|Publication number||US3905445 A|
|Publication date||16 Sep 1975|
|Filing date||20 Jul 1973|
|Priority date||12 Jan 1972|
|Publication number||US 3905445 A, US 3905445A, US-A-3905445, US3905445 A, US3905445A|
|Inventors||Terry D Scharton|
|Original Assignee||Bolt Beranek & Newman|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (11), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 Scharton Sept. 16, 1975 [5 VORTEX TURBULENCE NOISE 3,528,336 9 1970 Donner 181/60 GENERATION SUPPRESSOR FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS  Inventor: Terry D. Scharton, Santa Monica,
Calif 366,287 2/1932 Umted Kingdom 181/60  Assignee: Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc., I
C a mb ri dge M ass. Przmary Examiner-Joseph W. Hartary Assistant ExaminerU. Weldon  Filed! July 20, 1973 Attorney, Agent, or FirmRines Rines; Shapiro and 21 Appl. No.: 381,000 shapro Related US. Application Data  Continuation of Ser. No. 217,369, Jan. 12, 1972,  ABSTRACT abandoned.
This disclosure deals with structures for suppressing a 52 US. Cl. 181/46; 181/33 l-IB Substantial Percentage of noise that nonnally is atten-  Int. Cl. FOIN 1/00 dam p Vortex generation from j engines, blow"  Field f Search u 1 4 5 60 33 H, 33 HA, flaps, turbine outlets and the like, involving successive 181/33 HB, 33 HC, 33 HD tubular sections of successively reduced width disposed longitudinally, preferably along a common axis.
8 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PATENTEI] SEP 1 8 .915
1 I000 2000 4000 8000 16,000 ONE-THIRD OCTAVE BAND CENTER FREQUENCIES (HI) SUPPRESSED 0 x /A w F n R I P l w MVw I w I l U I n w w w w m w VORTEX TI JRBU LENCE NOISEGENERATION SUPPRESSOR i This is .a continuation application of Ser. No. 217,369, filed Jan. 12, 1972, now abandoned.
The present invention relates to the suppression of the generation of noise in exhaust outlets such asjet engines, blownflap structures for producing additional lift in aircraft, turbines and similar systems, all having vortex-type exhausts, generically referred toherein as jet outlets. q
Numerous types of passive and dynamic. noise suppressors have been proposed through the years for reducing the generation of noise in-fluid flow systems, such as, for example, those associated with vehicular engines and the like as described, for example, in US. Letters Pat. No. 2,893,508, issued July 7, 1959 to Clayton H. Allen and Jordan J. Baruch and assigned to Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc., the assignee of the present invention. Particular problems, however, exist in connection with the noise generated in the production of vortices associated with jet outlets of the beforementioned types, as discussed, as an illustration, in an article by G. S. Beavers et al. entitled Vortex Growth in Jets," appearing in the Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 44, Part I, 1970. Attempts have'been made to overcome this problem by multi-tube devices that, for example, break up the jet into small uncorrelated jet outlets, as described by G. S. Schairer et al. in AIAA Paper No. 68-1023, Perspective of SST Aircraft Noise Problem, October, 1968, particularly FIG. 30. Such devices, however, are complex and involve breaking the jet circumferentially, which has been found actually not to be necessary to the purposes of the present invention. In accordance with a discovery underlying the present invention, to the contrary, it has been found that the base pressure drag inherent in such multielement suppressors may be eliminated with a much simpler design that only breaks up the jet radially.
An object of the invention, accordingly, is to provide a new and improved noise-generation suppressor for a jet outlet that is not subject to such pressure drag problems and that obviates the disadvantages of complex circumferential dividing structures, effecting vortex noise-generation suppression, rather, with a far more simple and effective construction.
A further object is to provide a novel noise suppressor of more general applicability, as well.
Other and further objects will be described hereinafter and are more particularly pointed out in the appended claims. In summary, however, from one of its aspects, the invention contemplates a noise generation suppressor for a jet outlet and the like having, in combination, a plurality of hollow tubular members mounted upon the outlet and extending therefrom along a common longitudinal axis, the successive tubular members being of successively reduced transverse cross dimension or width at successive longitudinally spaced positions from the outlet along the axis.
The invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawing, FIG. 1 of which is an isometric schematic view of a preferred form of the invention as applied to cylindrical jet outlets;
FIG. 2 is a longitudinal section illustrating vortex generation;
FIG. 3 is a graph of experimentally obtained results;
and H FIG. 4 is an end view ofa rectangular geometry modification'.
