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Publication numberUS2629287 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date24 Feb 1953
Filing date10 Jan 1948
Priority date10 Jan 1948
Publication numberUS 2629287 A, US 2629287A, US-A-2629287, US2629287 A, US2629287A
InventorsPearson Charles B
Original AssigneeHughes Tool Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Antirollback brake for ammunition boosters
US 2629287 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 24, 1953 c. B. PEARSON ANTIROLLBACK BRAKE FOR AMMUNITION BOOSTERS Filed Jan. 10, 1948 Illll 2 SHEETSSHEET 2 fizz-e. 4

flrrowvex Patented Feb. 24, 1953 ANTIROLLBACK BRAKE FOR AMlVIUNITION BOOSTERS Application January 10, 1948, Serial No. 1,573

15 Claims.

This invention relates generally to ammunition boosters for use in feeding ammunition to an automatic gun. More particularly this invention relates to a brake assembly associated with the drive of such a booster, the purpose of which is to prevent retrograde motion of the ammunition belt except when desired and upon voluntary operation of a suitable brake releasing means.

The booster mechanism embodying the present invention is comprised of a relatively small electric motor surrounded by a hollow tubular sprocket, rotatably mounted with respect to the motor and adapted by suitably positioned sprocket teeth, to feed a belt of machine gun ammunition over it in the manner of a sprocket chain. A free wheeling connection is provided between the motor and the sprocket so that when the motor is energized, rotary power is delivered from the motor to the sprocket, but when the motor is unenergized, the belt may be pulled freely over' the sprocket by the firing action of the gun. Thus if the electrical system is disabled, making it impossible to energize the motor, the gun may still be fired in a normal manner. A booster mechanism embodying the foregoing features is disclosed in the co-pending application of Claude C. Slate, Serial No. 444,755 filed May 27, 1942, now Letters Patent No. 2,436,404 issued February 24, 1948.

The present invention relates to an improvement of the booster mechanism disclosed in the Slate application, said improvement comprising an anti-rollback device to prevent retrograde motion of the ammunition belt. Retrograde motion of the ammunition belt may take place when the guns are not firing, when the motor is de-energized, or when a momentary force, greater than that exerted by the motor and gun acting in unison, is applied in a backward direction to the belt. One type of anti-rollbackdevice is disclosed in copending application of Leif E. Jenssen and John A. Warren, Serial No. 779,046, filed October 10, 1947, in which the device is interposed in the train of reduction gearing and on a shaft extending from the output pinion which engages the final driven gear.

According to the present invention the antirollback device is incorporated into the free wheeling connection of the booster transmission in such a manner that the least possible move ment of the ammunition belt will cause the device to energize and stop the backward rotation of the belt. The device comprises a coil spring .in continuous frictional engagement with an internal cylindrical surface of the driving member of the free wheeling connection. In addition, the anti-rollback device includes selectively operable means for overcoming the action of the spring in order to permit backward rotation of the belt whenever desired.

Therefore, it is an object of the present invention to provide an ammunition booster having an anti-rollback device incorporated into the free wheeling connection of the booster.

It is a further object of this invention to provide an anti-rollback device concentrically located within the driving member of the freewheeling clutch, and to thus provide a powerful, self-energizing one-way brake in the power train close to. the belt moving sprockets.

It is an additional object to locate such a brake in the power train where the least possible retrograde movement of the ammunition belt will cause the brake to energize and stop the backward rotation of the sprockets and the belt, and where the brake will not restrain the forward and independent movement of the belt.

It is another object of the invention to provide a single member which operates as part of the free-wheeling clut h, and which also operates as part of the anti-rollback brake.

It is a still further object to provide an antirollback brake of the coil spring type which is self-energized by its own spring tension, and which is in'c'onstant frictional engagement with an internal cylindrical surface existing within the driving member of the free-wheeling clutch.

Still another obiect is to provide means to overcome the self-energizing efiect of the brake so as to permit backward movement of the belt when required; for example, when unloading the ammunition from the belt.

