|Publication number||CN1688478 A|
|Application number||CN 03824477|
|Publication date||26 Oct 2005|
|Filing date||4 Sep 2003|
|Priority date||4 Sep 2002|
|Also published as||CA2496512A1, CA2496512C, CN100376458C, DE60303223D1, DE60303223T2, EP1539572A1, EP1539572B1, US7524189, US20060105300, WO2004022427A1|
|Publication number||03824477.2, CN 03824477, CN 1688478 A, CN 1688478A, CN-A-1688478, CN03824477, CN03824477.2, CN1688478 A, CN1688478A, PCT/2003/2645, PCT/FR/2003/002645, PCT/FR/2003/02645, PCT/FR/3/002645, PCT/FR/3/02645, PCT/FR2003/002645, PCT/FR2003/02645, PCT/FR2003002645, PCT/FR200302645, PCT/FR3/002645, PCT/FR3/02645, PCT/FR3002645, PCT/FR302645|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (9), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
本发明涉及一种自由下落模拟装置，换句话说，一种可以使人在自由下落状态、在流经一操纵室的可控上升空气流中保持平衡的装置。 The present invention relates to a free-fall simulator, in other words, a way to make the free-fall state, flows through a controllable cab rising air flow to maintain a balance means.
这种类型的自由下落模拟装置被设计成具有多功能，包括跳伞或狂热体育运动的训练和培训，甚至可以应用于主题公园。 This type of free-fall simulator is designed to have a multi-functional, including mania or skydiving training and sports training, can be applied to even a theme park. 显然，这种类型的自由下落模拟装置可以避免例如成本问题、天气的不确定性问题、以及与正常训练有关的、当在高空中从飞机上跳下时的责任等问题。 Obviously, this type of free-fall simulator to avoid problems such as cost, uncertainty of weather, as well as with the normal training-related, when jumping from the aircraft at high altitude in the liability and other issues.
因此本发明的一个目的是提供一种改进的自由下落模拟装置，其可以产生一速度降低的上升空气流。 It is therefore an object of the present invention is to provide an improved free-fall simulator, which can produce an upward air flow speed is reduced. 这种空气流必须尽可能的均匀，能使任何使用者，不管其重量和体形，都能移动通过不同平衡高度的平衡位置和自由下落组态。 This air flow must be as uniform as possible, enabling any user, regardless of their weight and shape, can move through different equilibrium height of the equilibrium position and free-fall configuration. 为了使使用者有效地学习到如何改变其身体的姿势和方向以控制其下落的速度和方向，关键是要在操纵室内产生尽可能均匀的上升空气流。 To enable users to effectively learn how to change the position and orientation of its body to control the speed and direction of their whereabouts, the key is to generate increased air flow as uniform as possible in the control room. 这种装置还必须满足一些其他与保护环境有关的限制，更具体的是与隔音有关的限制。 Such a device must also meet a number of other limitations associated with the protection of the environment, more specifically with the noise-related limitations.
这是为什么本发明涉及一种自由下落模拟装置的原因，其特征在于包括：一下部压缩室：·在其下部的外圆周附近，具有多个打开的风扇出口，风扇以向心结构布置，以及·在其上部锥形部分布置一个压缩格栅；一圆柱形室，其限定了一操纵空间，且直接位于压缩室的上方，速度从下到上逐渐梯度降低地均匀上升的空气流经过这里；以及一大致为圆柱形的上部结构，其至少封闭模拟装置的操纵室，该模拟装置的上部终止于一个圆屋顶，该圆屋顶覆盖模拟装置的所述操纵室，其用于促进空气向下流动离开操纵室到风扇入口的循环。 This is why the present invention relates to a free-fall simulator according to the reason, comprising: a lower compression chamber: · in the vicinity of the outer circumference of a lower portion thereof, having a plurality of fan outlet opening, the fan arranged to the core structure, and - the upper portion of the tapered portion is disposed in a compression grid; a cylindrical chamber, which define a space manipulation, and located directly above the compression chamber, from the bottom to the velocity gradient decreasing gradually rising to a uniform air flow through the Here; and a generally cylindrical superstructure which is at least closed cab simulation apparatus, the upper portion of the simulation apparatus terminates in a dome, the dome cover of the manipulation simulator according to the chamber for promoting air downward flow leaving the control room to the entrance of the circulation fan.