Referringto the drawings, ajet outlet 1, as from ajet engine or the like, is shown having mounted thereon by means of ribs or other brackets 2, successive cylindrical hollow vanes or tubular members 3, 3, 3", 3", etc., each -of successively reduced transverse crossdimension; width or'diameter,-and each disposed at successivelongitudinally spaced positions rearward of the outlet 1 along the common longitudinal axis A. The successive longitudinal disposition of the coaxial members 3, 3, 3", 3"" and their tapered crossdimensioning is selected to fall within the inner converging tapered conical potential core C of FIG. 2, containing successive regions -l-, etc. surrounding which successive oppositely rotating vortices are generated from such jet outlets, with the members 3, 3, 3", 3" radially breaking-up the vortex patterns. The successively reduced transverse width or diameter of the successive coaxially mounted members, thus shaped to conform to the rate of convergence of the potential core C of the vortices, prevents large-scale vortices from being formed and produces, rather, a set of small, annular uncorrelated jets. This has been found to suppress much of the noise generated by the large-scale vortex generation.
In certain applications, including that later-described in connection with the performance illustrated in FIG. 3, the length of the successive members 3, 3, 3", 3 is made substantially equal, with each member overlapping a part of the preceding member; and the supporting brackets 2 may be disposed at different circumferential locations or spacings for the successive members, as shown. 7
Other parallel sheet configurations than successively reduced-dimension circular cylindrical tubular members may also be employed, where appropriate, including parallel rectangular plate members, schematically shown at 30, 30', 30", etc. in connection with a rectangular outlet in FIG. 4. In all cases, however, the invention is concerned with preventing or suppressing noise generation in the first instance, as distinguished from absorbing already generated sound.
Comparing the radiated sound power with frequency for an experimental jet nozzle of five-eighths inch inside diameter, as used in a turbine nozzle, with tubular members 3, 3, 3", 3" of the type shown in FIG. 1, down to one-sixteenth inch for the smallest diameter and over a longitudinal distance of about 2 inches, noise reduction of the order of 10 decibels was obtained (Suppressed curve in FIG. 3) over a broad frequency band extending from 250 to 10,000 Hz. From experience. with scaling techniques in this field, it has been determined that similar substantial improvement can be obtained with much larger structures, as well as smaller structures. These tests show, moreover, that these novel results can be accomplished with relatively small thrust lost; namely, that due primarily to friction drag.
Where the jet outlet takes a different geometrical configuration, such as other geometrically configured outlets, as in the before-mentioned blown flap structures for adding wing lift in some aircraft, the tubular or plate members may assume corresponding geometrical configurations; but with the same constructional features and relative positioning and dimensioning before-discussed.
Further modifications will also occur to those skilled in this art and all such are considered to fall within the spirit and-'scope-of the invention as defined in the appended clair'ns.
What is claimed is:
1. .A noise generation suppressor for breaking up the exhaust of a jet outlet into a plurality of streams while minimizing flow-dividing drag, having, in combination, means including a plurality of successive longitudinally extending passages of successively smaller crossdimension for dividing said exhaust into a plurality of streams and for breaking-up the vortex pattern of said exhaust, each-of said passages having an inlet at one end and an outlet at the opposite end, each inlet being located adjacent the outlet of the preceding passage. and remote from the inlet of the preceding passage, and each passage being-substantially freely open and devoid of transverse sub-division along said cross-dimension throughout most of its length.
2. A noise generation suppressor as claimed in claim 1 and in which saidpassage's are of about equal length.
3. A noise generation suppressor as claimed in claim 1 and in which each of said passages overlaps only a portion of the preceding passage.
4. A noise generation suppressor as claimed in claim 1 and in which said passages have substantially cylindrical cross-section.
5. A noise generation suppressor as claimed in claim 1 and in which said passages have substantially rectangular cross-section.
6. A noise generation suppressor as claimed in claim 1 and in which said passages comprise plate members.
7. A noise generation suppressor as claimed in claim 1 and in which said passage outlets are rectangular slits.
8. A noise generation suppressor as claimed in claim land in which said jet outlet has associated therewith a converging potential core and in which said passages are located within the converging potential core.
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|International Classification||F02K1/40, F02K1/00, F01N13/08|
|Cooperative Classification||F02K1/40, F01N13/082|
|European Classification||F02K1/40, F01N13/08B|