For a more detailed description of a booster mechanism incorporating the present invention, reference should now be had to the attached drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a partially sectioned elevational view of an electrically powered booster embodying the present invention;

Figure 2 is an enlarged ex loded view of portions of the device shown in Figure 1, these parts being separated to illustrate their individual shapes;

Figure 3' is a perspective view'showing certain of the parts shown in Figure 2 Figure 4 is a bottom view of some of the parts of the device shown in Figure 1, the view being taken on the line 6-4 in Figure 1;

Figure 5 is an elevational section taken on the line 55 in Figure 1;

Figure 6 is a View taken similarly to Figure 5 of a modified form of the invention; and,

Figure '7 is an enlarged elevational section taken on the line 7-7 in Figure 6,.

Referring now to the drawings, and particularly to Figure 1 thereof, it will be seen that the booster embodying this invention comprises an outer rctatable shell it on which are welded or otherwise secured a pair of aligned tooth members H and i2 adapted to engage ammunition of the type shown in phantom line in Figure l and identified by the reference character The shell i8 is rotatably supported on ball bearings l5 and Hi, the inner races of which are carried on the housing of an electric motor i! which is secured to a vertical supporting surface l3 and supplied with power by a two conductor lead IS.

The forward ends (to the right in Figure 1) of shell H3 is additionally supported by a ball bearing 20, the inner race of which is supported on a fixed drum-shaped member 21 secured to a support plate 22. The ball bearing 29 additionally serves to align motor I! coaxially with drumshaped member 2 l.

The motor 11 includes within the forward end of its housing, a gear reduction 25 indicated in dotted lines in Figure 1 which delivers rotary power to a forwardly projecting splined shaft 26 which carries afilxed thereto, the inner member 2? of a roller-jam overrunning clutch. This clutch is of the type shown in the above mentioned co-pending application, Serial No. 444,755.

The inner clutch member 21 is provided with a number of peripheral wedge shaped openings carrying rollers 28 adapted to engage by jamming action, an outer clutch member 29 which is attached to, and drives shell and also carries the outer races of ball bearings and 28. Thus when motor I? is energized to drive shaft 28 in a clockwise direction (Figure 5) the jamming action of rollers 28 directly couples inner member 2'? and the outer member 29 of the overrunning clutch whereby to drive shell ill in a clockwise direction.

As previously mentioned, the purpose of the present invention is to provide an anti-rollback brake so shell it may run freely in a forward,

i. e., clockwise direction, but will be normally prevented from rotating in a counterclockwise direction. This purpose is accomplished by an assembly of parts best seen in Figure 2. The antirollback brake of this invention comprises a close wound coil spring 38, the outer peripheral surface 3i of which is placed in light frictional contact with an inner cylindrical surface 32 of clutch member 2? when these parts are assembled. One end of spring is held fixed by a terminal lug 33 positioned in a socket 35 of a stationary kidney shaped member 35 to be described more fully hereinafter.

Since spring 39 is wound away from lug 33 in a clockwise direction, when the motor I? is energized to drive the shell iii in a clockwise direction, the frictional contact of the rotating clutch member 2'1 with spring 36 tends to wrap the spring 219 in a direction to reduce its diameter. Therefore when shell l0 rotates in a clockwise direction the frictional contact pressure of spring 38 with clutch member 27 is reduced and clutch men ber 2'5 and shell 18 permitted to rotate freely. If, however, it is attempted to rotate clutch member 2? in a counterclockwise direction, the fric-- tional engagement with spring 30 tends to unwrap the same whereby to increase its external diameter and jam it against internal cylindrical surface 32 of clutch member 2? and eifeotively stop counter rotation.

In order to take maximum advantage of this wrapping and unwrapping action of spring 38, it is desirable that the turns of spring 33 be held in close contact with each other and spring 36 be prevented from elongating axially to separate the turns. The coils of spring ED are held in this closed position by a pair of downwardly extending flanges 36 and 3? formed in kidney shaped member 35. As can be seen in Figure 4, the inner surfaces of flangesfili and 37 are helically shaped so as to conform to the end surfaces of spring 33.

The kidney shaped member 35 is fixed with respect to the rotating parts of the assembly being received in a suitably shaped recess 33 formed in the inner surface of drum-shaped member 21, and held in place by a pair of screws ll.

