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Publication numberUS20010022688 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/320,892
Publication date20 Sep 2001
Filing date27 May 1999
Priority date28 May 1998
Also published asUS6307678
Publication number09320892, 320892, US 2001/0022688 A1, US 2001/022688 A1, US 20010022688 A1, US 20010022688A1, US 2001022688 A1, US 2001022688A1, US-A1-20010022688, US-A1-2001022688, US2001/0022688A1, US2001/022688A1, US20010022688 A1, US20010022688A1, US2001022688 A1, US2001022688A1
InventorsAkira Kosaka, Junichi Tanii, Yoshihiro Hara, Yoshiharu Tanaka, Shoichi Minato
Original AssigneeAkira Kosaka, Junichi Tanii, Yoshihiro Hara, Yoshiharu Tanaka, Shoichi Minato
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Image shake correction device for optical apparatus and optical apparatus having image shake correction device
US 20010022688 A1
Abstract
An image shake correction device for correcting image shake on the focal plane of an optical apparatus due to vibration of the optical apparatus such as a camera. A correction optical element is provided in the optical path of the principal optical system, the correction optical element is driven correspondingly to the detected image shake magnitude, and the image shake on the focal plane of an optical apparatus is corrected. A driving mechanism which utilizes shape memory alloy is used for driving a correction lens for correcting image shake.
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Claims(25)
What is claimed is:
1. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus comprising:
an optical element provided in the optical path of the principal optical system, including a pair of flat plates being made of transparent material corresponding to the incident surface and outgoing surface and transparent fluid filler filled between said pair of flat plates; and
a driving mechanism, having an actuator which utilizes shape memory alloy functioning to change the angle of at least one of said pair of flat plates with respect to an optical axis of a principal optical system of the optical apparatus.
2. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 1
, wherein said pair of flat plates is disposed perpendicularly to the optical axis of the principal optical system when not activated and inclined by a prescribed angle with respect to the optical axis of the principal optical system when activated.
3. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 1
, wherein a plurality of said actuators are provided on the peripheries of said flat plates so as to connect said pair of flat plates at the peripheries.
4. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 1
, wherein said actuator functions to incline said pair of flat plates by a prescribed angle with respect to the optical axis of the principal optical system.
5. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 1
, wherein said driving mechanism is provided with an elastic member which exerts a pressing force in the direction to resist against the restoring force due to restoration of said actuator including shape memory alloy to a memorized shape.
6. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 1
, wherein said driving mechanism controls heating of said actuator including shape memory alloy to control the deformation length of said actuator.
7. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus comprising:
a correction optical system provided in the optical path of the principal optical system;
a holder being provided movably in the plane approximately perpendicular to the optical axis of the principal optical system for holding said correction optical system; and
a first driving mechanism having an actuator which utilizes shape memory alloy to move said holder and functions to move said holder in the plane approximately perpendicular to the optical axis of the principal optical system in the first direction.
8. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 7
, wherein said first driving mechanism is provided with an elastic member which exerts a pressing force in the direction to resist against the restoring force due to restoration of said actuator consisting of shape memory alloy to a memorized shape.
9. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 7
, wherein said first driving mechanism controls heating of said actuator consisting of shape memory alloy to control the deformation length of said actuator.
10. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 7
, wherein said image shake correction device of the optical apparatus is further provided with the second driving mechanism, which moves said holder in a plane approximately perpendicular to the optical axis of the principal optical system in the second direction different from said first direction to correct the image shake.
11. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 10
, wherein said second driving mechanism is provided with an actuator which utilizes shape memory alloy to move said holder.
12. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 10
, wherein said second direction is approximately perpendicular to said first direction.
13. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 10
, wherein said correction optical system and holder comprises a first correction optical system and holder which move in said first direction and a second correction optical system and holder which move in said second direction.
14. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 10
, wherein said second driving mechanism is provided with an elastic member which exerts a pressing force in the direction to resist against the restoring force due to restoration of said actuator consisting of shape memory alloy to a memorized shape.
15. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 10
, wherein said second driving mechanism controls heating of said actuator consisting of shape memory alloy to control the deformation length of said actuator.
16. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus comprising:
a correction optical system provided in the optical path of the principal optical system;
a holder for supporting said correction optical system;
a first driving mechanism having an actuator which utilizes shape memory alloy to move said holder and incline said holder around the first axis in a plane approximately perpendicular to the optical axis of the principal optical system; and
a second driving mechanism having an actuator to move said holder and incline said holder around the second axis, which is different from the first axis, in a plane approximately perpendicular to the optical axis of the principal optical system.
17. An image shake correction device of an optical appatatus as claimed in
claim 16
, wherein said second driving mechanism is provided with an actuator which utilizes shape memory alloy to move said holder.
18. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 16
, wherein said second axis is disposed in the direction approximately perpendicular to said first axis.
19. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 16
, wherein said first driving mechanism is provided with an elastic member which exerts a pressing force in the direction to resist against the restoring force due to restoration of said actuator consisting of shape memory alloy to a memorized shape.
