|Publication number||US2396136 A|
|Publication date||5 Mar 1946|
|Filing date||14 Nov 1941|
|Priority date||14 Nov 1941|
|Publication number||US 2396136 A, US 2396136A, US-A-2396136, US2396136 A, US2396136A|
|Inventors||Trotter John C|
|Original Assignee||Bell Aircraft Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 5, 1946. J c TROTTER 2,396,136
ORDNANCE Filed Nov. 14, 1941 3 Sheets-Sheet 1.
f/Ci/ m INVENTOR JOHN C 7IQ0772FL March 5, 1946. c. TROTTER 2,396,136
ORDNANC E Filed Nov. 14, 1941 S Sheets-Sheet 2 f/caj INVENTOR JOHA/ C. 7207752 March 5, 1946. c, TRO E I 2,396,136
ORDNANCE Filed Nov. 14, 1941 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Mar. 5, 1946 ORDNANGE John G. Trotter, Williamsville, N. Y., assignor to Bell Aircraft Corporation, Buffalo, N. Y.
Application November'ld, 1941, Serial No. 419,135
This invention relates to ordnance, and more particularly to improvements in devices for feeding ammunition to machine guns and the like.
One of the objects of the invention is to provide an improved device for automatically assisting the usual gun feed pawl mechanism in driving the cartridge belt to feed the gun from a magazine disposed at a position remote from the location of the gun. Another object of the invention is to provide improvements in devices for the purpose stated whereby the usual gun feed pawl mechanism is substantially relieved from contending with friction and gravity and cartridge belt accelerating forces incidental to intermittent feeding of the cartridge belt to the gun. Another object of the invention is to provide a device for the purposes stated which is adapted to meet the cartridge belt feed acceleration requirements of a machine gun in connection with intermittent firing thereof in an improved manner. Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear from the specification hereinafter.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a plan of a cartridge belt feed assist mechanism of the invention;
Fig. 2 is an end elevation thereof showing a cartridge belt arranged in operative relation therewith;
Fig. 3 is a section taken substantially along line III-III of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4. is a section taken substantially along line IVIV of Fig. 1 and indicating diagrammatically a machine gun in operative association therewith; and
Fig. is a view corresponding to Fig. 4 of another form of the invention.
The invention is illustrated in the drawings in operative connection with a machine gun designated generally at it and having a cartridge feedway portion l2 and the usual cartridge feed pawl mechanism as indicated at M. A roller [5 is indicated at the feed-in side of the machine gun for frictionlessly guiding the cartridge belt I8 into the gun cartridge feed-way from the direction of the magazine which may .be located at any suitable point remote from and below the level of the gun.
The feed assist device is indicated in Figs. 1-4 generally at 20, and comprises a box-like housing 22 having a transversely disposed cartridge belt feed throat portion 24 extending. laterally therethrough (Figs. 3 and 4). The feed throat 24 is so dimensioned and shaped as to accommodate the cartridge belt [8 in free sliding rela-. 55
tion so that the individual cartridges move sidewise through the throat, as indicated at 25 (Fig. 3). The housing 22 mounts a pair of sprocket shafts in freely rotatable relation thereon as indicated at 2628; and each of the sprocket shafts are provided with corresponding sprocket wheels 29 keyed to the shafts. The parts are so proportioned and arranged that the toothed portions of the sprocket wheels extend through suitably apertured wall portions of the throat 24 so as to engage the cartridge belt in geared relation, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4. A driving motor 38 is mounted at one end of the housing 22 and geared to both of the shafts 25-48 through means of a gear train indicated at 32, whereby it will be understood that upon operation of the motor 3d the sprocket wheels 29 will be driven to force the cartridge belt [8 to move through the assist device in the general direction of the machine gun Ill.
Provision is made for automatically controlling operation of the motor 39 in the form of a control lever mounting at its outer end portion a cartridge belt contacting roller 36. The control lever is of two-piece construction and includes an arm portion 39 to which the outer lever portion 35 is rigidly attached by means of a clamp device indicated at 40 so as to :be adjustably mounted relative to the arm 39. Thus, the angular attitude of the lever portion 35 relative to the arm poition 39 may be readily adjusted to regulate the elevation of the roller 36 relative to other portions of the control device to suit different conditions of operation. The arm 39 is pivotally mounted upon the shaft 28 as by means of a bearing 38. A lugs 42 is formed to extend laterally from the arm 39 and to pivotally connect at 43 with one end of a telescopic strut 44 which mounts interiorly thereof a compression spring 45. pivotally connected as at 46 to a stationary portion of the housing 22; and thus it will be understood that the compression spring is arranged to elastically resist movement of the lever arm assembly 35-39 in counterclockwise direction as viewed in Figs. 2 and 4 about the shaft 26.
