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Publication numberUS2335835 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date30 Nov 1943
Filing date6 Oct 1941
Priority date6 Oct 1941
Publication numberUS 2335835 A, US 2335835A, US-A-2335835, US2335835 A, US2335835A
InventorsZietlow Jr John F
Original AssigneeBell Aircraft Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ordnance
US 2335835 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Nov. 30, 1,943

ORDNANCE John F. Zetlow, In, B'ualo, N. Y., assignor to Bell Aircraft Corporation, Buiialo, N. Y.

Application October 6, 19411,' Serial No. 413,773

(Cl. Sil-37) 10 Claims.

This invention relates to ordnance, and more particularly to improved means for 4mounting small arms of the machine gun'-'type, for example upon military vehicles such as airplanes or the like.

(lnev of the objects of the invention is to provide an improved gun mount for arms such as machine guns or the like. Another object of the invention is to provide an-improved adjustable gun mount which is particularly adapted for use in connection with small arms such as machine guns or the like when mounted within restricted spaces. Another object of the invention is to provide an adjustable gun mount of the character described which comprises novel and improved combinationI azimuth and elevational' adjustment features. Another object of the invention is to provide a gun mount device of the character described which is so formed as to be relatively compact and rugged and mechanically simple and adapted to be manufactured inexpensively. Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear from the specification hereinafter.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary elevation of a machine gun and mounting connection deviceof the in,-

vvent-ion;

Fig. 2 is a section taken substantially along line II-II of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a section taken along line III-III of Fig. 1, on a'reduced scale, and extended in the direction of the gun barrel; and

Fig. 4 is a view corresponding to Fig. 2 of another form of the mounting connection device of the invention.

The drawings illustrate the invention in connection with a mounting base 8 and a gun indicated generally at I; and it will be understood that the gun may be of any type arranged to be xedly mounted upon the support such as may comprise an airplane wing or the like. For example, as illustrated in Fig. 3, the front gun mounting may comprise any standard or suitable swivel mounting connection as indicated at 'I2, about which the gun may be adjusted in azimuth and in elevation for final training thereof relative to the mounting base structure subsequent to initial installation thereon. Thus, it will be understood that the swivel connection device at I2 may comprise, for example, the usual swivel yoke device or the like, whereby the gun I0 is mounted adjacent the front end portion of its casing upon any suitable .stationary portion of the mounting vehicle. I

Adjacent the rear end portion of the gun casing, the gun is carried by a novel combination azimuth and elevational adjustment mechanism which is designated generally by the numeral I4. The mount connection I4 includes an arcuate rail I6 which is xed to any suitable stationary portion of the mounting base 8 so as to be centered about the vertical axis of rotation of the swivel connection device I2 at the forward gun mount connection. A base plate I8 is recessed and lat-y erally grooved as at 2l) so as to engage in keyed relation upon opposite liange portions 22 of the rail I6 and so as to'A be freely slidable thereupon in arcuate directions transversely of the longitudinal axis of the gun. The base platel is recessed andoppositely grooved as at 24 (Fig. 2) in directions longitudinally' of the gun I0 for key'- slide engagement with an elevation block 25 which is thereby mounted to be freely slidable upon the base platel in directions longitudinally of the gun I8.

The elevation block 25 is substantially sloped at its upper face portion 26 relative to the planes of therail I6 and the base plate I8, andis formed with overhanging ilange portions 28 at opposite sides thereof for key-slide engagement with opposed recessed side wall portions 29 of a bracket 30. The bracket 30l extends upwardly into an eye portion 32 which is mounted upon a bushing 34 carried by a, bolt 36 which is in turn suspended from opposed mounting lugs 38 extending integrally from the casing of the gun I8.