20. An image shake correction device of an optical apparatus as claimed in
claim 16
, wherein said first driving mechanism controls heating of said actuator consisting of shape memory alloy to control the deformation length of said actuator.
21. An optical apparatus provided with an image shake correction device comprising:
a first optical system for taking in an optical image from an object;
a second optical system for correcting the shake, due to the shake of said optical apparatus, of the optical image taken from said first optical system; and
a driving mechanism having an actuator which utilizes shape memory alloy for driving said second optical system based on the shape change of shape memory alloy.
22. An optical apparatus provided with an image shake correction device as claimed in
claim 21
, wherein said driving mechanism is provided with an elastic member which exerts a pressing force in the direction to resist against the restoring force due to restoration of said actuator consisting of shape memory alloy to a memorized shape.
23. An optical apparatus provided with an image shake correction device as claimed in
claim 21
, wherein said driving mechanism comprises the first driving mechanism for driving said second optical system in the first direction and the second driving mechanism for driving said second optical system in the second direction which is different from the said first direction.
24. An optical apparatus provided with an image shake correction device as claimed in
claim 21
, wherein said first and second driving mechanisms control heating of said actuator consisting of shape memory alloy to control the deformation length of said actuator.
25. A method for correcting the image shake in an optical apparatus provided with an image shake correction system comprising the steps of:
(1) detecting the shake magnitude caused in the optical apparatus;
(2) calculating the magnitude of displacement of the correction optical system based on the detected shake magnitude of the optical apparatus; and
(3) heating the actuator including shape memory alloy which is a component of the driving mechanism for driving the correction optical system to a temperature determined based on said calculation result.
Description
  • [0001]
    This application is based on application No. 10-162825 filed in Japan, the contents of which is hereby incorporated by reference.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    1. Field of the Invention
  • [0003]
    This invention relates to an image shake correction device for correcting the image shake on the image focal plane of an optical apparatus due to vibration of an optical apparatus such as a camera, and an optical apparatus provided with the image shake correction device.
  • [0004]
    2. Description of the Prior Art
  • [0005]
    Heretofore, in the camera industry field, a correction optical system which drives a correction lens, which is located behind the photographic lens, eccentrically in a plane perpendicular to the optical axis has been known as a means for correcting the image shake on the image forming plane due to camera shake caused in photographing. In the lens device provided with a correction optical system, an actuator used exclusively for driving the correction lens in a predetermined direction is incorporated, the movement of a camera is detected by means of a camera shake sensor such as an angular acceleration sensor, and the correction lens is driven based on the detected signal.
  • [0006]
    The applicant of the present invention proposed a piezoelectric actuator which utilizes a phenomenon that a driven member coupled frictionally with a driving shaft moves in a predetermined direction with repeated reciprocal vibration when the driving shaft is vibrated reciprocally in different speed by a piezoelectric transducer which is served as the actuator for driving such a correction optical system. This structure can drive eccentrically the correction lens having a holder frame coupled with the driven member of the piezoelectric actuator in a plane perpendicular to the optical axis (refer to Japanese Laid Open Patent No. Hei 8-43872 as an example).
  • [0007]
    Otherwise, moving coil type of actuator which has two electromagnetic coils in a plane perpendicular to the optical axis provided on a holder frame of a correction lens and has a yoke and a permanent magnet located correspondingly to the two electromagnetic coils provided on a fixed frame of a lens barrel has been known.
  • [0008]
    The above-mentioned piezoelectric actuator and moving coil type actuator are suitable for the correction lens driving mechanism for correcting image shake because of excellent controllability, however on the other hand, these driving mechanisms are large and heavy to result in a large-sized and expensive optical apparatus as a whole, therefore a compact and light-weight correction lens driving mechanism has been desired to be realized.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0009]
    It is an object of the present invention to provide a novel image shake correction device for correcting image shake on the focal plane of an optical apparatus caused from vibration of the optical apparatus and to provide an optical system having the image shake correction device.
  • [0010]
    It is another object of the present invention to provide a compact and light-weight image correction device having a driving mechanism which utilizes shape memory alloy as the driving mechanism for driving an image shake correction optical element located in the optical path of the principal optical system of the optical apparatus and to provide an optical system having the image shake correction device.
  • [0011]
    It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a method for correcting image shake by heating shape memory alloy of the driving mechanism, which is employed as the driving mechanism for driving an image shake correction optical element located in the optical path of the principal optical system of an optical apparatus.
  • [0012]
    It is still another object of the present invention to provide an optical apparatus having an image shake correction device applying said method for correcting image shake.
  • [0013]
    Other objects of the present invention will be clear from the detailed description of the present invention with reference to the attached drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0014]
    [0014]FIG. 1 is a perspective view for illustrating an appearance of an image shake correction optical unit in accordance with the first embodiment.
  • [0015]
    [0015]FIG. 2 is a cross sectional view along the axis Y-Y of the image shake correction optical unit shown in FIG. 1.
  • [0016]
    [0016]FIG. 3 is a cross sectional view of the correction optical unit which is in standby condition.