根据本发明，压缩室的内表面必须成形为一定形状以产生一均匀空气流，这对于确保操作员在操纵室内的稳定性很重要。 According to the present invention, the inner surface of the compression chamber to be formed into a predetermined shape to produce a uniform air flow, which is to ensure the stability of the operator in the control room is very important.
通过下面的说明特别是参考示意地表示了这种类型的一自由下落模拟装置附图的说明，可以很清楚地看出压缩室的几个具体特性。 From the following description with particular reference to this type schematically showing a freefall simulator description of the drawings, can be clearly seen that the several specific characteristics of the compression chamber.
通过下面的详细说明还可以看出模拟装置的操纵室的其他特性。 The following detailed description of the other features can also be seen that the simulation apparatus of the cab.
根据本发明的自由下落模拟装置包括一上部10，其包括一圆屋顶12，用于保护操纵圆柱体14。 According to the present invention is free falling simulation apparatus comprises an upper 10, which includes a dome 12, for protecting the steering cylinder 14.
在附图中，上部具有一示意表示的延伸附加建筑16，其被设计用于充当更衣室、卫生设施和操纵室14的入口走廊，可以在圆屋顶10的另一侧设置一相同的延伸部。 In the drawings, the upper has an extension 16 a schematic representation of an additional building, which was designed to serve as a dressing room, sanitary facilities and control room 14 entrance hallway, you can set up an extension of the same on the other side of the dome 10 . 在附图中，线18示意地表示地面。 In the drawings, the line 18 schematically represents ground.
在地面18的下方，装置包括一结构部，其主要由一环形机器室20组成，其与下部压缩室22一起用于引进空气。 Below the floor 18, the apparatus comprises a structural unit, which is mainly composed of an annular chamber 20 composed of a machine, which, together with lower compression chamber 22 for the introduction of air.
在下部压缩室22的下部圆周附近有多个孔，在孔中打开以向心结构布置的离心风扇24的出口。 In the vicinity of the lower circumference of the lower portion of the compression chamber 22 has a plurality of holes, open to the structural arrangement of the radial outlet 24 of the centrifugal fan in the hole. 压缩室22的下部有利的制成大体为圆柱形的回转体26，其向上延伸出截锥形部分28。 Advantageously the lower portion of the compression chamber 22 is formed generally cylindrical rotor 26, which extends upwardly out frustoconical portion 28.
为了在压缩室22中和特别是随后在操纵室14中产生一均匀空气流，有利地以预定角度间隔布置推进风扇24。 22 and in particular in order to subsequently produce a uniform air flow in the actuator chamber 14 in the compression chamber, is advantageously arranged at predetermined angular intervals propulsion fan 24.
在实践中，已经发现在环形机器室20内以预定角度间隔布置12个离心风扇可以满足要求。 In practice, it has been found in the machine within the annular chamber 20 are arranged at predetermined angular intervals the centrifugal fan 12 to meet the requirements.
在所示的实施例中，压缩室22半径是7.75m，高度是7.5m。 In the embodiment shown, the radius of the compression chamber 22 is 7.75m, the height is 7.5m. 特别的，该室的形状可以使其产生尽可能均匀的空气速度曲线。 In particular, the shape of the chamber may be possible to produce uniform air velocity profile.
为了避免在压缩格栅30附近沿着截锥形部分28的内壁分流空气流，压缩格栅30位于截锥形部分28的上锥形部分，业已发现在内壁上安装一个环形弯头32很有用，其朝压缩室22的内侧突出。 In order to avoid compression near the inner wall of the grill 30 along the frustoconical portion 28 of the split air stream, compressed grill frustoconical portion 30 located on the tapered portion 28, it has been found that the inner wall of an annular mounting 32 is useful elbow , the compression chamber 22 toward the inner side thereof protrudes. 在所示的实施例中，该环形弯头的半径为1m。 In the embodiment shown, the annular bend radius 1m. 压缩室22内壁的该特有的轮廓使其可以引导空气流，并有效地将压缩室的静态压力转换为动态压力，且在空气流流过环形弯头32时不会导致空气流分流。 The unique contour of the inner wall of the compression chamber 22 so that it can guide the air flow and effectively static pressure of the compression chamber is converted to dynamic pressure, and the air flow through the annular bypass air flow does not cause the elbow 32. 这个弯头的半径大约是1m，优选地成形为电镀钢板部件，其可以很好地与下部压缩室的混凝土壁结构相匹配。 The radius of the elbow is approximately 1m, is preferably shaped to galvanized steel sheet member, which works well with lower compression chamber concrete wall structures match.
