℃, relative humidity (RH) of 50% of the room for the night.

将发簇按如下方法处理:在流动的自来水下将发簇预湿润。 The hair switch is treated as follows: in the flow of water will be pre-wet hair switch. 挤出过量的水,将发簇悬挂在架子上。 Squeeze off the excess water, the fat clusters hanging on a rack. 然后对于免洗型产品,将1.5cc试验产品施用到发簇表面,并将其摩擦揉入发簇,约30-40秒。 Then for disposable products, will 1.5cc test product is applied to the hair switch surface, and friction rub into the hair switch, about 30-40 seconds. 对于洗去型产品,将被测产品施用到湿润毛发上,剂量为0.1g/g,然后按摩/起泡约30秒,用水以约1.5加仑/分钟的流速漂洗约30秒,将该过程重复一次。 For rinse-off products that will be measured is applied to the wet hair product, a dose of 0.1g / g, then massage / bubble for about 30 seconds to about 1.5 gallons water / minute flow rate rinse for about 30 seconds, the process is repeated a. 然后使发簇变干,将上述处理循环总共重复3次。 Then dry hair switch, the above process is repeated three times in total circulation. 处理后,将发簇重新悬挂在架子上,并置于恒温房间(75℃/50%RH)内,平衡过夜。 After treatment, the hair switch again hanging on the shelf, and constant temperature room (75 ℃ / 50% RH) placed in the balance overnight.

将被测发簇夹在水平试验台的某个位置,梳理2至3次,确定毛发方向,去除缠结。 The test hair switch is caught in a location level test bench, combing 2-3 times, to determine the direction of the hair to remove tangles. 然后连接“滑板”并放在发簇上。 Then connect the "skateboard" and placed on the hair switch. 以约1cm/秒的速度前向拉动“滑板”,从而测量三个独立发簇的摩擦力,同时测量拉力(典型地以克计量)。 Previous rate of about 1cm / sec to pull "skateboard" made to measure three separate clusters of friction, while measuring the tension (typically measured at g). 当“滑板”达到恒定速度后,经至少5cm的距离来记录测量值,取至少十个值的平均值,得每个测量力。 When the "slide" reaches a constant speed, by at least a distance of 5cm to record measurements taken at least ten values of the average yield for each measuring force. 每个发簇进行至少三次测量。 Each hair switch at least three measurements. 用处理过的发簇的摩擦力除以未处理毛发的摩擦力的平均比值来确定摩擦系数。 Treated hair switches with friction divided by the average ratio of friction untreated hair to determine the coefficient of friction.

毛发感觉试验(Hair Feel Test)在用本发明组合物处理后,毛发的“毛发感觉”将优选小于约8。 Hair sensory testing (Hair Feel Test) after treatment with the composition of the present invention, the hair, "hair feel" will preferably less than about 8. 更优选地,毛发的“毛发感觉”将小于约7。 More preferably, the hair, "hair feel" will be less than about 7. 还更优选地,毛发的“毛发感觉”将小于约6。 Still more preferably, the hair, "hair feel" will be less than about 6. 甚至更优选地,毛发的“毛发感觉”将小于约5。 Even more preferably, the hair, "hair feel" will be less than about 5. 根据下述方法来测定“毛发感觉”:让至少5个受训的研究员来感觉干发簇,从而评估发簇。 According to the following method to determine "the hair feel": let at least five trained researcher to feel dry hair switch, in order to assess hair switch. 将20克、10英寸长、白种人发簇按本文“摩擦试验”所述的方法用本发明组合物进行处理,评估涂布感觉的量。 20 g, 10 inches long, white hair switch method press "friction test" described herein compositions of the present invention is processed to assess the amount of the coating feeling. 用0-10等级来评估处理过的发簇。 Grades 0-10 to assess the treated hair switches. 等级“0”表示非常干净感觉的毛发。 Level "0" indicates the hair very clean feeling. 等级“10”表示对毛发的非常被涂敷的感觉。 Level "10" indicates the hair feeling very being coated. 评估的最后分数基于被处理发簇,如下所述:0=用PanteneTMClarifying Shampoo处理10=0.75cc的包含2.0%二氧化硅(Sipernet 22LS,Degussa)的PemulenTR-1凝胶(得自BFGoodrich)颗粒在毛发簇中摩擦30秒。 Finally, based on the assessment scores are processed hair switch as follows: 0 = with PanteneTMClarifying Shampoo handle 10 = 0.75cc containing 2.0% silica (Sipernet 22LS, Degussa) of PemulenTR-1 gel (available from BFGoodrich) particles Hair cluster friction for 30 seconds.