  • [0017]
    [0017]FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view of the correction optical unit which is correcting image shake.
  • [0018]
    [0018]FIG. 5 is a block diagram for illustrating the structure of a control circuit for controlling the image shake correction optical unit in accordance with the first embodiment.
  • [0019]
    [0019]FIG. 6 is a flowchart for describing the control operation of the image shake correction optical unit in accordance with the first embodiment.
  • [0020]
    [0020]FIG. 7 is a plan view for illustrating the structure of an image shake correction optical unit in accordance with the second embodiment.
  • [0021]
    [0021]FIG. 8 is a plan view for illustrating the structure of an image shake correction optical unit in accordance with the third embodiment.
  • [0022]
    [0022]FIG. 9 is a plan view for illustrating the structure of an image shake correction optical unit in accordance with the fourth embodiment.
  • [0023]
    [0023]FIG. 10 is a block diagram for illustrating the structure of a control circuit for controlling the image shake correction optical unit in accordance with the fourth embodiment.
  • [0024]
    [0024]FIG. 11 is a cross sectional view for illustrating the structure of an image shake correction optical unit in accordance with the fifth embodiment.
  • [0025]
    [0025]FIG. 12 is a partially enlarged view of the image shake correction optical unit shown in FIG. 11.
  • [0026]
    [0026]FIG. 13 is a cross sectional view along the line A-A of the image shake correction optical unit shown in FIG. 11.
  • [0027]
    [0027]FIG. 14 is a cross sectional view for describing the inclined image shake correction optical unit shown in FIG.
  • [0028]
    [0028]FIG. 15 is a cross sectional view for illustrating the structure of a camera provided with an image shake correction device disclosed in the embodiments.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • [0029]
    The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described hereinafter.
  • [0030]
    [First Embodiment]
  • [0031]
    The first embodiment involves an exemplary image shake correction device applied to a camera, FIG. 1 is a perspective view for illustrating the appearance of an image shake correction optical unit 10, and FIG. 2 is a cross sectional view along Y-Y axis in FIG. 1. 18 denotes a photographic lens which represents the principal optical system, and the correction optical unit 10 is located in the optical path of the principal optical system 18.
  • [0032]
    In FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the correction optical unit 10 comprises flat plates 11 a and 11 b consisting of transparent material which is suitable for the optical element, holder frames 12 a and 12 b for supporting the flat plates 11 a and 11 b, a cylindrical diaphragm 13 which defines a closed space, and a liquid transparent synthetic resin filler 14 filled in the internal of the closed space which is suitable for the optical element.
  • [0033]
    A plurality of elastic members 15 such as coil springs (referred to as 15 a to 15 d hereinafter) for pressing the holder frames 12 a and 12 b so as to widen the distance between the holder frames 12 a and 12 b are provided on the periphery of the supporting frames 12 a and 12 b at a plurality of positions where the periphery is angularly divided into some equal predetermined angular intervals (for example, 90 degrees or 120 degrees), and the holder frames 12 a and 12 b are combined each other with shape memory alloy wires 16 (referred to as 16 a to 16 d hereinafter) located near the respective plurality of elastic members.
  • [0034]
    Herein only for the purpose of description, it is assumed in the following description that the periphery of the holder frames 12 a and 12 b are divided into 90 degree intervals and an orthogonal coordinate system having Z-axis coincident with the optical axis is introduced, the elastic members 15 a and 15 b and the shape memory alloy wires 16 a and 16 b are located on the plane including X-axis, and the elastic members 15 c and 15 d and the shape memory alloy wires 16 c and 16 d are located on the plane including Y-axis.
  • [0035]
    Shrink shape of a predetermined size is memorized in the shape memory alloy wires 16 a to 16 d. When an current is supplied to the shape memory alloy wires to heat to a predetermined temperature, the wires are restored to the memorized original shape. Because the size of the wires after restoration depends on the temperature, the size of the shape memory alloy wires after restoration is controlled by the current value of an electric current namely the heating temperature.
  • [0036]
    In the structure described herein above, the shape memory alloy wires 16 a to 16 d, when no current is supplied to wires 16 a to 16 d, receives the tensile force due to pressing force in the direction to widen the distance between the holder frame 12 a and 12 b of the elastic members 15 a to 15 d, and the initial condition that the elastic force of the elastic members 15 a to 15 d balances the tension of the wires 16 a to 16 d is maintained. FIG. 2 shows a cross sectional view of the correction optical unit 10 in the initial condition.
  • [0037]
    Next, when first currents of the same current value are supplied to the plurality of shape memory alloy wires 16 a to 16 d for heating from a control circuit, which will be described hereinafter, in order to set the standby position, the shape memory alloy wires 15 a to 15 d are shrunk to the shape of memorized standby position against the elastic force of the elastic members 15 a to 15 d. FIG. 3 shows a cross sectional view of the correction optical unit 10 in the standby condition.
  • [0038]
    At this time, the flat plates 11 a and 11 b consisting of transparent material remain perpendicular to the optical axis and parallel each other because the displacement of the plurality of shape memory alloy wires 16 a to 16 d is equal each other, therefore the incident light into the correction optical unit 10 is allowed to pass without refraction.