位于室内的风扇可以由离心风扇构成，其入口漏斗被一个格栅保护着，该风扇用于引导流进孔内的空气，该孔成形在环形机器室20的圆周上。 Located in the indoor fan may be constituted by a centrifugal fan, which inlet funnel protected by a grille, the fan for directing air flow into the hole, the hole formed in the peripheral annular chamber 20 of the machine. 在图示装置的实施例中，在环形部分和风扇入口的空气流速度优选地小于7m/s。 In the illustrated embodiment of the apparatus, the annular portion and the fan in the inlet air flow rate is preferably less than 7m / s.
有利地，推进风扇安装在基座和抗振动块上。 Advantageously, the propulsion fan mounted on the base and anti-vibration blocks. 在实践中成功使用的风扇的特性例如如下：单位空气流率：66m3/s；风扇压力：2269Pa。 In practice, the successful use of features such as a fan as follows: Unit Air flow rate: 66m3 / s; the fan pressure: 2269Pa.
从这种类型的风扇中流出的空气流的流出速度有利地应该在40m/s附近。 Advantageously the outflow velocity of the air stream from flowing out of this type of fan to 40m / s should be in the vicinity.
在安装环形弯头32后安装压缩格栅30，其具有保持下部压缩室22的压力和在压缩室出口处尽可能均匀地分配空气速度的主要功能。 In mounting ring 32 is mounted on the elbow after compression grid 30, having a lower portion holding the compression chamber 22 and the pressure distribution in the main function of air velocity at the outlet of the compression chamber as uniformly as possible.
有利地，安装在下部压缩室22上部的压缩格栅30被设计用于产生一大约为150Pa的压力下降。 Advantageously, mounted in an upper portion of the lower portion of the compression chamber 22 the compression grid 30 is designed for generating a pressure of about 150Pa dropped to. 在实践中，完全可以找到一合适的网眼尺寸为500mm×500mm和例如金属丝直径大约为2mm的格栅。 In practice, entirely possible to find a suitable mesh size of 500mm × 500mm and e.g. wire diameter of about 2mm grid.
为了完整地说明根据本发明的装置的下部结构，我们应该提及必须具有持续工作的空气更新装置24，主要是为了防止空气由于风扇的操作而过热，以及定期地供应干净的空气。 To complete description of the device according to the present invention, the substructure, we should mention must have air updating means 24 continues to operate, mainly to prevent air overheating due to operation of the fan, and the supply of clean air periodically. 为了实现这个目的，在一特定实施例中，圆屋顶12的上部具有至少一个新鲜空气入口，在该入口装配有一个声频陷波器。 For this purpose, in a particular embodiment, the upper dome 12 has at least one fresh air inlet, the inlet is equipped with an audio trap. 而且设置多个排风扇机械地排出空气，这样也可以控制整个飞行模拟装置的温度。 And mechanically a plurality of exhaust fan exhaust air, so that the temperature can be controlled throughout the flight simulation device.
有利地，还在排风扇的出口设置声频陷波器。 Advantageously, also the exhaust fan outlet disposed audio trap.
在所有环境中，应该在这个装置中设置新鲜空气的入口和出口，且应该相对布置以进行操作。 In all environments, you should set the entry and exit of fresh air in this device, and should be relatively arranged to operate.
一拟圆柱形室36位于压缩格栅30上方，且限定了一操纵空间，压缩格栅30直接位于压缩室22的上方。 A quasi cylindrical chamber 36 is located above the compression grid 30, and defines a manipulation space, grille 30 is located directly above the compression chamber 22 is compressed. 该拟圆柱形室36被设计以使一均匀上升空气流经过，该空气流的速度梯度从下到上规则地下降。 The cylindrical chamber 36 is intended to be designed so that a uniform increase in air flow through, the air flow velocity gradient from the bottom to decrease regularly.
有利地，这个拟圆柱形操纵室36包括一大体为圆柱形的下部38，其向上延伸出一扩张型圆锥部分40。 Advantageously, the manipulation of quasi cylindrical chamber 36 includes a generally cylindrical lower portion 38, which extends upwardly out of a dilated cone portion 40.
有利地，该扩张型圆锥部分40的壁相对于垂直方向所成的角度大约小于6°。 Advantageously, the dilated wall of the cone portion 40 with respect to the angle formed by the vertical direction of less than about 6 °.
