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Publication numberCN102540941 B
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 201110456410
Publication date23 Apr 2014
Filing date30 Dec 2011
Priority date30 Dec 2011
Also published asCN102540941A
Publication number201110456410.3, CN 102540941 B, CN 102540941B, CN 201110456410, CN-B-102540941, CN102540941 B, CN102540941B, CN201110456410, CN201110456410.3
Inventors张田, 程文淦
Applicant福建浔兴拉链科技股份有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Control system and control method of automatic cut-off machine
CN 102540941 B
Abstract  translated from Chinese
本发明公开了一种自动切断机的控制系统和控制方法,其控制系统包括单片机,分别连接在单片机的相应输入端的开关板、刀口感应器和切刀感应器,分别连接在单片机的相应输出端的切刀电磁阀和步进电机驱动器,以及连接于步进电机驱动器的输出端步进电机。 The present invention discloses a control system and control method for automatic cutting machine, the control system includes a microcontroller, are connected to the respective inputs of the microcontroller switch plate, knife-edge sensor and cutter sensors, are connected to the respective outputs of the microcontroller cutter solenoid valve and stepper motor drives, and stepper motor drive is connected to the output of the stepper motor. 本发明采用单片机技术,当刀口感应器感应到下刀口时,触发单片机控制停带、切断上刀口,通过切刀感应器感应到切刀机构做完切断动作后,给单片机发出控制信号使剩余拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行;同时,单片机控制拉带机构将拉链拉动一个刀口长度,然后再停止拉带、切断下刀口,从而切出两端均不留带头的特殊拉链产品。 The present invention uses chip technology, when the blade under the edge sensor senses a trigger MCU control of the stop, cut off the blade, sensed by the sensor cutter after cutter mechanism finished cutting action, to the microcontroller control signals so that the remaining zipper In pulling the drawstring mechanism move; at the same time, single-chip control mechanism will pull with a blade length zipper pull, then stop pulling belt, cut under the knife, so that the two ends are not cut out to remain a leading special zipper products.
Claims(6)  translated from Chinese
1.自动切断机的控制系统,其特征在于:包括电源部分、开关板、刀口感应器、切刀电磁阀、单片机、步进电机驱动器、步进电机和切刀感应器,开关板上设置有启动开关和可调拨码开关; 由电源部分为整个控制系统提供电源; 启动开关连接于单片机相应输入端用以控制单片机的启动; 可调拨码开关连接于单片机的相应输入端,用以向单片机输入参数设定信息; 刀口感应器和切刀感应器分别连接于单片机的相应输入端,用以向单片机输入触发信息; 切刀电磁阀连接于单片机的相应输出端,用以控制自动切断机的切刀机构的动作; 步进电机驱动器连接于单片机的相应输出端,步进电机连接于步进电机驱动器的输出端,通过步进电机驱动器驱动步进电机,由步进电机控制自动切断机的拉带机构动作。 1. Automatic cutting machine control system, characterized by comprising: a power supply section, switch plate, blade sensor, cutter solenoid valves, microcontroller, stepper motor drives, stepper motor and cutter sensors, switch plate is provided with start switch and the allocation of the code switch; provided by the power supply part of the entire control system power; start switch is connected to the respective inputs of the microcontroller to control the microcontroller start; can allocate code switch is connected to the corresponding input of the microcontroller to the microcontroller input Parameter setting information; edge sensors and cutter sensors are connected to respective input terminals of the microcontroller to the microcontroller input trigger information; cutter solenoid valve connected to the respective outputs of the microcontroller to control automatic cutting machine cutting stepper motor drive is connected to the respective outputs of the microcontroller, stepper motor stepper motor drive is connected to the output of the drive stepper motor drive stepper motor, stepper motor controlled by the automatic cutting machine pull; action knife mechanism with body movements.
2.根据权利要求1所述的自动切断机的控制系统,其特征在于:还包括连接于单片机一输入端的转换开关,用以对单片机进行普通工作模式和特殊工作模式之间的转换。 2. The automatic cutting machine according to claim 1, wherein the control system, characterized by further comprising: an input terminal connected to the microcontroller's switch to the microcontroller converts normal mode and the special work patterns.
3.根据权利要求1所述的自动切断机的控制系统,其特征在于:上述开关板上还设置有急停开关,急停开关连接于单片机相应输入端用于紧急停止单片机的运行。 3. The automatic cutting machine control system according to claim 1, wherein: the switch panel is also provided with an emergency stop switch, emergency stop switch is connected to the microcontroller run the respective input terminals for emergency stop microcontroller.
4.根据权利要求1所述的自动切断机的控制系统,其特征在于:上述可调拨码开关为电位器拨码开关。 The automatic cutting machine according to claim 1, wherein the control system, characterized in that: said code switch can allocate potentiometer DIP switch.
5.自动切断机的控制方法,其特征在于,通过如下步骤实现: 一、由单片机输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器,步进电机驱动器驱动步进电机工作,由步进电机带动拉带机构拉动长带状拉链向前行; 二、当拉链前行至刀口感应器处,刀口感应器感应到拉链的下刀口时,刀口感应器发出触发信号给单片机,单片机输出控制信号给切刀电磁阀和步进电机驱动器,步进电机停止工作,停止拉带,切刀电磁阀开启,控制切刀机构工作,切断拉链的上刀口; 三、通过切刀感应器感应到切刀机构做完切断动作后,切刀感应器给单片机发出控制信号,单片机输出相应的控制信号至步进电机驱动器,驱动步进电机工作,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行;同时,根据单片机的设定程序,当切完上刀口时,电位器拨码开关发出对应于刀口长度的脉冲信号给单片机; 四、当脉冲信号发送完成时,单片机输出控制信号控制步进电机停止拉带,且单片机发出控制信号给切刀电磁阀,切刀机构动作,进行再次切断,切断下刀口,从而切出两端均不留带头的特殊拉链产品。 5. Automatic cutting machine control method, characterized by the following steps to achieve: First, the microcontroller output control signal to the stepping motor drives, stepper motor drive stepper motor driven, driven by a stepper motor to pull drawstring agency elongated zipper move forward; Second, when the front zip line to the edge of the sensor, blade sensor senses a zipper under the knife, the knife-edge sensor a trigger signal to the microcontroller, the microcontroller output control signals to the solenoid valves and knife Third, the induction sensors through the cutter to finish cutting operation cutter mechanism; stepper motor drives, stepper motor to stop working, stop pulling tape cutter solenoid valve is open, the control cutter mechanism work, cut off the zipper on edge cutter sensor sends a control signal to the microcontroller, the microcontroller output control signal corresponding to the stepper motor drives, stepper motor drives, the remaining length of the strip is pulled at the zipper move with bodies; at the same time, according to the microcontroller setting program, when finished on the cut edge, potentiometer DIP switch issue corresponds to the length of the edge pulse signal to the microcontroller; four, when the pulse signal is transmitted, the microcontroller output control signal for controlling the stepper motor stops drawstring, and the microcontroller sends a control signal to the solenoid valve cutter, cutter mechanism operated for shutting off again, cut off under the knife, which cut ends are not left to take the lead in special zipper products.
6.自动切断机的控制方法,其特征在于,通过如下步骤实现: 一、断开连接于单片机一输入端的转换开关,控制系统进入普通工作模式; 二、根据设定程序,单片机输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器,步进电机驱动器驱动步进电机工作,长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下向前行; 三、当前行至刀口感应器处时,刀口感应器先感应到拉链的上刀口的下降沿,拉链继续前行,刀口感应器再感应到下刀口的上升沿,此时刀口感应器发出信号给单片机,单片机输出控制信号给切刀电磁阀和步进电机驱动器,步进电机停止工作,拉带机构停止,切刀电磁阀开启,控制切刀机构工作,切刀机构在拉链的上刀口与下刀口之间切下一刀; 四、通过切刀感应器感应切刀机构做完切断动作后,然后切刀感应器再给单片机一个信号,单片机再次输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行,直至刀口感应器感应到拉链的下一个上刀口,如此周期性循环工作。 6. Automatic cutting machine control method, characterized by the following steps to achieve: First, disconnect the microcontroller converts an input terminal of the switch, the control system into normal mode; the second, according to the set procedure, the microcontroller output control signals to the stepper motor drives, stepper motor drive stepper motor drive, elongated zipper pull on the tape transport mechanism in the forward line; Third, the current line to the edge of the sensor, the sensor to sense the edge of the zipper falling edge of the zipper move on, and then cut the sensor senses the rising edge of the next, then the edge sensor sends a signal to the microcontroller, the microcontroller output control signals to the cutter solenoid valve and stepper motor drives, stepper motor Stop working with the agency to stop pulling the cutter solenoid valve is open, control efforts cutter mechanism, cutter mechanism between the blade and the zipper under the knife cut knife; four sensors through the cutter knife mechanism induction finish After the cutting operation, and cutter sensors give a signal to the microcontroller, the microcontroller again outputs a control signal to the stepping motor drives, the remaining length of the strip is pulled at the zipper move belt mechanism until the blade to the fastener sensors Induction The next on the edge, so periodic cycle work.
Description  translated from Chinese