  • [0039]
    Next, electric currents different in current value are supplied from the control circuit, which will be described hereinafter, to heat the plurality of shape memory alloy wires 16 a to 16 d based on image shake correction signal. In detail, for example, an electric current of a second current value which is larger than the first current value is supplied to the shape memory alloy wire 16 c disposed on the upper side in Y-axis direction, an electric current of the first current value is supplied to the shape memory alloy wire 16 d disposed on the under side in Y-axis direction, and an electric current of a third current value which is intermediate between the first current value and the second current value is supplied to the shape memory alloy wires 16 a and 16 b disposed on the right and left side in X-axis direction, and at this time, the shape memory alloy wires 16 a to 16 d are restored respectively to the memorized shape of sizes corresponding to the respective current values, as the result, the flat plates 11 a and 11 b consisting of the transparent material of the correction optical unit 10 are changed to a deformed shape having the shorter length at the upper side. FIG. 4 shows a cross sectional view of the correction optical unit 10 in an image shake correction condition in which the flat plates 11 a and 11 b consisting of the transparent material of the correction optical unit 10 are positioned close each other at the upper side in Y-axis direction.
  • [0040]
    An incident light into the correction optical unit 10 is refracted in the plane including Y-axis when passing as shown in FIG. 4, and the image shake is corrected.
  • [0041]
    [0041]FIG. 5 is a block diagram for illustrating the structure of the control circuit 20 for controlling the correction optical unit. The control circuit 20 has a CPU 21 as a main component, a camera shake sensor 24, a memory unit 25, and an exposure controller 26 are connected to the input/output port of the CPU 21 and heater driving units 23 a to 23 d for heating the respective shape memory alloy wires 16 a to 16 d are connected to the output port of the CPU 21. A CPU for controlling the optical apparatus not shown in the drawing may also be served as the CPU 21 or a CPU exclusively used for the correction optical unit may be provided as the CPU 21.
  • [0042]
    Current value data for heating corresponding to the image shake magnitude is stored in the memory unit 25. The relation between the current value to be supplied to the shape memory alloy wire and the deformation length of the memorized shape is previously measured and further the deformation length of the shape memory alloy wire corresponding to the inclination angle (refraction angle) of the flat plates 11 a and 11 b, namely the image shake correction magnitude, is determined previously, and a current value corresponding to an image shake correction magnitude detected by the camera shake sensor 24 is thereby determined.
  • [0043]
    Next, the control operation of the correction optical unit driving mechanism performed in the CPU 21 is described with reference to a flowchart shown in FIG. 6. First, a signal, which is generated from the exposure controller 26 of the camera, which indicates ON of a switch S1 for indicating the starting of preparation for photograph taking activated by first step pushing down (half pushing down) of a shutter button has been waited (step P1), and when ON signal of the switch S1 is entered, whether the camera shake correction switch for selecting the correction of the camera shake is determined ON or not (step P2).
  • [0044]
    If the camera shake correction switch is ON, then an image shake correction operation is started. That is, when the magnitude of the shake in X-axis direction and Y-axis direction of the camera, namely a lens system, is detected, the CPU 21 calculates the correction magnitude required to correct the image shake, namely the magnitude of the inclination angle (the inclination angle of the flat plates is the determinant of the refraction angle of the light which passes the correction optical unit 10) of the flat plates 11 a and 11 b, reads out a current value data for heating corresponding to the image shake correction magnitude stored in the memory unit 25, heats the shape memory alloy wires 16 a and 16 d through the heater driving units 23 a to 23 d, and starts the image shake correction operation (step P3).
  • [0045]
    ON of the photographing starting switch S2 is waited (step P4) because an image shake correction operation has started. If a signal which indicates ON of the switch S2 is entered, then the exposure control operation is performed (step P5), an OFF signal of the switches S1 and S2 is waited (step P6), and if an OFF signal is detected, the photographing is determined to be finished and the currents supplied to the shape memory alloy wires 16 a to 16 d are shut off to stop the image shake correction operation (step P7), and the control sequence is brought to an end.
  • [0046]
    If the camera shake correction switch is not ON in the determination in step P2, then a normal photographing sequence is performed (step P10) and the control sequence is brought to an end.
  • [0047]
    In the above-mentioned description, a case that the periphery of the holder frames 12 a and 12 b is divided into 90 degree angular intervals to introduce the orthogonal coordinate system having the optical axis coincident with Z-axis, the elastic members 15 a and 15 b and the shape memory alloy wires 16 a and 16 b are disposed on the plane including X-axis, and the elastic members 15 c and 15 d and the shape memory alloy wires 16 c and 16 d are disposed on the plane including Y-axis is described herein above, however, another case that the periphery of the holder frames 12 a and 12 b is divided into three portions, the holder frames 12 a and 12 b are held by three elastic members and three shape memory alloy wires, and desired inclination direction and inclination angle (refraction angle) is set by selecting suitably three shape memory alloy wires may be employed.