在图示的实施例中，整个操纵室的高度是7m。 In the illustrated embodiment, the height of the entire cab is 7m. 当去除中间缓冲网43时，该整个操纵室的高度在两个安全网42和44之间延伸，它们分别安装在拟圆柱形操纵室36的底部和顶部。 When the removal of the intermediate buffer network 43, the entire height of the cab between the two safety nets 42 and 44 extending, respectively, mounted on the bottom and top of the cab 36 of the cylindrical proposed.
在附图所示的装置中，这个拟圆柱形操纵室36的底部包括直径为3.8m高度为2m的圆柱体。 In the apparatus shown in the drawings, the bottom of the cab 36 is intended to include a cylindrical diameter of 3.8m height 2m cylinder. 该扩张型锥形部分40的高度是8.5m，相对于垂直方向扩张的角度大约是3.6°。 The height of the conical expansion portion 40 is 8.5m, with respect to the vertical expansion angle is approximately 3.6 °. 在实践中，这个角度可以避免壁沿着拟圆柱形操纵室36影响和分流空气流。 In practice, this angle can be avoided along the wall of the cylindrical actuator chamber 36 intended impact and shunt air flow.
需要指出的是，在这种情况下，底部安全网42安装在大约到压缩格栅30的距离为1.5m的地方且位于其上方，导致在压缩格栅和安全网上产生400Pa的总压力降。 It should be noted that, in this case, the bottom of the safety net 42 is mounted to the compression grid distance of about 30 for local 1.5m and located above it, resulting in the compression grid and the safety of the medium to produce a total pressure of 400Pa drop.
因此装置的使用者可在下保护网42和上升限制处之间约7m的高度距离内进行操纵，该上升限制处位于上保护网44下方大约50cm处。 So within the next user of the device can be a distance of about 7m height between 42 and rise limit protection network at manipulation, which is located on a rise limit protection network about 50cm at 44 below.
为了便于空气在拟圆柱形室36的出口流出，从而使其正确地循环，拟圆柱形室36的上自由边缘具有一周边环46，其也可以由电镀钢板制成为弯曲部件。 In order to facilitate the air outlet 36 in the cylindrical compartment intended outflow, so that it correctly cycle, to be on the free edge of the cylindrical chamber 36 having a peripheral ring 46, which may be made of galvanized steel sheet formed into a curved member. 显然，由例如电镀钢板制成的该环形弯头32和周边环46与安全网42和44以及压缩格栅30一起，可以在不使用任何固定装置的情况下进行安装，所述固定装置会影响空气的流出。 Clearly, for example, the annular bend plated steel plate 32 and the peripheral ring 46 and safety nets 42 and 44 and 30 together with the compression grid, can be installed without using any fixing means, said fixing means will affect air outflow.
在所示的实施例中，在拟圆柱形操纵室36内速度分配如下：底部：大约70m/s中间部分：大约50m/s顶部：接近上升限制处的速度，大约为45m/s需要指出的是，在底部产生的大约为70m/s的空气速度可以使最有经验的操作员进行自由下落动作。 In the illustrated embodiment, the manipulation of the cylindrical chamber 36 proposed rate allocation is as follows: Bottom: about 70m / s in the middle part: about 50m / s at the top: at close to the speed limit rises approximately 45m / s should be noted is generated at the bottom of about 70m / s air velocity can make the most experienced operator to free-fall operation. 超出该区域，在室36的上部速度就会下降到限制上升速度。 Outside this region, in the upper chamber 36 will drop to the speed limit increased speed. 中间部分的速度实际上满足大部分平均水平的操作员进行动作。 Speed of the intermediate portion actually meet most average operator action. 大约是50m/s(180km/hr)的速度特别适用于圆柱体入口处的平台48顶点的速度，在附图中其位于标记48所表示的平面上。 About 50m / s (180km / hr) is particularly suitable for the speed of the cylinder 48 at the entrance to the platform velocity vertex, which is located in the drawing plane indicated by numeral 48.
在圆柱形室中的该平面上，本发明具有几个没有在这里详细示出的特性，这些特性适用于出入操纵室。 In a cylindrical chamber on the plane, the present invention has several not shown in detail here features that apply to out of the cab.
因此，该拟圆柱形操纵室具有一个附加的缓冲网43，其可拆卸地固定在其圆周上。 Therefore, the proposed cylindrical chamber having an additional manipulation buffer network 43, which is detachably secured to the circumference thereof.