自动切断机的控制系统和控制方法 Automatic shut off control system and controlling method

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001] 本发明涉及拉链生产设备,具体是一种用于拉链切断的自动切断机的控制系统和控制方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a zipper production equipment, in particular to a control system for the automatic cutting machine cutting zipper and control methods.

背景技术 Background

[0002] 现有的拉链,其在未切断前的结构如图1所示,两条并排的长带状布带A上,间隔设置有多段相对应啮合的链牙B,布带A上位于各段相对应啮合的链牙之间的空白布带称为带头C(即刀口)。 [0002] The conventional slide fastener, its structure is not shown in Figure 1 prior to cutting, the two side by side elongated cloth belt A, a number of intervals corresponding to the segment B chain engagement teeth, a cloth belt A is white cloth belt fastener elements corresponding to the engagement between segments called lead C (ie knife). 在切断工艺中,带头C对应于拉链输送方向的前端为上刀口Cl,对应于拉链输送方向的后端为下刀口C2。 In the cutting process, the lead C corresponding to the front zipper conveying direction of the blade Cl, corresponding to the rear end of the fastener feeding direction for the next edge C2.

[0003]自动切断机一般包括拉带机构,切刀机构,以及用于控制拉带机构和切刀机构工作的控制系统。 [0003] Automatic cutting machines generally include drawstring mechanism, cutter mechanism, and a control system for controlling the work of pulling the knife with agencies and institutions. 现有的自动切断机,其控制系统主要包括电源、拉带机构驱动器、切刀电磁阀、感应器和控制器,由电源为整个控制系统提供电源,感应器安装于切刀机构附近并电连接于控制器的输入端,拉带机构驱动器和切刀电磁阀分别连接于控制器的相应输出端。 Conventional automatic cutting machine, the control system includes power, pull belt mechanism drives the cutter solenoid valves, sensors and controllers, to provide power from the power supply for the entire control system, the sensor is installed in the vicinity of the cutter mechanism and electrically connected at the input of the controller, drive and pull the tape cutter mechanism solenoid valves are connected to the respective outputs of the controller. 工作时,控制器启动,输出启动信号给拉带机构驱动器,拉带机构驱动器驱动拉带机构工作,长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下向前行,当前行至刀口感应器处时,刀口感应器先感应到拉链的上刀口Cl的下降沿,然后拉链继续前行,刀口感应器再感应到下刀口C2的上升沿,此时刀口感应器发出信号给控制器,控制器输出控制信号给切刀电磁阀和拉带机构驱动器,拉带机构停止工作,切刀电磁阀开启,控制切刀机构工作,切刀机构在拉链的上刀口与下刀口之间切下一刀,通过切刀感应器感应切刀机构做完切断动作后,然后切刀感应器再给控制器一个信号,控制器再次输出控制信号给拉带机构驱动器,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行,直至感应器感应到拉链的下一个上刀口,如此周期性循环工作。 In operation, the controller starts, output enable signal to pull the belt drive mechanism, pull the drive belt mechanism drive drawstring working body, elongated zipper pull on the tape transport mechanism in the forward line, the current line to the edge sensor at the time, falling edge sensor sensing the first edge of the zipper Cl, then move the zipper, and then edge sensor senses the rising edge C2 of the next, then cut the sensor sends a signal to the controller, the controller outputs a control signal to pull the tape cutter solenoid valves and drive mechanism, pull belt mechanism stops working, the cutter solenoid valve is open, control efforts cutter mechanism, cutter mechanism between the upper edge and the lower edge knife cut the zipper, induced by the cutter Induction cutter mechanism is done after the cutting operation, and cutter sensors give a signal to the controller, the controller outputs a control signal to pull the belt drive mechanism again, the remaining length of the strip is pulled at the zipper move with agencies until the sensor senses the next zipper on one edge, so periodic cycle work.