  • [0048]
    The structure of the correction optical unit 10 is described herein above, the correction optical unit 10 is to be incorporated in the lens barrel which contains the principal optical system such as photographic lens as described herein above, many alternative structures are designed desirably by applying the known means.
  • [0049]
    [Second Embodiment]
  • [0050]
    Next, the second embodiment is described. FIG. 7 is a plan view for illustrating the structure of a correction optical unit 30 in accordance with the second embodiment. In FIG. 7, the structure for driving the correction lens in X-axis direction is shown, the same structure is provided in Y-axis direction, and thus the first correction lens which moves in X-axis direction and the second correction lens which moves in Y-axis direction are used combinedly, and a correction optical unit for correcting the image shake on XY-plane perpendicular to the optical axis is provided.
  • [0051]
    In FIG. 7, 31 denotes a fixed frame having an aperture 31 a at the center, which is incorporated in a lens barrel of a lens system not shown in the drawing. A holder frame 32 which holds a correction lens 33 is located at the aperture 31 a. An arm 34 is formed on one end of the holder frame 32, and the holder frame 32 is guided by a shaft 35 which is provided on the fixed frame 31 in X-axis direction and supported slidably in X-axis direction.
  • [0052]
    Further, an elastic member 36 such as a coil spring is provided between a pin 31 b provided on the fixed frame 31 and a hook provided to the arm 34 of the holder frame 32, and a shape memory alloy wire 37 is provided between a pin 31 c provided on the fixed frame 31 and a pin 34 b provided to the arm 34 of the holder frame 32.
  • [0053]
    A shrunk shape with a predetermined size has been memorized in the shape memory alloy wire 37 previously, when a current is supplied to the shape memory alloy wire to heat up to a predetermined temperature, the shape memory alloy wire is restored to the memorized shape. Because the size of shape memory alloy wire after restoration depends on the temperature, the temperature is controlled by controlling the current value to be supplied, and the magnitude of restoration of the shape memory alloy wire is controlled.
  • [0054]
    In the above-mentioned structure, the holder frame 32 is pulled downward in FIG. 7 by the elastic force of the elastic member 36, but a desired current is supplied to the shape memory alloy wire 37 for heating to cause a prescribed shrinking deformation, the shrinking deformation causes a force which lifts the holder frame 32 upward in FIG. 7. When the image shake correction is not activated, the downward pull force of the elastic member 36 balances the upward pull force of the shape memory alloy wire 37, and the holder frame 32 is positioned at the standby position of no image shake correction.
  • [0055]
    When an image shake correction starts, an electric current corresponding to the correction magnitude is supplied to the shape memory alloy wire 37. If the current value corresponding to the correction magnitude is larger than the predetermined current value which have been set when the above-mentioned holder frame 32 is set at the standby position, the shrinking deformation length of the wire 37 is larger, and the holder frame 32 moves from the standby position in X-axis positive direction (wire 37 side). On the other hand, if the current value corresponding to the correction magnitude is smaller than the predetermined current value which has been set when the above-mentioned holder frame 32 is set at the standby position, the shrinking deformation length of the wire 37 is smaller, and the holder frame 32 moves from the standby position in X-axis negative direction (elastic member 36 side).
  • [0056]
    The driving mechanism for moving the correction lens in Y-axis direction is operated in the same manner as that in X-axis, and by combining two driving mechanisms, the image shake correction optical unit for correcting image shake on XY-plane perpendicular to the optical axis is structured.
  • [0057]
    The control circuit suitable for the structure in accordance the second embodiment is a control circuit similar to the control circuit used in the first embodiment shown in FIG. 5, and the control circuit for the second embodiment has the structure that, the heater driving unit shown in FIG. 5 is replaced with a heater driving unit for heating the shape memory alloy wire of X-axis direction driving mechanism and a heater driving unit for heating the shape memory alloy wire of Y-axis direction driving mechanism, and the control circuit is operated in the same manner as that of the above-mentioned first embodiment and the description is omitted.
  • [0058]
    [Third Embodiment]
  • [0059]
    Next, the third embodiment is described. FIG. 8 is a plan view for illustrating the structure of a correction optical unit 40 in accordance with the third embodiment, a correction lens is rotated round the axis which is positioned apart from the optical axis and parallel to the optical axis. Because the structure allows the first correction lens to be driven approximately in X-axis direction, the same structure is provided also in Y-axis direction, and by combining the first correction lens which moves approximately in X-axis direction and the second correction lens which moves approximately in Y-axis direction, a correction optical unit for correcting image shake on XY-plane perpendicular to the optical axis is structured.
  • [0060]
    In FIG. 8, 41 denotes a fixed frame having an aperture 41 a at the center to be incorporated in a lens barrel of a lens system not shown in the drawing. A holder frame 42 which holds a correction lens 43 is located at the aperture 41 a. An arm 44 is formed on one end of the holder frame 42, and supported rotatably by the shaft 45 which is provided on the fixed frame 41 and located in parallel to and apart from the optical axis.