A pin 48 is screwthreaded into connection with the lever arm 39 so as to extend laterally therefrom to any desired adjusted distance for abutting contact against a leaf spring 50 which is mounted upon the casing of a micrometer switch designated at 52; and the parts are so proportioned and arranged that whenever the lever arm 35 is lifted to rotate in counterclockwise direc- The opposite end of the strut 44 is tion against the action of the spring 45 from the position of Figs. 2 and 4 thereof, the pin 48 will deflect the spring as so asto actuate the micrometer switch contact member 54 so as to close an electric circuit controlling operation of the motor 39. Thus, it will be understood that whenever the feed pawl device M of the gun It draws upon the cartridge belt I8 so as to take up any slack existing therein between the positions of the gun and the assist device and to lift the roller 36 from the position thereof shown in Figs. 2 and 4, the micrometer switch will be thereby actuated to close the circuit to the motor 30..
whereby the latter will be energized to drive the" sprockets 29 in such direction as to'feed the cartridge belt 5 in the directionofthe gun lll.
This feeding operation will continu as long as is required commensurate with the operation of the feed pawl mechanism 14 of the gun; but it will be understood that upon cessation of the gun firing operation or overrunning of the cartridge belt feeding operation of the feed assist device 29, the cartridge 'belt will sag between the positions of the feed assist device and the machine gun ii] in such manner as to permit the spring at to force the lever arm 35 to lower sotion wherein the feed assist device is indicated generally at -60 as comprising a housing 62 having a cartridge belt throat way 66 extending therethrough generally in the manner of the structure of Figs. 1 'to 4. A single sprocket shaft 'tridge belt l8 in geared relation. A motor 10 is carried by the housing 62 and geared to the shaft 66. A ratchet wheel 12 is in turn keyed to the shaft 56 so as to rotate as a unit therewith,
and a ratchet pawl 14 is pivotally mounted upon 7 the ratchet wheel 63 and elastically urged at all raising of the motor control lever 35 the motor sufficient ammunition tomeet the gun requirements during the period that the motor 3% is accelerating and coming up to its normal speed.
The motor 3E9 will be preferably of such capacity as to be adapted to normally run at a speed slightly in excess of the cartridge belt feed requirements of the gun; and thus it will be understood that whenever the assist mechanism overruns the cartridge belt feeding requirements of the gun, or whenever the gun stops firing, the microswitch will be automatically disengaged to stop the operation of the motor 3i). Thus, the operation of the feed assist mechanism is fullyautomatic. Also, it will be'understood that upon stoppage of each gun firing operation and subsequent to deenergization of the motor 3@, the coasting movement of the motor will automatically provide slack in the cartridge belt it between the positions of the assist device 28 and the machine gun it. Thus, the system will, be automatically prepared to meet the initial spontaneous cartridge belt feed requirements of the gun upon recommencement of the gun firing operation; and under all conditions of operation the gun feed paWl mechanism 14 of the gun will be relieved of the necessity of coping with friction and gravity and accelerating forces incidental to driving the cartridge belt from the position of the magazine to the immediate vicinity of the gun cartridge feedway port I2. 7
Fig. 5 illustrates another form of the inventimes by means of a spring it to move into engagement with the ratchet wheel 12. Thus, it will be understood that the sprocket wheel 68 is free to rotate in clockwise direction as Viewed in Fig. 5 relativeto the ratchet wheel '52 and the motor-gear assembly coupled therewith.
A motor control device generally similar to the motor control device of Figs. 1 to 4 is provided and includes a cartridge belt contacting roller 86 carried at the outer end of a lever arm 82 which is adjustably mounted as at 33 to extend from a base arm 84 pivoted to the housing 62 as at 85. A lug 85 extends from the arm 8 3 so as to bear against one arm of a compression spring 38 which is carried by a bolt 9E! extending from a fixed portion of the housing as at $32. Another lug portion 94 extends from the arm 85 to carry an adjustable pin 95 arranged to actuate the leaf spring 98 of a micrometer switch '9? so as to bear against the switch contact point 98 for actuation of the latter to control the electrical circuit of the motor 10.
Thus, for example, in event that the cartridge belt 18 is sufilciently free to move through the feed assist mechanism in such manner as to avoid lifting of the motor control lever of the device, the sprocket 68 will simply rotate in geared relation with the cartridge belt to permit feeding of the latter to the gun. However, whenever the :pull of the gun feed mechanism per se upon the cartridgebelt 48 reaches the degreenecessary to lift the motor control lever system, the motor ill will be energized to commence driving the sprocket device 68 through means of the ratchet and pawl mechanism, since rotation of the ratchet wheel 12 in clockwise direction as viewed in Fig. 5 relative to the sprocket'device 68 will be at all times opposed by the pawl it. Thus, it will be understood that this form of the invention provides a feed assist mechanism wherein provision is made to permit uninterrupted firing of the gun under highly accelerating cartridge belt conditions or in spite of accidental interruption of the power supply to the motor, through means of a sprocket wheel device which is arranged to rotate freely in cartridge belt feeding direction at all times and is adapted to automatically drive the cartridge belt towards the gun whenever such driving is needed to augment the feeding operation of the gun feed pawl mechanism.