[0004] 拉链产品中,一般是两端留有带头的普通拉链产品,也有两端均不留带头的特殊拉链产品。 [0004] fastener products, are generally left to take the lead at both ends of ordinary zipper products, but also to take the lead ends are not left special fastener products. 要从长带状拉链上切出一端留有带头的普通拉链产品,针对每条拉链产品,切断机构只需动作一次,即切断机构只需在拉链的每个刀口的上、下刀口之间切下就可以了;而要从长带状拉链上切出两端均不留带头的特殊拉链产品,则针对每条拉链产品,切断机构需动作两次,即拉链上每个刀口的上刀口和下刀口均要进行切断。 Cut out the end of the left to take the lead on a long strip of ordinary zip fastener products from, for each of the zipper products, cutting mechanism action only once, that simply cutting mechanism between the zipper on each blade, cut under the knife under it; and cut the ends are not left to take the lead on special fastener products from the elongated fastener, the fastener for each product, cutting mechanism need action twice, each blade of the knife-edge and zipper They are to be cut under the knife.

[0005] 因为现有的拉链切断机针对拉链的每一个刀口只能切一刀,对于这种两端均不带带头的特殊拉链产品,现有的拉链切断设备无法生产,所以本发明设计了一种能控制切断机切出两端均不带带头的特殊拉链产品的控制方法和所用的控制系统。 [0005] Because the existing zipper cutter blade for each fastener can only cut back, not with the lead ends for this special zipper products, zipper off existing equipment can not produce, the present invention contemplates a Species can control cutter cut out the control method ends not with a lead of special zippers and control system used.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

[0006] 本发明的目的是提供一种自动切断机的控制系统,其可控制自动切断机切出两端均不留带头的特殊拉链产品。 [0006] The object of the present invention is to provide an automatic cutting machine control system that can control the automatic cutter cut out both ends of special zippers are not left to take the lead.

[0007] 本发明的另一目的是提供一种上述控制系统的控制方法。 [0007] Another object of the present invention is to provide a control method of the control system.

[0008] 为了实现上述目的,本发明采用如下技术方案: [0008] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:

[0009]自动切断机的控制系统,包括电源部分、开关板、刀口感应器、切刀电磁阀、单片机、步进电机驱动器、步进电机和切刀感应器,开关板上设置有启动开关和可调拨码开关; [0009] The automatic cutting machines, control systems, including power supply section, switch plate, blade sensor, cutter solenoid valves, microcontroller, stepper motor drives, stepper motor and cutter sensors, switch board is provided with a start switch and You can allocate code switch;

[0010] 由电源部分为整个控制系统提供电源; [0010] by the power supply section provides power to the entire control system;

[0011]启动开关连接于单片机的相应输入端用以控制单片机的启动; Respective inputs [0011] start switch is connected to the microcontroller to control the microcontroller start;

[0012] 可调拨码开关连接于单片机的相应输入端,用以向单片机输入参数设定信息; [0012] to allocate code switch is connected to the respective inputs of the microcontroller to enter parameter setting information to the microcontroller;

[0013] 刀口感应器和切刀感应器分别连接于单片机的相应输入端,用以向单片机输入触发信息; [0013] The edge sensors and cutter sensors are connected to respective input terminals of the microcontroller to the microcontroller input trigger information;

[0014] 切刀电磁阀连接于单片机的相应输出端,用以控制自动切断机的切刀机构的动作; [0014] cutter solenoid valve connected to the respective outputs of the microcontroller to control the operation of the automatic cutting machine cutter mechanism;

[0015] 步进电机驱动器连接于单片机的相应输出端,步进电机连接于步进电机驱动器的输出端,通过步进电机驱动器驱动步进电机,由步进电机控制自动切断机的拉带机构动作。 [0015] step by the stepper motor control automatic cutting machine drawstring mechanism motor drive is connected to the respective outputs of the microcontroller, stepper motor stepper motor drive is connected to the output of the stepping motor drive stepper motor drive, action.

[0016] 还包括连接于单片机一输入端的转换开关,用以对单片机进行普通工作模式和特殊工作模式之间的转换。 [0016] also includes a microcontroller connected to an input terminal of the switch to the microcontroller converts normal mode and the special work patterns.

[0017] 上述开关板上还设置有急停开关,急停开关连接于单片机的相应输入端用于紧急停止单片机的运行。 [0017] the switch panel is also provided with emergency stop switch, emergency stop switch is connected to the corresponding inputs for emergency stop microcontroller microcontroller operation.

[0018] 上述可调拨码开关为电位器拨码开关。 [0018] The above can allocate code switch potentiometer DIP switch.