每种待测组合物应用于三个不同的发簇。 Each test composition was applied to three different hair switches. 研究员们评估每个被处理发簇,取平均分作为总“毛发感觉”的得分。 Researchers are evaluating each score is processed hair switch, take the average score as always "hair feel".

使用方法本发明的护发组合物可按照常规方法来使用,以提供本发明的调理和其它有益效果。 Hair care compositions using the method of the present invention can be used in a conventional manner to provide conditioning and other benefits of the present invention. 这样的使用方法取决于所用的组合物的类型,但通常包括给毛发施加有效量的本发明产品,然后从毛发上漂洗掉(在护发素的情况下),或让其保留在毛发上(在凝胶剂、乳剂和膏剂的情况下)。 Such use depends on the type of composition, but typically include applying to the hair an effective amount of a product, and then rinsed from the hair (in the case conditioner), or let it remain on the hair ( In the case of gels, creams and ointment). “有效量”是指足够提供干的梳理有益效果的量。 "Effective amount" refers to an amount sufficient to provide a beneficial effect comb dry. 通常将约1g至约50g组合物施用至头皮的毛发。 Typically from about 1g to about 50g composition is applied to the scalp hair. 典型地,通过摩擦或按摩毛发和头皮将组合物分布到整个毛发上。 Typically, by rubbing or massaging the hair and scalp will be distributed to the entire composition of hair. 优选在将毛发干燥前,将组合物施加到润湿或潮湿的毛发上。 Preferably before the hair is dried, the composition is applied to wet or damp hair. 将这样的组合物施加到毛发上后,根据使用者的喜好将毛发干燥和定型。 After such a composition is applied to the hair, according to the user's preference drying and styling hair. 可替换地,将组合物施加至干毛发,然后根据使用者的喜好将毛发干燥和定型。 Alternatively, the composition is applied to dry hair, and then drying and styling hair according to user preferences.

实施例下列实施例说明了本发明。 EXAMPLES The following examples illustrate the present invention. 示例性的组合物可通过常规制剂和混合技术来制备。 Exemplary compositions may be prepared by conventional formulation and mixing techniques. 应理解,在并不背离本发明的精神和范围的条件下,在护发制剂领域的那些技术人员可以实施本发明的其它改变。 It should be understood that in not departing from the spirit and scope of the invention conditions, those skilled in the field of hair care formulations can implement other modifications of the present invention.

除非另外指明,否则本文中所有份数、百分数和比率均以重量计。 Unless otherwise specified herein, all parts, percentages and ratios are by weight. 某些成分可以是作为稀释溶液来自供应商。 Some ingredients may be from suppliers as dilute solutions. 除非另外指明,所给出的含量代表了活性物质的重量百分比。 Unless otherwise indicated, the content given represents the percentage by weight of active substance.

实施例1至7本发明的毛发漂洗组合物按下述组分制备: The hair rinse compositions of Examples 1-7 was prepared according to the invention the following components:

(1)PEG-7M为聚乙二醇,其中n的平均值为约7,000,以商品名PolyoxWSR N-750购自Union Carbide。 (1) PEG-7M is polyethylene glycol, wherein n has an average value of about 7,000, tradename PolyoxWSR N-750 available from Union Carbide.

(2)PEG-2M为聚乙二醇,其中n的平均值为约2,000,以商品名PolyoxWSR N-10购自Union Carbide。 (2) PEG-2M is polyethylene glycol, wherein n has an average value of about 2,000, tradename PolyoxWSR N-10 available from Union Carbide.