  • [0061]
    Further, an elastic member 46 such as a coil spring is provided extendedly between a pin 41 b provided on the fixed frame 41 and a pin 44 a provided on the arm 44 of the holder frame 42, and a shape memory alloy wire 47 is provided extendedly between a pin 41 c provided on the fixed frame 41 and a pin 44 b provided on the arm 44 of the holder frame 42 by way of a pulley 48.
  • [0062]
    A shrink shape of a predetermined size has been memorized in the shape memory alloy wire 47 previously, when a current is supplied to the shape memory alloy wire to heat up to a predetermined temperature, the shape memory alloy wire is restored to the memorized shape. Because the size of shape memory alloy wire after restoration depends on the temperature, the temperature is controlled by controlling the current value to be supplied, and the magnitude of restoration of the shape memory alloy wire is controlled.
  • [0063]
    In the structure, the holder frame 42 is pulled rotatably in counterclockwise direction round the shaft 45 by the elastic force of the elastic member 46, on the other hand, a predetermined current is supplied to the shape memory alloy wire 47 for heating to cause a memorized predetermined shrink deformation, the holder frame 42 is pulled rotatably in clockwise direction round the shaft 45 by the shrinking force of the shape memory alloy wire 47, thus when image is not corrected, the pull force in counterclockwise direction exerted by the elastic member 46 balances the pull force in clockwise direction exerted by the shape memory alloy wire 47, and the holder frame 42 is positioned at the standby position of no image shake correction.
  • [0064]
    When an image shake correction starts, an electric current corresponding to the correction magnitude is supplied to the shape memory alloy wire 47. If the current value corresponding to the correction magnitude is larger than the predetermined current value which have been set when the above-mentioned holder frame 42 is set at the standby position, the shrinking deformation length of the wire 47 is larger, and the holder frame 42 rotates from the standby position in clockwise direction and moves approximately in X-axis positive direction (wire 47 side). On the other hand, if the current value corresponding to the correction magnitude is smaller than the predetermined current value which has been set when the above-mentioned holder frame 42 is set at the standby position, the shrinking deformation length of the wire 47 is smaller, and the holder frame 42 rotates from the standby position in counterclockwise direction and moves approximately in X-axis negative direction (elastic member 46 side).
  • [0065]
    The driving mechanism for moving the correction lens in Y-axis direction is operated in the same manner as that in X-axis, and by combining two driving mechanisms, the image shake correction optical unit for correcting image shake on XY-plane perpendicular to the optical axis is structured.
  • [0066]
    The control circuit suitable for the structure in accordance with the third embodiment is a control circuit similar to the control circuit used in the first embodiment shown in FIG. 5, and the control circuit for the second embodiment has the structure that the heater driving unit shown in FIG. 5 is replaced with a heater driving unit for heating the shape memory alloy wire of X-axis direction driving mechanism and a heater driving unit for heating the shape memory alloy wire of Y-axis direction driving mechanism, and the control circuit is operated in the same manner as that of the above-mentioned first embodiment and the description is omitted.
  • [0067]
    [Fourth Embodiment]
  • [0068]
    The fourth embodiment is described. FIG. 9 is a plan view for illustrating the structure of an image shake correction optical unit 50 in accordance with the fourth embodiment, one unit can moves a correction lens simultaneously in X-axis direction and Y-axis direction.
  • [0069]
    In FIG. 9, 51 denotes a fixed frame having an aperture 51 a at the center, and which is incorporated in a lens barrel of a lens system not shown in the drawing. A holder frame 52 which holds the correction lens 53 is located at the aperture 51 a.
  • [0070]
    Pins 54 a, 54 b, 54 c, and 54 d are provided on the fixed frame 51 apart same distance from X-axis, and pins 54 e, 54 f, 54 g, and 54 h are provided on the fixed frame 51 apart same distance from Y-axis.
  • [0071]
    A shape memory alloy wire 55 a is provided extendedly between the pins 54 a and 54 b, a shape memory alloy wire 55 b is provided extendedly between the pins 54 c and 54 d, a shape memory alloy wire 55 c is provided extendedly between the pins 54 e and 54 f, and a shape memory alloy wire 55 d is provided extendedly between the pins 54 g and 54 h so that all the shape memory alloy wires surround the holder frame 52 which holds the correction lens 53. The respective wires are in contact with the holder frame 52 pressingly and function to set the holder frame 52 so that the center of the correction lens is located at the position coincident with the optical axis.
  • [0072]
    A shrunk shape with a predetermined size has been memorized in the shape memory alloy wires 55 a to 55 d previously, when a current is supplied to the shape memory alloy wires to heat up to a predetermined temperature, the shape memory alloy wires are restored to the memory shape. Because the size of shape memory alloy wires after restoration depends on the temperature, the temperature is controlled by controlling the current value to be supplied, and the magnitude of restoration of the shape memory alloy wires is controlled.
  • [0073]
    In the above-mentioned structure, the condition in which a current is not supplied to the respective shape memory alloy wires for heating represents the standby condition, and in the standby condition, the holder frame 52 is located at the position where the center of the correction lens 53 is coincident with the optical axis. FIG. 9 shows this condition.