[0019] 自动切断机的控制方法,通过如下步骤实现: [0019] The control method of the automatic cutting machine, through the following steps to achieve:

[0020] 一、由单片机输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器,步进电机驱动器驱动步进电机工作,由步进电机带动拉带机构拉动长带状拉链向前行; [0020] First, the microcontroller output control signal to the stepping motor drives, stepper motor drive stepper motor driven by a stepper motor driven pulling the drawstring mechanism elongated zipper moving forward;

[0021] 二、当拉链前行至刀口感应器处,刀口感应器感应到拉链的下刀口时,刀口感应器发出触发信号给单片机,单片机输出控制信号给切刀电磁阀和步进电机驱动器,步进电机停止工作,停止拉带,切刀电磁阀开启,控制切刀机构工作,切断拉链的上刀口; [0021] Second, when the front zip line to the edge of the sensor, blade sensor senses a zipper under the knife to knife-edge sensor a trigger signal to the microcontroller, the microcontroller output control signals to the cutter solenoid valve and stepper motor drives, stepper motor to stop working, stop pulling tape cutter solenoid valve is open, the control cutter mechanism working on cutting edge zipper;

[0022] 三、通过切刀感应器感应到切刀机构做完切断动作后,切刀感应器给单片机发出控制信号,单片机输出相应的控制信号至步进电机驱动器,驱动步进电机工作,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行;同时,根据单片机的设定程序,当切完上刀口时,电位器拨码开关发出对应于刀口长度的脉冲信号给单片机; [0022] Third, the induction to finish off the cutter mechanism motion sensors through the cutter, the cutter sensor sends a control signal to the microcontroller, the microcontroller output control signal corresponding to the stepper motor drives, stepper motor drive, and the remaining Driven by an elongated zipper pull with bodies move; at the same time, according to the microcontroller setting program, when finished on the cut edge, potentiometer DIP switch issue corresponds to the length of the edge pulse signal to the microcontroller;

[0023] 四、当脉冲信号发送完成时(下刀口传输至切刀机构位置),单片机输出控制信号控制步进电机停止拉带,且单片机发出控制信号给切刀电磁阀,切刀机构动作,进行再次切断(即切断下刀口),从而切出两端均不留带头的特殊拉链产品。 [0023] Fourth, when the pulse signal transmission is completed (transferred to the cutter mechanism under the knife position), single-chip stepper motor control outputs a control signal to stop drawstring, and the microcontroller sends a control signal to the solenoid valve cutter, cutter body movements, It is cut again (to cut off under the knife) to cut out the ends are not left to take the lead in the special zipper products.

[0024] 于上述步骤一前,通过转换开关对单片机进行普通模式和特殊模式的选择。 [0024] Prior to the steps mentioned by the switch on MCU normal mode and select special modes.

[0025] 采用上述方案后,本发明的自动切断机的控制系统和控制方法,采用单片机技术,当刀口感应器感应到下刀口时,触发单片机控制切刀机构动作、控制拉带机构停止动作,拉带机构停止拉带,切刀机构动作切断上刀口,通过切刀感应器感应到切刀机构做完切断动作后,切刀感应器给单片机发出控制信号,单片机输出相应的控制信号至步进电机驱动器,驱动步进电机工作,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行;同时,可调拨码开关发出对应于刀口长度的脉冲信号给单片机,当脉冲信号发送完成时(下刀口传输至切刀机构位置),单片机输出控制信号控制步进电机停止拉带,且单片机发出控制信号给切刀电磁阀,进行再次切断(即切断下刀口),从而切出两端均不留带头的特殊拉链产品。 [0025] After the above programs, control systems and automatic cutting machine control method of the present invention, the use of chip technology, when the blade under the edge sensor senses a trigger SCM cutter body movements, control drawstring means to stop the movement, Pull with means to stop the drawstring, the cutter mechanism moves to cut off the blade, cutter mechanism after induction to finish cutting operation, the cutter sensor sends a control signal to the microcontroller through the cutter sensors, microcontroller output control signal corresponding to step motor drives, stepper motor drives, the remaining length of ribbon zipper pull on the tape transport mechanism in the move; the same time, the allocation of the code switch issue corresponds to the length of the edge pulse signal to the microcontroller, when the pulse signal transmission is complete (under Transfer to a cutter mechanism edge position), the microcontroller output control signal for controlling the stepper motor stops drawstring, and the microcontroller sends a control signal to the cutter solenoid valve is cut again (to cut off under the knife) to cut out the ends are not left leading special zipper products. 本发明的自动切断机的控制系统和控制方法,可在原自动切断机的基础上进行改进,使设备更趋于自动化和智能化,改进后自动切断机可切出两端均不留带头的特殊拉链产品。 Control system and automatic cutting machine control method of the present invention can be improved on the basis of the original automatic cutting machine, the equipment tends to be more automated and intelligent, automatic cutting machine can cut both ends of the improved lead not stay special zipper products. [0026] 本发明的自动切断机的控制系统,在单片机的一输入端连接有转换开关,通过此转换开关的接入和断开对单片机进行普通工作模式和特殊工作模式之间的转换,从而控制自动切断机既可切出普通拉链产品也可切出特殊拉链产品,实现一机两用。 [0026] The control system automatically cutting machine of the present invention, a microcontroller is connected to the input switch, switched by this switch access on and off of the microcontroller normal mode and a special operating mode between so control automatic cutting machine can cut out ordinary zipper products can also be cut out special zipper products, achieve in one machine.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0027] 图1为未切断前的拉链示意图; [0027] Figure 1 is a schematic view of the fastener before the uncut;

[0028] 图2为本发明实施例一的电路原理方框图; [0028] FIG. 2 is a schematic block diagram of one embodiment of the circuit schematic example;

[0029] 图3为本发明实施例一的控制流程图; [0029] FIG. 3 is a flowchart illustrating an inventive control of implementation;

[0030] 图4为本发明实施列二的电路原理方框图; [0030] FIG. 4 of the present invention circuit schematic block diagram of the second embodiment of the column;

[0031] 图5为本发明实施例二的控制流程图。 [0031] FIG. 5 is a flowchart illustrating the inventive control two embodiments.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0032] 实施例一: [0032] Example One:

[0033] 本发明的自动切断机的控制系统,实施例一如图2所示,包括电源部分1、开关板 [0033] cutting machines, automatic control system of the present invention, one as shown, including the power supply section 1, the switch plate in Example 2

2、刀口感应器3、切刀电磁阀4、单片机5、步进电机驱动器6、步进电机7和切刀感应器8。 2, blade sensor 3, the cutter solenoid valve 4, the microcontroller 5, 6 stepper motor driver, stepper motors 7 and 8 cutter sensors.