Thus, the elevation block 25 is adapted to be moved in directions longitudinally of the gun II) within the keyway of the base plate I8 while slidingrelative to the bracket 30in such manner as to cause the latter to climb or lower, as the case may be, relative to the base plate I8.v To actuate the elevation block 25 for this'purpose, a stud 4U is screw threaded into the block 25 and provided to extend rearwardly thereof in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of the gun. A pair of nuts 42-44 are rigidly xed to the stud 40 and disposed at opposite sides of an apertured boss 46 extending rigidly and upwardly from the base plate I8 and about the stud 40.- Thus, simple turning of the stud 40 as by means of a screwdriver engaged in the slotted end portion 41 will displace the ystud 40 axially relative to the block 25 so as to cause the latter .to be moved in d irections longitudinally of the gun I0, whereby the bracket trunnion mounted portion of the gun casing will be elevated or lowered, asthe case may be, to procure a fine elevational adjustment of the gun relative to its supporting base structure. A lock nut 48 is provided to x the stud 40 in adjusted positions. At its rear end portion the base plate I8 is provided with a toothed segment portion 50 which is centered about the vertical axis of the swivel connection device I2. A complementing worm gear 52 is carried by means of a shaft 54 upon suitably fixed bearing devices 55--55 (Fig. 3), whereby the shaft 54 is adapted to be manually rotated to drive the worm gear in such manner as to move the base plate I8 laterally `upon the rail I6. Preferably, a scale will be marked upon each relatively movable member of the adjustment mount device, as for example, as is illustrated at 56-58; whereby the azimuth and elevational adjustments of the gun mounting may be accurately indicated as an aid to accurate control and use of the mechanism.

Thus, it will be appreciated that subsequent to initial mounting of the gun I upon the swivel connection device I2 at the front end of the gun casing and upon the adjustment mounting device I4, the gun may be accurately trained and nally adjusted' in azimuth and elevation by simple manipulations of the worm shaft 54 and the stud 40.

Fig. 4 illustrates another form of elevation block and bracket arrangement wherein the elevation block 25 corresponds` in function to the block 25 of Figs. 1 to 3, but differs therefrom 'in that it is formed with opposed inturned flange portions 60 at opposite sides thereof so as to provide keyways to engage extending side portions v|52 of a bracket 64. The bracket 64 is formed with circularly curved side wall portions 66 and an eye portion 68 extending upwardly from the center thereof for mounting upon the gun trunnion bolt 36. A bushing I0 is carried by the bolt 36 and keyed thereto, as indicated at 12; `and the bushing is externally threaded for screwthreaded connection with a similarly ,threaded bore portion of the bracket eye 68.

Thus, the gun casing I0 is arranged to be laterally adjustable relative to the bracket 64 by sim- `ple rotation of the trunnion bolt 36; it being understood that asY the bolt 36 rotates it carries `the bushing 'I0 therewith, and thereby drives the gun relative to the eye portion 68 of the bracketl either to the right or to the left, as the case may be,l relative to the central position tations of the bracket member 64 relative to the block such as is freely permitted by the circularly curved side wall form of the bracket at 66-66. Y

Thus, it will -be understood that when the bracket form of Fig. 4 is employed, an additional y azimuth `adjustment means is provided in com'- bination/With the elevational and azimuth adjustment means previously described, so that the gun mount connection device is particularly adaptable to suit unusually difficult gun mounting j conditions. Particular attention is also called to' ciated that the adjustment device I4 is of such form and character that its greatest dimension is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the gun, and it is therefore adapted to nest compactly in association with the gun in an improved manner. Thus, the invention is of particular advantage and importance when used in connection with aerial guns or the like, in which case the spaces available for the gun mount mechanisms are v invariably greatly restricted. It will also' be appreciated that the adjustment mechanism of the `invention is so formed and arranged as to be readily manufactured in an inexpensive manner, and that when it is. installed it is accessible for servicing in an improved manner.

Although only a limited number of forms of the invention have been shown and described in detail, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the invention is not so limited but that various changes may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A gun mount comprising in combination, a gun, a base support, a swivel connection device j based upon said support and connected, to said gun, and a displacement connection device disposed at a position spaced from said swivel connection device, said displacement connection device including an arcuate rail centered up'on said swivel connection device and xed to said base support, a base plate keyed to said rail and slidable thereon in directions transversely of the longitudinal axis of said gun, a wedge member keyed to said base plate and slidable thereon in directions longitudinally of said gun, a bracket keyed to said wedge member and slidable upon a sloping portion thereof and pivotally connected to said gun, and means for adjustably moving said base plate relative to said rail and means for adjustably moving said Wedge member relative to said base plate for nal adjustments of said gun about said swivel connection device in azimuth and inelevation.