(3)D5环甲基硅氧烷和聚二甲基硅氧烷树胶(重均分子量为约4000,000至约600,000)的85%/15%(按重量计)混合物。 (3) D5 cyclomethicone and dimethicone gum (weight average molecular weight of about 4000,000 to about 600,000) 85% / 15% (by weight) of the mixture.

(4)聚三甲基氢化甲硅烷基硅酸盐,m以50wt.%的十甲基环戊硅氧烷溶液加入,购自General Electric Silicone Products,商品名为SS 4320。 (4) hydrogenated poly trimethyl silyl silicate, m to 50wt.% Of decamethylcyclopentasiloxane was added, commercially available from General Electric Silicone Products, under the trade name SS 4320.

(5)Dow Corning 705,购自Dow Corning Corp.(Midland,MI,USA)。 (5) Dow Corning 705, available from Dow Corning Corp. (Midland, MI, USA).

(6)甲基氯异噻唑啉(和)甲基异噻唑啉,其为防腐剂,购自Rohm & HaasCo.,(Philadelphia,USA.)(10)Sipernat 22LS,得自Degussa(11)Tospearl 240,得自GE Silicones(12)Tospearl 3120,得自GE Silicones(13)9506 Cosmetic Powder,得自Dow Corning(14)Microsilk 419,得自MicroPowders,Inc. (6) methyl chloride isothiazolin (and) methyl isothiazolone, which is a preservative available from Rohm & amp; HaasCo, (Philadelphia, USA.) (10) Sipernat 22LS, available from Degussa (11) Tospearl. 240, available from GE Silicones (12) Tospearl 3120, available from GE Silicones (13) 9506 Cosmetic Powder, available from Dow Corning (14) Microsilk 419, available from MicroPowders, Inc.

(15)PTFE-20聚四氟乙烯粉末,得自Presperse,Inc. (15) PTFE-20 PTFE powder obtained from Presperse, Inc.

(16)得自Expancel Corp. (16) was obtained from Expancel Corp.

(17)红氧化铁70101,得自Cardre,Inc. (17) Red iron oxide 70101, available from Cardre, Inc.

(18)得自Engelhard,Corp实施例8-15本发明的毛发漂洗组合物按下述组分制备: (18) was obtained from Engelhard, Corp embodiment 8-15 of the present invention a hair rinse composition prepared the following components:

(1)硬脂酰氨基丙基二甲胺:AMIDOAMINE MPS,得自Nikko(2)L-谷氨酸:L-GLUTAMIC ACID(化妆品级),得自Ajinomoto(3)鲸蜡醇:KONOL系列,得自New Japan Chemical(4)硬脂醇:KONOL系列,得自New Japan Chemical(5)油醇:UNJECOL 90BHR,得自New Japan Chemical(6)矿物油:BENOL,得自Witco(7)硅氧烷:D5环甲基硅氧烷和聚二甲基硅氧烷树胶(重均分子量为约400,000至约600,000)85%/15%(按重量计)混合物,得自General Electric Co. (1) stearyl amidopropyl dimethylamine: AMIDOAMINE MPS, available from Nikko (2) L- glutamic acid: L-GLUTAMIC ACID (cosmetic grade) available from Ajinomoto (3) Cetyl Alcohol: KONOL series, available from New Japan Chemical (4) Stearyl alcohol: KONOL series, available from New Japan Chemical (5) oleyl alcohol: UNJECOL 90BHR, available from New Japan Chemical (6) Mineral oil: BENOL, available from Witco (7) silicone alkyl: D5 cyclomethicone and dimethicone gum (weight average molecular weight of from about 400,000 to about 600,000) 85% / 15% (by weight) mixture, available from General Electric Co.

(8)Kathon CG:甲基氯异噻唑啉和甲基异噻唑啉的混合物,得自Rohm &Hass Co.,(Philadelphia,PA,USA)。 (8) Kathon CG: methyl chloride and methyl isothiazolin isothiazoline mixtures, available from Rohm & amp; Hass Co, (Philadelphia, PA, USA)..