[0034] 由电源部分I为整个控制系统提供电源; [0034] I provide power from the power supply part of the entire control system;

[0035] 开关板2上设置有启动开关21、电位器拨码开关22和急停开关23。 [0035] 2 switch settings on the board has a start switch 21, a potentiometer DIP switch 22 and emergency stop switch 23. 启动开关21连接于单片机5的相应输入端用以控制单片机5的启动;电位器拨码开关22连接于单片机5的相应输入端,用以向单片机5输入参数设定信息;急停开关23连接于单片机5的相应输入端用于紧急停止单片机5的运行。 Start switch 21 is connected to the respective inputs of the microcontroller 5 for controlling start microcontroller 5; potentiometer DIP switch 22 is connected to the respective inputs microcontroller 5 for 5 to microcontroller input parameter setting information; emergency stop switch 23 is connected to the corresponding input of the microcontroller 5 for emergency stop microcontroller 5.

[0036] 刀口感应器3和切刀感应器8分别连接于单片机5的相应输入端,用以向单片机5输入触发信息。 [0036] 3 and the cutter blade induction sensors 8 are connected to respective input terminals of the microcontroller 5 to 5 input trigger information to the microcontroller.

[0037] 切刀电磁阀4连接于单片机5的相应输出端,用以控制自动切断机的切刀机构的动作。 [0037] The cutter solenoid valve 4 is connected to the respective outputs of the microcontroller 5 for controlling the operation of the automatic cutting machine cutter mechanism.

[0038] 步进电机驱动器6连接于单片机5的相应输出端,步进电机连接于步进电机驱动器6的输出端,通过步进电机驱动器6驱动步进电机7,由步进电机7控制自动切断机的拉带机构动作。 [0038] Stepper motor driver 6 is connected to the respective outputs of the microcontroller 5, the stepping motor is connected to the stepper motor drive output terminal 6 by 6 stepper motor drive stepper motor drive 7, the control automatically by the stepping motor 7 Pull belt mechanism moves to cut off the machine.

[0039] 如图2、3所示,本实施例自动切断机的控制系统的工作原理为: [0039] 2 and 3, the working principle of the present embodiment, the control system automatically cut off the machine as follows:

[0040] 工作时,接通控制系统的电源,进行开机初始化,再通过开关板2上的启动开关21启动单片机5,控制系统开始工作,根据设定程序,单片机5输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器6,步进电机驱动器6驱动步进电机7工作,长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下向前行,当前行至刀口感应器3感应到拉链的下刀口时,刀口感应器3发出触发信号给单片机5,单片机5输出控制信号给切刀电磁阀4和步进电机驱动器6,步进电机7停止工作,停止拉带,切刀电磁阀4开启,控制切刀机构工作,切断拉链的上刀口,通过切刀感应器8感应到切刀机构做完切断动作后,切刀感应器8给单片机5发出控制信号,单片机5输出相应的控制信号至步进电机驱动器6,驱动步进电机7工作,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行;同时,根据单片机5的设定程序,当切完上刀口时,电位器拨码开关22发出对应于刀口长度的脉冲信号给单片机5,当脉冲信号发送完成时(下刀口传输至切刀机构位置),单片机5输出控制信号控制步进电机7停止拉带,且单片机5发出控制信号给切刀电磁阀4,切刀机构动作,进行再次切断(即切断下刀口),从而切出两端均不留带头的特殊拉链产品。 When the [0040] work, the power control system, boot up initialization, and then by the start switch 2 on switch plate 21 starts MCU 5, the control system to work, according to the set procedure, the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal to the stepping motor When the drive 6 stepper motor drive stepper motor driver 6 7 work, elongated zipper pull on the tape transport mechanism in the forward line, the current line to the edge sensor 3 senses a zipper under the knife, the knife-edge sensor 3 issue 5 trigger signal to the microcontroller, the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal to the solenoid valve cutter 4 and 6 stepper motor drive stepper motor 7 to stop working, stop pulling tape cutter solenoid valve 4 is opened, control cutter mechanism work, cut off the zipper on the edge, the sensor through the cutter after cutter mechanism 8 induction finish cutting operation, the cutter sensors 8 5 send control signals to the microcontroller, the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal corresponding to the stepper motor driver 6, drive a stepper motor 7 is operated, the remaining length of ribbon zipper pull on the tape transport mechanism in the move; at the same time, according to the set procedures microcontroller 5, when the finish cut on the knife edge, potentiometer DIP switch 22 issued pulse corresponds to the length of the blade signal to the microcontroller 5, when the pulse signal transmission is complete (lower edge is transferred to the cutter body position), the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal to control the stepper motor 7 stops drawstring, and the microcontroller 5 send control signals to solenoid valve 4 cutter, cut knife institution operated for shutting off again (to cut off under the knife) to cut out the ends are not left to take the lead in the special zipper products. 通过切刀感应器8感应切刀机构做完切断动作后,然后切刀感应器8再给单片机5 —个信号,单片机5再次输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器6,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行,直至刀口感应器3感应到拉链的下一个下刀口,如此周期性循环工作。 After finishing cutting operation by the cutter sensors 8 induced cutter mechanism, and then give the microcontroller cutter sensors 8 5 - a signal to the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal again to the stepping motor driver 6, the remaining length of ribbon zipper pull Pull belt mechanism under the move until the knife edge sensor senses the next 3 zipper under the knife, so periodic cycle work.