  • [0074]
    When an image shake correction starts, a current corresponding to the correction magnitude is supplied to the shape memory alloy wires 55 a to 55 d. When the correction lens 53 is wanted to be moved in X-axis positive direction (right direction in FIG. 9), a current is supplied to the shape memory alloy wire 55 c for heating, the wire 55 c is restored to the memory shape and shrinks against to the elastic force of the wire 55 d, and the wire 55 c is deformed to a form which is more approximate to a straight line. As the result, the wire 55 c pushes the holder frame 52 in X-axis positive direction, and the correction lens 53 is moved in X-axis positive direction.
  • [0075]
    The correction lens 53 is wanted to be moved in X-axis negative direction (direction to the left in FIG. 9), a current is supplied to the shape memory alloy wire 55 d in the same manner as described herein above, and the correction lens 53 is moved in X-axis negative direction.
  • [0076]
    Further, the correction lens 53 is wanted to be moved in Y-axis positive direction (upper direction in FIG. 9), a current is supplied to the shape memory alloy wire 55 b for heating to push the holder frame 53 in Y-axis positive direction, and the correction lens 53 is moved in Y-axis positive direction. When the correction lens 53 is wanted to be moved in Y-axis negative direction (downward direction in FIG. 9), a current is supplied to the shape memory alloy wire 55 a for heating to push the holder frame 53 in Y-axis negative direction, and the correction lens 53 is moved in Y-axis negative direction.
  • [0077]
    [0077]FIG. 10 is a block diagram for illustrating the structure of the control circuit 60 for controlling the correction optical unit. The control circuit 60 has a CPU 61 as the main component, a camera shake sensor 64, a memory unit 65, and an exposure controller 66 are connected to the input/output port of the CPU 61 and heater driving units 63 a to 63 d for heating the respective shape memory alloy wires 55 a to 55 d are connected to the output port of the CPU 61.
  • [0078]
    Current value data for heating corresponding to the image shake magnitude is stored in the memory unit 65. The relation between the current value to be supplied to the shape memory alloy wire and the magnitude of the deformation length of the memorized shape is previously measured and further the current value is determined based on the image shake correction magnitude namely the displacement of the correction lens.
  • [0079]
    The control circuit selects shape memory alloy wires 55 a to 55 d to be heated based on the image shake correction magnitude and direction detected by the camera shake sensor 64, and a current value corresponding to the image shake correction magnitude is determined from the memory data of the memory unit 65, and supplies an electric current to the selected shape memory alloy wire. Thus the correction lens is moved to the position for correcting the detected image shake, and the image shake is corrected.
  • [0080]
    [Fifth Embodiment]
  • [0081]
    The fifth embodiment is described. The fifth embodiment has a structure in which the image shake is corrected by inclining a correction lens with respect to the optical axis.
  • [0082]
    [0082]FIG. 11 is a cross sectional view for illustrating the structure of a correction optical unit. FIG. 12 is an enlarged cross sectional view for illustrating the structure of an inclining mechanism of the correction optical unit, and FIG. 13 is a cross sectional view along the line A-A in FIG. 11. FIG. 14 is a cross sectional view for illustrating the inclined correction optical unit shown in FIG. 11.
  • [0083]
    In FIG. 11 to FIG. 14, a correction optical unit 70 is provided with a holder frame 72 for supporting correction lenses 71 a and 71 b and a fixed frame 73 mounted in a lens barrel not shown in the drawing, the holder frame 72 and the fixed frame 73 are engaged with a cylindrical engaging unit 77.
  • [0084]
    At positions corresponding where the periphery of the engaging unit is divided into a plurality of angular intervals (for example, 90 degrees, 120 degrees), a plurality of driving members 74 (74 a to 74 d in the following description) consisting of shape memory alloy are inserted between the end face of a flange 72 a formed on the end of the holder frame 72 and the end face of a flange 73 a formed on the end of the fixed frame 73 in the engaging unit 77, and as the result the flange 72 a and the flange 73 a are pressed by a plurality of elastic members 75 (75 a to 75 d in the following description) such as U-shaped springs.
  • [0085]
    For the purpose of description, as shown in FIG. 13, the exemplary structure in which the engaging unit periphery is divided into 90 degree intervals and the orthogonal ordinate system having the optical axis coincident with Z-axis is introduced, the driving members 74 a and 74 b consisting of shape memory alloy are located in Y-axis direction, and the driving members 74 c and 74 d consisting of shape memory alloy are located in X-axis direction is described.
  • [0086]
    A shrunk shape with a predetermined size has been memorized in the driving members 74 a to 74 d consisting shape memory alloy previously. Heaters 76 a to 76 d are provided on the outside of the respective driving members 74 a to 74 d, when the heaters 76 a to 76 d heat the respective driving members 74 a to 74 d consisting of shape memory alloy up to a predetermined temperature, the driving members 74 a to 74 d are restored to the memory shape. Because the size of shape memory alloy after restoration depends on the temperature, the temperature is controlled by controlling the current value to be supplied, and the magnitude of restoration of the shape memory alloy wires is controlled.