(9)硬脂酰氨基乙基二乙基胺:AMIDOAMINE S,得自Nikko(10)Sipernat 22LS,得自Degussa(11)Tospearl 240,得自GE Silicones(12)Tospearl 3120,得自GE Silicones(13)9506 Cosmetic Powder,得自Dow Corning(14)Microsilk 419,得自MicroPowders,Inc. (9) stearyl amido ethyl-diethyl amine: AMIDOAMINE S, available from Nikko (10) Sipernat 22LS, available from Degussa (11) Tospearl 240, available from GE Silicones (12) Tospearl 3120, available from GE Silicones ( 13) 9506 Cosmetic Powder, available from Dow Corning (14) Microsilk 419, available from MicroPowders, Inc.

(15)PTFE-20聚四氟乙烯粉末,得自Presperse,Inc. (15) PTFE-20 PTFE powder obtained from Presperse, Inc.

(16)得自Expancel Corp. (16) was obtained from Expancel Corp.

(17)红氧化铁70101,得自Cardre,Inc. (17) Red iron oxide 70101, available from Cardre, Inc.

(18)得自Engelhard,Corp (18) was obtained from Engelhard, Corp

对于实施例8至11,在高于约70℃下混合水、硬脂酰氨基丙基二甲胺和约50%的L-谷氨酸。 For Examples 8-11, above about 70 ℃ mixing water, stearyl amidopropyl dimethylamine and about 50 percent of L- glutamic acid. 然后在搅拌下加入高熔点脂肪族化合物和苄基醇。 Is then added with stirring and the high melting point fatty compound benzyl alcohol. 在冷却到低于60℃后,在搅拌下加入剩余的L-谷氨酸和其它剩余组分,然后冷却至约30℃。 After cooling to below 60 ℃, stirring remainder of L- glutamic acid and other remaining ingredients, and then cooled to about 30 ℃. 实施例8至11具有许多优点。 Example 8-11 has many advantages. 例如,它们可给湿毛发提供营养浓艳色和乳脂色,同时当毛发变干时具有良好的梳理感和光泽外观。 For example, they can be supplied to wet hair nutrient rich and gaudy color and creamy, and when having a good appearance and gloss combing the hair dries.

对于实施例12至15,在高于70℃的温度下混合水、酰氨基胺和50%的L-谷氨酸。 For Examples 12-15, the mixed water, amidoamines and 50% of L- glutamic acid at a temperature higher than 70 ℃. 然后在搅拌下加入高熔点脂肪族化合物和苄基醇(如果可以使用)。 Then added with stirring high melting point fatty compound and benzyl alcohol (if available). 在冷却到低于60℃后,在搅拌下加入剩余的50%L-谷氨酸和剩余的组分,然后冷却至约30℃。 After cooling to below 60 ℃, stirring was added the remaining 50% L- glutamic acid and the remaining ingredients, and then cooled to about 30 ℃.

应当理解到,本发明的实施例和实施方案只是用于举例说明,并且给本领域的技术人员提供了它们的各种轻微改进和变化,这些改进和变化都没有超出本发明的范围。 It should be understood that the examples and embodiments of the present invention is for illustrative purposes only, and those skilled in the art to provide their various minor improvements and changes, such modifications and variations do not go beyond the scope of this invention.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN102762191A *15 Sep 201031 Oct 2012陶氏环球技术有限责任公司Silicone deposition aid for personal care compositions
Classifications
International ClassificationA61K8/41, A61Q5/00, A61Q5/12, A61K8/25, A61K8/81, A61K8/34, A61K8/00, A61K8/86, A61K8/891, A61K8/58, A61K8/37, A61K8/90, A61K8/89, A61K8/04, A61K8/31, A61K8/11
Cooperative ClassificationA61K8/891, A61K8/416, A61K8/86, A61K8/0241, A61K2800/412, A61K8/8152, A61K8/342, A61K8/25, A61K8/11, A61Q5/12, A61K8/90, A61K8/31, A61K8/585
European ClassificationA61K8/11, A61K8/41L, A61K8/02N, A61K8/891, A61Q5/12, A61K8/34C, A61K8/58C, A61K8/90, A61K8/31, A61K8/25, A61K8/81K4, A61K8/86
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5 Jan 2005C06Publication
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15 Nov 2006C02Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)