2. A gun mount comprising in combination, a gun, a base support, a swivel connection device based upon said support and connected to said gun, and a displacement connection device dis- -posed at a position spaced from'said swivel conthe fact that by reason of the ,formation and relative arrangements of the elements of the'dis- A placement connection device of Athe invention,

the gun may be quickly dismounted relative to. the mounting connection devices by rst disconnection device, said displacement connection device including an arcuate rail centered upon said swivel connection device and ilxed to said base support, a base plate keyed to said rail and slidable" thereon in directions transversely of the longitudinal axis of said gun, an elevation member keyed to said baselplate and slidable thereon in directions longitudinally oi` said gun, a

bracket keyed to said elevation'membe'r and slidable thereagainst to procure .elevational adjustnecting the swivel connection. device at I2 and then simply sliding the gun rearwardly so that the gun-carried bracket member 30 (Fig. 1) or '62 (Fig..4),' as the case may be, will rideoif the ments of said gun and pivotally connected tol said gun, land means for adjustably moving 'said base plate relative to said rail and means for adjustably moving said elevation ,inc nriber relative to said base plate for nal adjustments of said gun about said swivel connection device in azimuth and in elevation.

3. A gun mount comprising in combination, a gun, a base support, a swivel connection device based upon said support and connected to said gun, and a displacement connection device disposed at a position spaced from said swivel connection device, said displacement connection device including an arcuate rail centered upon said swivel connection device and fixed to said base support, a base plate keyed to said rail and slidable thereon in directions transversely of the longitudinal axis of said gun, an elevation member keyed to said base plate and slidable thereon in directions longitudinally of said gun, a bracket connected to said gun and to said elevation member and movable relative thereto to procure ele. vational adjustments of said gun, and means for. adjustably moving said base plate relative to said rail and means for adjustably moving said elevation member relative to said base plate for iinal adjustments of said gun about said swivel connection device in azimuth and -in elevation, and scale means at adjacent portions of relatively movable members of said displacement connection device for indicating adjustment movements thereof.

4. A gun mount comprising in combination, a gun having a slideway portion extending therefrom, a base support, a swivel connection device based upon saidsupport and connected to said gun at a position remote from` said extending slideway portion, and a displacement connection devicedisposed at aposition spaced from said swivel connection device, said displacement connection device including a rail fixed to said base support, a base plate keyed to said rail and slid.- able thereon in directions transversely of the longitudinal axis of said gun, an elevation member keyed to said base plate and to said gun slideway portion and slidable thereagainst in directions Iongitudinally of said gun and relative to said base plate and to said gun to procure elevational adjustments of said gun, and means for .adjustably moving said base plate relative to said posed at a position spaced from said swivel connection device, said displacement. connection device including an arcuate rail centered upon said swivel connection device and ilxedv to said base support, a base plate keyed to said rail and slidable thereon in directions transversely of the longitudinal axis of said gun, an elevation membased upon said support and connected to said gun, and a displacement connection. device disposed at a position spaced from said swivel connection device, said displacementlconnection device including a rail xed to said base support, a base plate keyed to said rail and slidable thereon in directions transversely of the longitudinal axis of said gun, an elevation member keyed to said base plate and slidable thereagainst in directions longitudinally of said gun slideway means engaging said elevation member, connection meansv tive to said rail and means for adjustably moving said elevation member fo;` nal adjustments of said gun about said swivel connection device in azimuth and in elevation.

7. A gun mount comprising in combination, a -gun, a base support, a swivel lconnection device based upon said support and connected to said gun, and a, displacement connection device dis- I posed at a position spaced from said swivelV connection device, said displacement connection device including an arcuate rail centered upon said swivel connection device and :fixed to said base support, a base plate keyed to said-rail and slidable thereon in directions transversely of the longitudinal axis of said gun, a wedge member keyed to said base plate and slidable thereon in directions longitudinally of said gun, a. bracket keyed to said wedge member and slidable upon a sloping portion thereof and pivotally vconnected to said wedge member and having a. portion ex' tending into connection with said gun and laterally'adjustable relative thereto for azimuth adrelative to said base plate for nal adjustments ber keyed to said base plate and slidable thereon in directions longitudinally of said gun and keyed' to said gun so as to be slidable relative thereto to procure elevational; adjustments of said gun,

and means for'adjustably moving said base plate relative to said rail and means for adjustably.

moving said elevation member relative to said base plate for nal adjustments of said gun about said swivel connection device in azimuth and in elevation.