根据本发明的另一个特征，拟圆柱形操纵室中间部分的壁具有至少一个打开的孔，可以进入圆屋顶中封闭的室52中，且限定了一个可进入的平台48，优选地具有圆柱形回转体的形状。 According to another feature of the invention, the cylindrical wall intended to manipulate the intermediate portion of the chamber having at least one open hole, can enter the dome in the closed chamber 52, and defines an access platform 48 preferably has a cylindrical The shape of the rotation.
根据本发明的另一个特征，可进入室52的上部具有弯曲的连接侧面54，其具有一个向内的凹度以促进空气流的循环。 According to another feature of the present invention, into the upper chamber 52 has a curved side surface 54 is connected, which has an inward concavity to promote the circulation of the air flow.
根据本发明的另一个特征，该附加的缓冲网43近似位于所述可进入平台48的平面上。 According to another feature of the invention, the additional buffer network 43 is located approximately in the plane of the access platform 48.
根据本发明的另一个特征，至少一个圆周网56被拉伸跨越所述孔，该圆周网可以使操作者保持在空气流中，该孔位于扩张型圆锥部分40的壁的延伸部。 According to another feature of the invention, at least one circumferential web 56 is stretched across the hole, the circumference of the mesh allows the operator to keep in the air flow, the hole located dilated wall of the conical portion 40 of the extension portion.
根据本发明的另一个特征，两个圆周网56彼此至少部分互搭，以使操作员可以进入操纵室。 According to another feature of the invention, two circumferential web 56 is at least partially lap each other, so that the operator can enter the cab.
根据本发明的另一个特征，圆锥室40的内壁包括一起飞和缓冲界58，其内表面在圆锥形室40的所述内壁的延伸部延伸。 According to another feature of the invention, the inner wall of the conical chamber 40 includes a take-off and a buffer sector 58, the inner surface of the extending portion of the inner wall of the conical chamber 40 extends.
圆柱形室36中的均匀上升空气流还被装置的上部结构和下部结构中良好的空气流循环推进，空气流流经环形室20。 A cylindrical chamber 36 in a uniform flow of air is further increased by means of the upper structure and lower structure to promote good air flow cycle, the air flow through the annular chamber 20. 在附图中示意地用不同的箭头表示该空气循环。 In the drawings schematically shows the different air circulation arrow. 为了推进该空气流循环，上部结构具有一个成形为实心回转体50的中心凸起，其位于拟圆柱形操纵室36回转轴线的中心。 In order to promote the circulation of the air flow, having an upper structure shaped as a solid rotor center projection 50, which is in the center of the rotation axis 36 of the cylindrical chamber intended manipulation. 有利地，该成形为实心回转体50的中心凸起具有大体圆锥体形状，其侧面朝所述凸起内部具有一个凹度。 Advantageously, the solid shaped rotating body 50 as the center projection has a generally conical shape, its side towards the inside of said protrusion having a concavity.
这种布置促进圆柱形室36出口处空气方向的改变。 This arrangement changes promote a cylindrical chamber 36 at the outlet of the air direction.
显然，上述模拟装置还可以包括一定数量的不超出本发明范围的变形和/或改进。 Obviously, the above-described simulation apparatus may further include a number of the present invention without departing from the scope of variations and / or improvements.
因此，可以设置可以降低装置内部温度的通风口和/或装置。 Accordingly, vents and / or means of setting the temperature inside the apparatus can be reduced.
在特定条件下，可以使用排风扇来抑制装置内外部的噪音。 Under certain conditions, the exhaust fan can be used to suppress the noise outside of the device.
在根据本发明模拟装置的具体范围内，可以使用任何附加的格栅来分流和/或稳定空气流。 Within a specific range of the analog device of the present invention can be used to split grille any additional and / or stabilizing the air flow.
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|CN100533094C||6 Jun 2006||26 Aug 2009||刘晓萌||Annular back-flow vertical wind tunnel, and its back-flow method|
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|International Classification||A63B69/00, A63G31/00, B64D23/00, G09B9/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A63G31/00, B64D23/00, A63G2031/005|
|European Classification||B64D23/00, A63G31/00|
|26 Oct 2005||C06||Publication|
|21 Dec 2005||C10||Entry into substantive examination|
|26 Mar 2008||C14||Grant of patent or utility model|
|28 Oct 2015||EXPY||Termination of patent right or utility model|