[0041] 如图2、3所示,本实施例的自动切断机的控制方法,通过如下步骤实现: [0041] 2 and 3, the control method of automatic cutting machine of the present embodiment, through the following steps to achieve:

[0042] 一、接通控制系统的电源,进行开机初始化,再通过开关板2上的启动开关21启动单片机5,控制系统开始工作; [0042] First, the power control system, boot up initialization, and through the switch plate 2 on the start switch 21 to start the microcontroller 5, the control system to work;

[0043] 二、根据设定程序,单片机5输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器6,步进电机驱动器6驱动步进电机7工作,长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下向前行; [0043] Second, according to the set procedure, the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal to the stepping motor driver 6, the stepper motor drive stepper motor driver 6 7 work, elongated zipper is pulled in moving forward with the organization;

[0044] 三、当刀口感应器3感应到拉链的下刀口时,刀口感应器3发出触发信号给单片机5,单片机5输出控制信号给切刀电磁阀4和步进电机驱动器6,步进电机7停止工作,停止拉带,切刀电磁阀4开启,控制切刀机构工作,切断拉链的上刀口; [0044] Third, when the edge sensor 3 senses a zipper under the knife, the knife-edge sensor 3 a trigger signal to the microcontroller 5, the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal to the solenoid valve cutter 4 and 6 stepper motor drive stepper motor 7 to stop working, stop pulling tape cutter solenoid valve 4 is opened, control the cutter mechanism to work on cutting edge zipper;

[0045] 四、通过切刀感应器8感应到切刀机构做完切断动作后,切刀感应器8给单片机5发出控制信号,单片机5输出相应的控制信号至步进电机驱动器6,驱动步进电机7工作,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行;同时,根据单片机5的设定程序,当切完上刀口时,电位器拨码开关22发出对应于刀口长度的脉冲信号给单片机5 ; [0045] IV, 8 inductive sensors through the cutter after cutter mechanism to finish the cutting operation, the cutter sensors 8 5 send control signals to the microcontroller, the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal corresponding to the stepper motor drive 6, the drive step stepping motor 7 is operated, the remaining length of the strip is pulled at the zipper move with bodies; at the same time, according to the set procedures microcontroller 5, when the finish cut on the knife edge, potentiometer DIP switch 22 issue corresponds to the length of the blade pulse signal to the microcontroller 5;

[0046] 五、当脉冲信号发送完成时(下刀口传输至切刀机构位置),单片机5输出控制信号控制步进电机7停止拉带,且单片机5发出控制信号给切刀电磁阀4,切刀机构动作,进行再次切断(即切断下刀口),从而切出两端均不留带头的特殊拉链产品。 [0046] Fifth, when the pulse signal transmission is completed (transferred to the cutter mechanism under the knife position), the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal to control the stepper motor 7 stops drawstring, and the microcontroller 5 send control signals to solenoid valve 4 cutter, cut knife institution operated for shutting off again (to cut off under the knife) to cut out the ends are not left to take the lead in the special zipper products.

[0047] 六、通过切刀感应器8感应切刀机构做完切断动作后,然后切刀感应器8再给单片机5 —个信号,单片机5再次输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器6,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行,直至刀口感应器3感应到拉链的下一个下刀口,如此周期性循环工作。 [0047] VI, after finishing the cutting operation by the cutter sensors 8 induced cutter mechanism and cutter sensors 8 give the microcontroller 5 - a signal to the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal again to the stepper motor drive 6, the remaining length Under ribbon zipper pull on the move with the body until the edge sensor senses the next 3 zipper under the knife, so periodic cycle work.

[0048] 实施例二: [0048] Example Two:

[0049] 本发明的自动切断机的控制系统,实施例二如图4所示,包括电源部分1、开关板 [0049] The control system automatically cutting machine of the present invention, the embodiment of the two shown in Figure 4, includes a power supply section 1, a switch plate

2、刀口感应器3、切刀电磁阀4、单片机5、步进电机驱动器6、步进电机7和切刀感应器8。 2, blade sensor 3, the cutter solenoid valve 4, the microcontroller 5, 6 stepper motor driver, stepper motors 7 and 8 cutter sensors.

[0050] 由电源部分I为整个控制系统提供电源; [0050] I provide power from the power supply part of the entire control system;

[0051] 开关板2上设置有启动开关21、电位器拨码开关22、急停开关23和转换开关24。 [0051] provided with a start switch 21, a potentiometer 22 DIP switches, emergency stop switch 23 and switch 24 on the second switch plate. 启动开关21连接于单片机5的相应输入端用以控制单片机5的启动;电位器拨码开关22连接于单片机5的相应输入端,用以向单片机5输入参数设定信息;急停开关23连接于单片机5的相应输入端用于紧急停止单片机5的运行。 Start switch 21 is connected to the respective inputs of the microcontroller 5 for controlling start microcontroller 5; potentiometer DIP switch 22 is connected to the respective inputs microcontroller 5 for 5 to microcontroller input parameter setting information; emergency stop switch 23 is connected to the corresponding input of the microcontroller 5 for emergency stop microcontroller 5. 转换开关24连接于单片机5的相应输入端,通过此转换开关24的接入和断开对单片机5进行普通工作模式和特殊工作模式之间的转换,从而控制自动切断机切出两端均有带头的普通拉链产品或两端均没有带头的特殊拉链产品。 Change-over switch 24 is connected to the respective inputs of the microcontroller 5, by the switch 24 on and off access to the microcontroller 5 to convert normal mode and a special operating mode between to control automatic cutting machine cut out both ends lead ordinary zippers or both did not lead the special zipper products.