As previously mentioned, another of the important features of an assembl of the class under discussion, is that the anti-rollback brake be releasable upon occasion, to permit counter rotation of the booster drive members. It will be realized that an independent force operating on coil spring 30 tending to wrap spring ac and reduce its external diameter will effectively disengage the spring from inner clutch member 27 and permit free rotation of member 2'1 in either direction.

This independent wrapping action of spring 30 is accomplished by a core member 49 rotatably supported on a hub 38 in inner clutch member 21 and positioned within spring 33. The core mem ber 30 is provided with a radial recess ii into which an inwardly extending terminal lug 82' of spring 3'3 projects. The result of this is that if core member M is rotated in a clockwise direction, spring 35 is wrapped in a direction to reduce its diameter whereby to release the anti-rollback brake. On the other hand, if core member 49 is rotated in a counterclockwise direction, spring 30 is unwrapped with the result that the brake is engaged. The rotary bias of spring 30 is such as to normally move core member 40 to the latter position, i. e., with the anti-rollback brake en gased or engageable.

The core member 49 is provided with a crank pin 42 which projects forwardly through an arouately slotted opening 43 to the back of fixed drumshaped member 2i. An operating lever $5 is pivotally carried by a smooth stub end of shaft 26 to permit rocking motion of lever 45 about the axial center of the booster assembly. The pin 62 is received in a suitable hole in lever so that motion of the lever in a clockwise direction tends to wrap spring and vice versa. An operating cable 55 is provided in order that lever 45 may be operated from a remote point.

A cover plate 55 is secured to the forward end of the assembly to seal the interior against foreign matter, and additionally to hold lever 45 in place. As can be seen best in Figure 2, drumshaped member 2! is milled away on its forward surface, as indicated by the numeral 5! whereby to receive lever 35.

In a modified form of the invention illustrated in Figures 6 and '7, lever 45 is dispensed with and a link {it and the eyes 6! and 62 formed in the ends thereof, is engaged directly with pin 42 and brought out through a suitable slot 53 to be directly connected to operating cable 45. As in the previous embodiment, cover plate serves to hold link 68 in place. A small coil compression spring 65 is provided surrounding the shank of link 69 and anchored in stationary member 2! whereby to exert a thrusting action on link 60 to aid counterclockwise rotation of core member 40 in moving spring 313 to its normally expanded position.

The invention operates as follows. When loading ammunition over the booster assembly, during which operation free rotation in either direction is desired, tension is applied to operating cable 45. The result of such tension is to rotate core member 4!! in a clockwise direction, thus radially contracting spring so and reducing its diameter whereby to disengage spring 38 from interior cylindrical surface 32 of inner clutch member 27. With the anti-rollback brake disengaged in this manner, shell it may be rotated in either direction. When shell H3 is rotated counterclockwise the result is to engage the roller jammed clutch whereby to rotate inner clutch member 2'! and eventually motor I! through gear transmission 25.

When the ammunition magazines have been loaded in the manner just described, tension in the cable 45 is then released, permitting spring 39 to expand to its normal position in light frictional engagement with surface 32. Such frictional engagement does not prevent the free forward motion of the booster under the power of the motor, but the instant that backward urging torque is applied to tooth member [2, spring 30 is caused to expand radially somewhat, bringing it into secure engagement with surface 32 and preventing backward motion.

It is thus seen that this invention discloses an anti-rollback brake, opposing any backward urging torque in the booster and self-energized by its own tension, to prevent any counter rotation of the sprocket or the motor. Furthermore, means are disclosed to selectively overcome the self-energizing action of the brake so as to permit free movement of the booster in either direction, whenever such movement is desired.