  • [0087]
    In the above-mentioned structure, the condition in which no current is supplied to heaters 76 a to 76 d and the respective driving members 74 a to 74 d consisting of shape memory alloy are not heated and represents the standby condition. The holder frame 72 is not inclined with respect to the fixed frame 73, and the center of the correction lenses 71 a and 71 b is located at the position coincident with the optical axis.
  • [0088]
    When an image shake correction starts, an electric current is supplied to any one or two of the heaters 76 a to 76 d correspondingly to the correction magnitude to incline the holder frame 72 with respect to the fixed frame 73. For example, as shown in FIG. 14, in order to incline the incident light which has passed the correction lens downward in Y-plane, a current is supplied to the heater 76 a to heat the driving member 74 a consisting of shape memory alloy. The driving member 74 a is restored to the memory shape and the diameter increases (becomes larger in the optical axis direction), the upper side of the holder frame 72 is pushed out to the right side with respect to the fixed frame 73, and the incident light which has passed the correction lens is inclined downward in Y-axis plane.
  • [0089]
    The control circuit suitable for the structure in accordance the fifth embodiment has the same structure that, in the control circuit in accordance with the fourth embodiment shown in FIG. 10, the wires 55 a to 55 d consisting of shape memory ally are replaced with the heaters 76 a to 76 d, and the control circuit is operated in the same manner as that of the above-mentioned fourth embodiment and the description is omitted.
  • [0090]
    In the embodiments described hereinbefore, image shake correction driving mechanisms which utilize shape memory alloy for correction in either X-axis direction and Y-axis direction, actuators having other structures may be used combinedly. For example, an image shake correction driving mechanism which utilizes shape memory alloy may be used combinedly with a driving mechanism which utilizes piezoelectric transducer, which is excellent in controllability. In this case, a driving mechanism which utilizes a piezoelectric transducer is used for driving in the direction in which image shake occurs more often and a driving mechanism which utilizes shape memory alloy is used for driving in the direction in which image shake occurs more seldom, thereby image shake is corrected more precisely and the driving mechanism is made compact and light weight.
  • [0091]
    [0091]FIG. 15 is a cross sectional view for illustrating the structure of a camera which is provided with one of the image shake correction devices explained in the first to fifth embodiments. In FIG. 15, 101 denotes a camera body, 111 denotes a photographic lens barrel. The photographic lens barrel 111 accommodates a photographic lens 112 and an optical element 113 of an image shake correction device behind the photographic lens 112, and these components forms an optical system 114.
  • [0092]
    On the other hand, the camera body 101 accommodates a quick return mirror 105 in the optical path, a focusing plate 106, apentaprism107, and an ocular lens 108, and the incident light which has passed through the optical system 114 is reflected from the quick return mirror 105 to form an object image on the focusing screen 106, and the object image is observed through the pentagonal prism 107 and eyepiece lens 108. A film F is located on the image forming plane behind the quick return mirror 105, the quick return mirror 105 is turned upward to allow the incident light which has passed the optical system 114 to form an image on the film F for exposure.
  • [0093]
    An angular acceleration sensor not shown in the drawing is provided for detecting camera shake in the camera body 101, and when a shutter button is pushed, the optical element 113 for correcting image shake is driven by a driving mechanism not shown in the drawing to correct image shake. Simultaneously when the shutter button is pushed, the quick return mirror 105 is lifted to allow the incident light which has passed the optical system 114 to form an image on the film F, therefore the image shake on the focal plane is corrected even though the camera shake is caused in photographing, and an object image is photographed without image shake.
  • [0094]
    As described hereinbefore, the image shake correction device for an optical apparatus of the present invention is provided with a correction optical element for correction in the optical path of the principal optical system for driving the correction optical element correspondingly to the detected image shake magnitude to correct the image shake on the image forming plane of an optical system. By employing the driving mechanism which utilizes shape memory alloy for driving a correction lens for correcting the image shake, there is provided a compact light-weight image shake correction device, in comparison with a conventional image shake correction device having a driving mechanism which utilizes a piezoelectric transducer or moving coil for driving a correction lens.
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Classifications
U.S. Classification359/557
International ClassificationG03B17/00, G02B27/64, G03B5/00
Cooperative ClassificationG03B2205/0023, G03B2205/0015, G03B2205/0076, G03B2205/003, G03B5/00, G02B27/646
European ClassificationG03B5/00, G02B27/64V
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
27 May 1999ASAssignment
Owner name: MINOLTA CO., LTD., JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KOSAKA, AKIRA;TANII, JUNICHI;HARA, YOSHIHIRO;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:010016/0770;SIGNING DATES FROM 19990514 TO 19990517
20 Aug 1999ASAssignment
Owner name: JOHNSON & JOHNSON CONSUMER COMPANIES, INC., NEW JE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:NIERMIEC, SUSAN M.;NYSTRAND, GLENN A.;WANG, JONAS C.T.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:010179/0275;SIGNING DATES FROM 19990604 TO 19990614
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