[0052] 刀口感应器3和切刀感应器8分别连接于单片机5的相应输入端,用以向单片机5输入触发信息。 [0052] 3 and the cutter blade induction sensors 8 are connected to respective input terminals of the microcontroller 5 to 5 input trigger information to the microcontroller.

[0053] 切刀电磁阀4连接于单片机5的相应输出端,用以控制自动切断机的切刀机构的动作。 [0053] The cutter solenoid valve 4 is connected to the respective outputs of the microcontroller 5 for controlling the operation of the automatic cutting machine cutter mechanism.

[0054] 步进电机驱动器6连接于单片机5的相应输出端,步进电机连接于步进电机驱动器6的输出端,通过步进电机驱动器6驱动步进电机7,由步进电机7控制自动切断机的拉带机构动作。 [0054] The stepper motor driver 6 is connected to the respective outputs of the microcontroller 5, the stepping motor is connected to the stepper motor drive output terminal 6 by 6 stepper motor drive stepper motor drive 7, the control automatically by the stepping motor 7 Pull belt mechanism moves to cut off the machine.

[0055] 如图4、5所示,本实施例自动切断机的控制系统的工作原理为: [0055] As shown in Figure 4 and 5, for example, automatically cut off the machine control system of the present embodiment works as follows:

[0056] 工作时,接通控制系统的电源,进行开机初始化,再通过开关板2上的启动开关21启动单片机5,控制系统开始工作,此时通过人工对转换开关24进行操作,当转换开关24接通时,控制系统进入特殊工作模式(即控制自动切断机切两端均没有带头的特殊拉链产品),当转换开关24断开时,控制系统进入普通工作模式(即控制自动切断机切两端均有带头的普通拉链产品)。 When the [0056] work, the power control system, boot up initialization, and through the switch plate 21 start start switch 2 on the MCU 5, the control system to work, this time by manual operation of the switch 24, when the switch 24 is turned on, the control system into a special operating mode (ie control automatic cutting machine cut both ends of the zipper did not take the lead in the special products), when the switch 24 is disconnected, the control system goes into normal operating mode (ie control automatic cutting machine cut both ends of the lead product of ordinary zipper).

[0057] 当接通转换开关24选择特殊工作模式时,根据设定程序,单片机5输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器6,步进电机驱动器6驱动步进电机7工作,长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下向前行,当前行至刀口感应器3感应到拉链的下刀口时,刀口感应器3发出触发信号给单片机5,单片机5输出控制信号给切刀电磁阀4和步进电机驱动器6,步进电机7停止工作,停止拉带,切刀电磁阀4开启,控制切刀机构工作,切断拉链的上刀口,通过切刀感应器8感应到切刀机构做完切断动作后,切刀感应器8给单片机5发出控制信号,单片机5输出相应的控制信号至步进电机驱动器6,驱动步进电机7工作,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行;同时,根据单片机5的设定程序,当切完上刀口时,电位器拨码开关22发出对应于刀口长度的脉冲信号给单片机5,当脉冲信号发送完成时(下刀口传输至切刀机构位置),单片机5输出控制信号控制步进电机7停止拉带,且单片机5发出控制信号给切刀电磁阀4,切刀机构动作,进行再次切断(即切断下刀口),从而切出两端均不留带头的特殊拉链产品。 [0057] When the switch 24 is turned on to select a special operation mode, according to the set procedure, the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal to the stepping motor driver 6, the stepper motor drive stepper motor driver 6 7 work, elongated zipper pull Driven by moving forward with the organization, the current line to the edge sensor 3 senses a zipper under the knife, the knife-edge sensor 3 a trigger signal to the microcontroller 5, the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal to the solenoid valve cutter 4 and stepper motors drive 6 stepper motor 7 to stop working, stop pulling tape cutter solenoid valve 4 is opened, control the cutter mechanism to work on cutting edge zipper through the cutter sensor senses the cutter mechanism 8 to finish cutting action, 8 cutter sensors 5 send control signals to the microcontroller, the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal corresponding to the stepper motor driver 6, drives the stepping motor 7 is operated, the remaining length of the strip is pulled at the zipper move with institutions; at the same time pulse signal, according to the set procedures microcontroller 5, when the finish cut on the knife edge, potentiometer DIP switch 22 issue corresponds to the length of the blade to the microcontroller 5, when the pulse signal transmission is complete (lower edge is transferred to the cutter mechanism position) , the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal to control the stepper motor 7 stops drawstring, and the microcontroller 5 send control signals to solenoid valve 4 cutter, cutter mechanism operated for shutting off again (to cut off under the knife) to cut out the ends are not stay-led special fastener products. 通过切刀感应器8感应切刀机构做完切断动作后,然后切刀感应器8再给单片机5 —个信号,单片机5再次输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器6,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行,直至刀口感应器3感应到拉链的下一个下刀口,如此周期性循环工作。 After finishing cutting operation by the cutter sensors 8 induced cutter mechanism, and then give the microcontroller cutter sensors 8 5 - a signal to the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal again to the stepping motor driver 6, the remaining length of ribbon zipper pull Pull belt mechanism under the move until the knife edge sensor senses the next 3 zipper under the knife, so periodic cycle work.