While the anti-rollback brake systems shown and described herein are fully capable of achieving the objects and providing the advantages hereinbefore stated, it is realized that they are capable of considerable modification by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention. Therefore the protection sought is not meant to be limited to the scope of the forms shown and described, but rather to the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In an ammunition booster having an ammunition carrying sprocket and a rotary power source, a power transmission for driving the sprocket from the power source, said transmission comprising: overrunning clutch means connected between said independent power source and said sprocket, to drive said sprocket in a given direction and to permit said sprocket to run freely in said given direction at a speed greater than the speed of said power source, said clutch means including a rotating member having an inner cylindrical surface, stationary supporting means positioned adjacent said member; an anti-rollback member supported on said supporting means and normally frictionally engaged with said surface to permit rotation of said rotating member in said given direction but to prevent counter rotation of said rotating member; and means operatively connected to said anti-rollback member for selectively disengaging said anti-rollback member from said rotating member to permit free rotation of said rotating member in either direction.

2. In an ammunition booster having an ammunition carrying sprocket and a rotary power source, a power transmission for driving the sprocket from the power source, said transmission comprising: overrunning clutch means connected between said power source and said sprocket to drive said sprocket in one direction and to permit said sprocket to run freely in said one direction at a speed greater than the speed of said power source, said clutch means including a rotating member having a cylindrical friction surface; and anti-rollback means frictionally engaged with said friction surface to permit rotation of said member in said one direction but to prevent counter rotation of said member.

3. In an ammunition booster having an ammunition carrying sprocket and a rotary power source, a power transmission for driving the sprocket from the power source, said transmission comprising: overrunning clutch means connected between said power source and said sprocket to drive said sprocket in a given direction and to permit said sprocket to run freely in said given direction at a speed greater than the speed of said power source, said clutch means including a rotating member; anti-rollback means including an expansible member in frictional contact with said rotating member, said expansible member being expansible upon rotation of said rotating member in a direction counter to said given direction whereby to increase the pressure of said frictional contact and prevent further counter rotation; and control means engaged with said expansible member to contract said expansible member thereby to selectively permit free rotation of said rotating member in either direction.

4. In an ammunition booster having an ammunition carrying sprocket and a rotary power source, a power transmission for rotating the sprocket from the power source in one direction, said transmission comprising: a rotatable member coupled between said sprocket and said power source for rotating said sprocket in said one direction said member having an interior cylindrical surface; stationary supporting means adjacent said member; and a close wound coil spring having one end fixed to said supporting means and having its exterior surface in frictional contact with said cylindrical surface, said spring being wound away from said one end in said one direction whereby rotation of said member in said one direction contracts said spring to reduce the pressure of said fri tional contact while rotation of said member in a direction counter to said one direction expands said spring to increase said pressure and stop said counter rotation.

5. In an ammunition booster having an arm munition carrying sprocket and a power source, a power transmission for driving the sprocket from the power source, said transmission comprising: a rotatable member coupled between the power source and the sprocket for rotating the sprocket in one direction, said member having an interior cylindrical surface; a radially expansible coil spring having a fixed end, the peripheral surface of said spring being in frictional contact with said interior surface of said member, said spring being expansible by partial rotation of said member in a direction counter to said one direction to increase the pressure of further frictional contact and prevent said counter rotation; and manual control means for disengaging said spring from said interior surface of said member, said control means including rotatable means coupled with the unsecured end of said spring and rotatable in said one direction to confrom said member and permit free rotation of tract said spring thereby to disengage said spring said member in either direction.

6. In an ammunition booster having an ammunition carrying sprocket and a rotary power source, a power transmission for driving the sprocket from the power source, said transmission comprising a rotatable member coupled between the power source and the sprocket for rotating the sprocket in one direction, said member an interior ylindricai surface: stationary supporting means adjacent said member and including a bearing rotatably supporting said sprocket; a close wound coil spring fixed at one end to said supporting means and having its peripheral surface in frictional contact with said cylindrical surface, said spring being wound away from said one end in said one direction whereby rotation of said member in s one direction contracts said spring to reduce the pressure of said frictional contact while rotation of said member in a direction counter to said one direction expands said spring to increase said pressure and stop said counter rotation; and manual control means for disensaid spring from said cylindrical surface, said control means including a core member coupled with the unsecured end of said spring and rotatable in said one direction to contract said spring to disengage said spring from said rotatable member and permit free rotation of said rotatable member in either direction, a crank pin on said core member, and control cable means operatively connected to said pin f rotating said core member.