It will be appreciated that a particular feature of the invention is provided by the motor control lever construction whereby the angular attitude of the outer'extending'arm portion thereof is adjustable relative to the switch actuating position thereof. I Thus, adjustments may be made at lil (Figs. 1-4) or at 83 (Fig.i5),so as to suit the device to different conditions of operation. For
example, the assist device may thereby be adapted to function for the stated purposes in connection with a variety of magazine arrangements relative to the gun l; and the assist device is therefore universally adaptable to a large variety of gun mount installations in an improved manner.
Although only a limited number of forms of the invention have been shown and described in detail, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the invention is not so limited but that various changes may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.
1. In an ammunition feed assist device for use in conjunction with a machine gun for feeding a cartridge belt into the cartridge feedway portion of said gun, a frame, a pair of opposed sprocket devices rotatably mounted upon said frame and adapted to be arranged in geared relation with respect to said cartridge belt at opposite sides thereof when the cartridge belt is trained from said feed assist device into the cartridge feedway portion of the gun, controllable motor means carried by said frame, a free wheeling connection device operatively coupling said motor means with said sprocket devices, a control device comprising a lever pivotally mounted upon said frame, an arm, means connecting said arm at one of its ends to said lever to extend rigidly in cantilever fashion from said lever while being adjustable to extend at various attitudes thereto and bearing at its other end against the portion of said cartridge belt extending between the position of said sprocket devices and the position of said gun, said lever and said arm being pivotable as a rigid unit in response to the forces of said cartridge belt upon tensioning of the latter between said positions, telescopic tube means connected at one end to said frame and at the other end to said lever, a compression spring disposed within said telescopic tube means adapted to elastically resist contracting actuation thereof, and a motor control switch carried by said frame and having an actuating member constructed and arranged to contact with and to be actuated by said lever to cause said motor to be energized upon movement of said control device in response to tensioning of said cartridge belt so as to drive said sprocket devices to feed said cartridge belt through said assist device in the direction of said gun.
2. In an ammunition feed assist device for use in conjunction with a machine gun for feeding a cartridge belt into the cartridge feedway portion of said gun, a frame, drive means mounted upon said frame and adapted to be arranged in geared relation with respect to said cartridge belt when said belt is trained from said feed assist device into the cartridge feedway portion of said gun, controllable motor means operatively coupled with said drive means, a control device comprising a lever pivotally mounted upon said frame, an arm, means connecting said arm at one of its ends to said lever to extend rigidly from said lever while being adjustable to extend at various attitudes thereto and adapted to bear at its other end against said cartridge belt between the positions of said drive device and said gun, said lever and said arm being pivotable as a unit in response to the forces of said cartridge belt upon tensioning of the latter between said positions, spring means interconnecting said frame and said lever and adapted to elastically resist pivoting of said lever, and a motor control switch having an actuating member constructed and arranged to contact with and to be actuated by said lever upon pivoting thereof to cause said motor to be energized upon movement of said control device in response to tensioning of said cartridge belt so as to operate said drive device to feed said cartridge belt through said assist device in the direction of said gun.
3. In an ammunition feed assist device for use in conjunction with a machine gun for feeding a cartridge belt into said gun, a frame, drive means carried by said frame and adapted to be arranged in geared relation with respect to said cartridge belt when said belt is trained from said feed assist device into connection with said gun, motor means operatively coupled with said drive means, a motor control device comprising a lever pivotally mounted upon said frame, said lever having adjustment means thereon whereby the outer end thereof is adjustable to extend at various attitudes relative to said frame and to bear at its outer end against said cartridge belt between the positions of said drive device and said gun, means pivoting said lever on said frame whereby said lever is pivotable in response to the forces of said cartridge belt upon tensioning of the latter between said positions, spring means interconnecting said frame and said lever and constructed and arranged to elastically resist pivoting of said lever, and a motor control switch having an actuating member constructed and arranged to contact with and to be actuated by said lever upon pivoting thereof to cause said motor to be energized upon movement of said control device in response to tensioning of said cartridge belt so as to operate said drive device to feed said cartridge belt through said assist device in the direction of said gun.
JOHN C. TROTTER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2456618 *||5 Oct 1944||21 Dec 1948||Carless Lionel S||Ammunition booster control|
|US2617330 *||10 Mar 1948||11 Nov 1952||Reconstruction Finance Corp||Ammunition booster|
|US2629287 *||10 Jan 1948||24 Feb 1953||Hughes Tool Co||Antirollback brake for ammunition boosters|
|US2629288 *||10 Oct 1947||24 Feb 1953||Hughes Tool Co||Antirollback brake for boosters|
|US2857814 *||4 Apr 1956||28 Oct 1958||Taylor Ceci H||Feeding mechanism for a firearm|
|US5107750 *||26 Apr 1991||28 Apr 1992||Dornier Gmbh||Feeding ammunition|
|International Classification||F41A9/00, F41A9/51|