[0058] 当断开转换开关24选择普通工作模式时,根据设定程序,单片机5输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器6,步进电机驱动器6驱动步进电机7工作,长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下向前行,当前行至刀口感应器3处时,刀口感应器3先感应到拉链的上刀口的下降沿,拉链继续前行,刀口感应器3再感应到下刀口的上升沿,此时刀口感应器3发出信号给单片机5,单片机5输出控制信号给切刀电磁阀4和步进电机驱动器6,步进电机7停止工作,拉带机构停止,切刀电磁阀4开启,控制切刀机构工作,切刀机构在拉链的上刀口与下刀口之间切下一刀,通过切刀感应器8感应切刀机构做完切断动作后,然后切刀感应器8再给单片机5 —个信号,单片机5再次输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器6,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行,直至刀口感应器3感应到拉链的下一个上刀口,如此周期性循环工作。 [0058] When the disconnect switch 24 selects the normal mode of operation, according to the set procedure, the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal to the stepping motor driver 6, the stepper motor drive stepper motor driver 6 7 work, elongated zipper pull Driven by moving forward with the organization, the current line to the edge sensor 3, 3 first edge sensor sensing the falling edge of the zipper, zipper move, edge sensor 3 and then induced a rising edge of the next along, then cut the sensor sends a signal to the microcontroller 3 5 5 microcontroller outputs a control signal to the solenoid valve cutter 4 and 6 stepper motor drive stepper motor 7 to stop working, stop pulling belt mechanism, cutter solenoid valve 4 is opened control cutter mechanism work, the cutter mechanism between the blade and the zipper under the knife cut knife, after finishing the cutting operation by the cutter sensors 8 induced cutter mechanism and cutter sensors 8 give MCU 5 - a signal to the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal again to the stepping motor driver 6, the remaining length of the strip is pulled at the zipper move with bodies until 3 edge sensor senses the next zipper on one edge, so periodically cycle work.

[0059] 如图4、5所示,本实施例的自动切断机的控制方法,其与实施例一的区别在于可通过断开或接通转换开关24选择控制系统的工作模式,当转换开关24接通时,控制系统进入特殊工作模式(即控制自动切断机切两端均没有带头的特殊拉链产品),当转换开关24断开时,控制系统进入普通工作模式(即控制自动切断机切两端均有带头的普通拉链产品) [0059] 4 and 5, the control method according to the present embodiment of the automatic cutting machine, which differs from Example One embodiment is that by switching on or off the switch 24 selects the control system mode, when the switch 24 is turned on, the control system into a special operating mode (ie control automatic cutting machine cut both ends of the zipper did not take the lead in the special products), when the switch 24 is disconnected, the control system goes into normal operating mode (ie control automatic cutting machine cut both ends of the lead product of ordinary zipper)

[0060]当选择特殊工作模式时,本实施例的控制方法与实施例一的区别仅在于:在实施例一的步骤一后增加接通转换开关24的操作。 [0060] When selecting the special mode, the control method according to the present embodiment differs from the embodiment in that only one example: Example one step in an increase after the operation switch 24 is turned on.

[0061] 当选择普通工作模式时,本实施例的控制方法通过如下步骤实现: [0061] When selecting the normal mode, the control method of this embodiment is realized by the following steps:

[0062] 一、接通控制系统的电源,进行开机初始化,再通过开关板2上的启动开关21启动单片机5,控制系统开始工作; [0062] First, the power control system, boot up initialization, and through the switch plate 2 on the start switch 21 to start the microcontroller 5, the control system to work;

[0063] 二、断开转换开关24,控制系统进入普通工作模式; [0063] Second, the disconnect switch 24, a control system into normal operation mode;

[0064] 三、根据设定程序,单片机5输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器6,步进电机驱动器6驱动步进电机7工作,长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下向前行; [0064] Third, according to the set procedure, the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal to the stepping motor driver 6, the stepper motor drive stepper motor driver 6 7 work, elongated zipper is pulled in moving forward with the organization;

[0065] 四、当前行至刀口感应器3处时,刀口感应器3先感应到拉链的上刀口的下降沿,拉链继续前行,刀口感应器3再感应到下刀口的上升沿,此时刀口感应器3发出信号给单片机5,单片机5输出控制信号给切刀电磁阀4和步进电机驱动器6,步进电机7停止工作,拉带机构停止,切刀电磁阀4开启,控制切刀机构工作,切刀机构在拉链的上刀口与下刀口之间切下一刀; [0065] Fourth, the current line to the edge sensor 3, 3 first edge sensor senses the falling edge of the zipper, zipper move, edge sensor 3 senses a rising under the knife again, this time 3 edge sensor sends a signal to the microcontroller 5, the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal to the solenoid valve cutter 4 and 6 stepper motor drive stepper motor 7 to stop working, stop pulling belt mechanism, cutter solenoid valve 4 is opened, control cutter working body, the cutter mechanism on the knife-edge between the zipper under the knife blade and cut;

[0066] 五、通过切刀感应器8感应切刀机构做完切断动作后,然后切刀感应器8再给单片机5 —个信号,单片机5再次输出控制信号给步进电机驱动器6,剩余长带状拉链在拉带机构的拉动下继续前行,直至刀口感应器3感应到拉链的下一个上刀口,如此周期性循环工作。 [0066] Fifth, after finishing the cutting operation by the cutter sensors 8 induced cutter mechanism and cutter sensors 8 give the microcontroller 5 - a signal to the microcontroller 5 outputs a control signal again to the stepping motor driver 6, the remaining length Under ribbon zipper pull on the move with the body until the edge sensor senses the next 3 zipper on one edge, so periodic cycle work.

[0067] 本发明的图3、图5中,“通过可调拨码发出所需脉冲数(刀口长度)”,是指可以根据刀口长度来调节脉冲数,达到所需要求。 [0067] FIG. 3 of the invention, FIG. 5, "issue number (blade length) of the desired pulse via redeployment code" refers to the number of pulses can be adjusted according to the length of the blade, to achieve the necessary requirements. “拉链切完后过原拉链长度5倍时间停机”,指拉链切完后,单片机根据刚切完的拉链长度乘以5倍为基准,到了基准时间后就停止拉带的步进电机或整机设备电源,从而可以避免空机耗能。 "After cutting through the original zip fastener five times the length of down time," referring to the zipper after cut, cut immediately after the microcontroller according to the zipper length multiplied by 5 times as a reference to the reference time after stopping the stepping motor drawstring or whole machine equipment supply, thereby avoiding empty machine energy.

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Classifications
International ClassificationG05B19/042
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4 Jul 2012C06Publication
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23 Apr 2014C14Granted