7. In an ammunition booster having an ammunition carrying sprocket and a power source, a power transmission for rotating the sprocket from the power source in one direction, said transmission including: a rotatable member coupled between the power sprocket for rotating the sprocket in said one direction, said member having an interior cylindrical surface; a radially expansible coil spring having its peripheral surface in frictional contact with said cylindrical surface of said rotatable member, said spring being expansible by rotation of said rotatable member in a direction counter to said one direction to increase the pressure of said frictional contact and prevent further counter rotation; manual control means for disengaging said spring from said cylindrical surface of said rotatable member, said control means including a core member coupled with the unsecured end of said spring and rotatable in said one direction to contract said spring to disengage said spring from said rotatable member and permit free rotation of said rotatable member in either direction; and an auxiliary spring operatively connected to said control means to resist the disengaging action of said control means.

8. [in ammunition booster comprising: a sprocket for engaging and moving a belt of ammunition, said sprocket having a hollow cylindrical body; power means positioned within said hollow body, said power means including a motor, a shaft coaxial with said body and reduction gearing for delivering rotary power from said motor to said shaft; an overrunning clutch having a drive member secured to said source and the shaft, a driven member secured to said body, and means positioned between said drive'and driven members for driving said driven member from said drive member in one direction and to permit said driven member to overrun said drive member, said drive member having an interior cylindrical friction surface; supporting means, positioned adjacent said clutch, for rotatably mounting said sprocket; anti-rollback means including a close wound coil spring having first and second ends and having its exterior peripheral surface in frictional contact with said cylindrical surface and, a holding member secured to said drum shaped member and secured to said first end of said spring, said holding member including flanges to prevent axial expansion of said spring, said spring being Wound away from said first end in said one direction to permit rotation of said drive member in said one direction but to prevent rotation of said drive member in a direction opposite to said one direction; and manual control means for said spring, said control means including a core member coupled with said second end of said spring and rotatable in said one direction to contract said spring to disengage said spring from said cylindrical surface and permit free rotation of said drive member in either direction.

9. In an ammunition booster having an ammunition-carrying sprocket and a rotary power source, a power transmission for driving the sprocket from the source, said transmission comprising: over-running clutch means connected between said power source and said sprocket to drive said sprocket in a given direction and to permit said sprocket to run freely in said given direction at aspeed greater than the speed of said power source, said clutch means including a rotating member having a smooth friction surface; stationary supporting means positioned adjacent said member; and a yieldable anti-rollback member supported on said supporting means, said anti-rollback member being in frictional engagement with said surface to permit rotation of said rotating member in said given direction but to prevent counter rotation thereof.

10. In an ammunition booster having an am munition-carrying sprocket and a rotary power source, a power transmission for driving the sprocket from said source, said transmission comprising: over-running clutch means connected between said source and said sprocket to drive said sprocket in one direction and to permit said sprocket to run freely in said one direction at a speed greater than the speed of said source, said clutch means including a rotating member; and anti-rollback means coupled to said rotating member for preventing rotation of said rotating member in a direction counter to said one direction, said anti-rollback means including a coil spring having its erterior peripheral surface in frictional contact with said rotating member, and fixed supporting means coupled to said spring to prevent axial expansion of said spring, said spring having one end secured to said supporting means, said spring being wound in such direction as to expand radially upon attempted counter rotation of said rotating member to prevent said counter rotation.

11. In an ammunition booster having an ammunition-carrying sprocket and. a rotary power source, a power transmission for driving the sprocket from said source, said transmission comprising: nected between said source and said sprocket to drive said sprocket in one direction and to permit said sprocket to run freely in said one direction at a speed greater than the speed of said source, said clutch means including a rotating member; anti-rollback means coupled to said rotating member for preventing rotation of said rotating member in a direction counterto said one direction, said anti-rollback means including a coil spring having its exterior peripheral surface in frictional contact with said rotating member, and fixed supporting means coupled to said spring to prevent axial expansion of said spring, said spring having one end secured to said supporting means, said spring being wound in such direction as to expand radially upon attempted counter rotation of said rotating member to prevent said counter rotation; and means operatively engaged with an end of said spring opposite said one end for selectively releasing said spring from frictional contact with said rotating member to permit said rotating member to rotate freely in either direction.