6. A` gun' mount comprising' in combination, a gun, abase support, a swivel connection device of said gun about said swivel connection device in azimuth and in elevation.

2 3. A gun mount comprising in combination, a gun having a slideway portion extendingtherefrom, a, base. support, a swivel connection device based upon said support and connected to said gun at a position remote from said extending slideway portion, and a displacementconnection device disposed at a position spaced from said -swivel connection device, said displacement connection device including a. rail xed to said base Support, a base plate keyed ltosaid rail and slidable thereon in directions transversely of the longitudinal axis of said gun, an elevation member keyed to said base plate and-to said gun slideway portion and slidable thereagainst in directions longitudinally of said gun relative to said base plate and to said gun to procure elevational adjustments of said gun and to permit said gun to be disconnected from said displacement connection device, and means for adjustably moving saidbase plate relative to said rail and Vmeans for adjustably moving said elevation member relative to said base plate and to said gun for final adjustments of said gun about said swivel connection device in azimuth and in elevation.

9. A gun mount comprising in combination, av gun, a base support, a, swivel connection device based upon said support and connected to said gun', and a displacement connection device disposed at a position spaced from said Vswivell connection device, said displacement connection deswivel connection device and xed to said base support, a base plate keyed to said rail .and slidable thereon in directions transversely of the longitudinal axis of said gun, a wedge member keyed to said base plate land slidable thereon in y' directions longitudinally of said gun, a bracket keyed to said Wedge member and slidable upon a sloping portion thereof and pivotally connected to said wedge member and having a portion extending into screwthreaded connection with a transversely extending screwthreaded portion of said gun and laterally adjustable relative thereto for azimuth adjustments of said gun, and means for adjustably moving said base plate relative to said rail and means for adjustably moving said wedge member relative to said base plate for nal adjustments of said gun about said swivel connection device in azimuth and in elevation.

10. A gun mount comprising, in combination, a gun,la base support for mounting said gun,

exible connection means extending from one portion of said gun into mounting connection with said base support, adjustable mounting connection means extending between said base support and said gun at a position spaced from said flexible connection means, said adjustable connection means comprising relatively obliquely directed slideway means carried by said base support and said gun respectively and a wedge shaped connection device disposed in lslideway connected relation between said slideway means and having correspondingly obliquely directed means engaging said slideway means, and means for locking said wedge device at adjusted positions relative to said slideway means, whereby said wedge device may be shifted relative to said slideway means to procure aiming adjustments of said gun about the axis of said ilexible connection device.

-JOHN F. ZIETLOW, JR.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2457242 *30 Nov 194428 Dec 1948United Shoe Machinery CorpGun turret
US2463056 *3 Jul 19441 Mar 1949United Shoe Machinery CorpAirplane gun mount
US2491608 *13 Apr 194520 Dec 1949United Shoe Machinery CorpPower-operated gun turret and control mechanism therefor
US2537236 *2 Dec 19469 Jan 1951United Shoe Machinery CorpGun support
US2537419 *21 Jul 19449 Jan 1951North American Aviation IncAdjustable rear mount for machine guns
US2559714 *27 Jun 194610 Jul 1951United Shoe Machinery CorpGun turret
US2612819 *5 Jul 19497 Oct 1952North American Aviation IncGun mount
US4587881 *11 Oct 198413 May 1986The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The NavyDepression gun pod
US4926743 *26 Jun 198922 May 1990North American DynamicsQuick release gun mount assembly
US4967640 *30 Oct 19896 Nov 1990North American DynamicsQuick release gun mount assembly
US5996463 *20 Mar 19987 Dec 1999Giat IndustriesSystem for adjusting in elevation and azimuth a support for a weapon mounted on a carrier
Classifications
U.S. Classification89/37.3, 89/37.19, 89/40.6, 89/41.1
International ClassificationF41A27/00, F41A27/06
Cooperative ClassificationF41A27/06
European ClassificationF41A27/06