12. In an ammunition booster having an ammunition-carrying sprocket and a rotary power source, a power transmission for driving the sprocket from the source, said transmission com prising: overrunning clutch means connected between said power source and said sprocket to drive said sprocket in a given direction and to permit said sprocket to run freely in said given direction at a speed greater than the speed of said power source, said clutch means including a rotating member having a smooth friction surface; stationary supporting means positioned adjacent said member; a yieldable anti-rollback member supported on said supporting means, said anti-rollback member being in frictional engagement with said surface to permit rotation of said rotating member in said given direction but to prevent counter rotation thereof; and control means operatively connected to said anti-rollback member for selectively releasing said antirollback member from said frictional engagement whereby selectively to permit said counter rotation.

13. In an ammunition booster having an ammunition-carrying sprocket and a rotary power source, a power transmission for driving the sprocket from said source, said transmission comprising: an overrunning clutch coupled between said source and said sprocket for rotating said sprocket from said source in one direction, said clutch including a rotatable member; antirollback means frictionally engaged with said over-running clutch means conrotatable member for preventing rotation'of said rotatable member in a direction counter to said one direction; and means coupled to said antirollback means for releasing said anti-rollback means from frictional engagement with said rotatable member to permit said rotatable member to rotate freely in either direction.

14. In an ammunition booster having an ammunition-carrying sprocket and a rotary power source, a power transmission for driving the sprocket from said source, said transmission comprising: an overruning clutch coupled between said source and said sprocket for rotating said sprocket from said source in one direction, said clutch including a driving member coupled to said source and a driven member coupled to said sprocket; anti-rollback means frictionally engaged with said driving member for preventing rotation of said driving member in a direction counter to said one direction; and means coupled to said anti-rollback means for releasing said anti-rollback means from frictional engagement with said driving member to permit said driving member to rotate freely in either direction.

15. In an ammunition booster having an ammunition-carrying sprocket and a rotary power source, a power transmission for driving the sprocket from said source, said transmission comprising: an overruning clutch coupled between said source and said sprocket for rotating said sprocket from said source in one direction, said clutch including a rotatable member; selfenergized means frictionally engaged with said rotatable member for preventing rotation of said rotatable member in a direction counter to said one direction; and means coupled to said selfenergized means for selectively de-energizing said self-energized means to permit said rotatable member to rotate freely in either direction.

CHARLES B. PEARSON.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,842,446 Dabrasky Jan. 26, 1932 2,166,512 Warwick July 18, 1939 2,379,273 Bluemink et al June 26, 1945 2,396,136 Trotter Mar. 5, 1946 2,436,404 Slate Feb. 24, 1948 2,561,255 White July 1'7, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 690,426 France June 17, 1930

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1842446 *15 Sep 193026 Jan 1932August DabraskyCartridge feed mechanism
US2166512 *7 Jul 193718 Jul 1939Stancliffe Free Wheeling LtdSprag device for vehicles
US2379273 *24 Jul 194226 Jun 1945Dumore CompanyReduction gear assembly
US2396136 *14 Nov 19415 Mar 1946Bell Aircraft CorpOrdnance
US2436404 *27 May 194224 Feb 1948Hughes Tool CoAmmunition booster for automatic guns
US2561255 *21 Jul 194517 Jul 1951Glenn L Martin CoAutomatic feeding device
FR690426A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2873649 *9 Dec 195517 Feb 1959Brevets Aero MecaniquesFeed devices for automatic guns supplied with ammunition in the from of a cartridge belt
US2951422 *11 May 19566 Sep 1960Armament Components IncArticle handling system for cartridge feeding
DE1172991B *12 Dec 196025 Jun 1964Georges Francois Marie EvenMunitionslader
Classifications
U.S. Classification89/33.5, 192/81.00C
International ClassificationF41A9/51, F41A9/00
Cooperative ClassificationF41A9/51
European ClassificationF41A9/51